Richard Riley

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Richard Riley
Richard Riley Official Department of Education Photo.jpg
6th United States Secretary of Education
In office
January 21, 1993 – January 20, 2001
PresidentBill Clinton
Preceded byLamar Alexander
Succeeded byRod Paige
111th Governor of South Carolina
In office
January 10, 1979 – January 14, 1987
LieutenantNancy Stevenson
Michael Daniel
Preceded by James Edwards
Succeeded by Carroll Campbell
Member of the South Carolina Senate
from the 2nd district
In office
January 9, 1973 – January 11, 1977
Preceded byHarris Smith
Succeeded by Carroll Campbell
Member of the South Carolina Senate
from the 3rd district
In office
January 10, 1967 – January 9, 1973
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byJohn W. Drummond
Personal details
BornRichard Wilson Riley
(1933-01-02) January 2, 1933 (age 85)
Greenville, South Carolina, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s)Ann Yarborough
EducationFurman University ( BA)
University of South Carolina, Columbia ( LLB)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service1954–1955

Richard Wilson "Dick" Riley (born January 2, 1933) is an American politician, the United States Secretary of Education under President Bill Clinton and the 111th governor of South Carolina. He is a member of the Democratic Party. Riley is the only Democrat to serve two consecutive terms as governor in the time since the state constitution was amended to allow governors to serve consecutive terms.

Early life and career[edit]

Born on January 2, 1933 in Greenville, South Carolina, to Edward P. "Ted" Riley and the former Martha (née Dixon) Riley.[1] He graduated cum laude from Furman University in 1954 and received his law degree from the University of South Carolina.[2]

Riley served in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1963 to 1966. He served in the South Carolina Senate from 1967 to 1977.

Governor of South Carolina, 1979–1987[edit]

Riley as Governor

Riley was elected governor of South Carolina in 1978. During his first term, the state constitution was amended to allow governors to serve two terms. Riley was re-elected in 1982, 69-31 percent, over the Republican former journalist W. D. Workman, Jr., of Greenville, and served until 1987.

As governor, Riley presided over the resumption of executions, despite his personal opposition to the death penalty.[3]

Riley's gubernatorial accomplishments centered upon improving funding and support for education and industrial recruitment. He named Max Heller, the mayor of Greenville who had lost the 1978 election for the United States House of Representatives from South Carolina's 4th congressional district to Republican Carroll A. Campbell, as the chairman of the South Carolina State Development Board. In this position, Heller recruited such businesses as Michelin North America and Digital Computer. State business recruitment under Heller surpassed $1 billion.[4] Heller pursued industrial diversification; during his five years as chairman of the development board, more than 65,000 jobs were created statewide.[5]

As Governor of South Carolina, he initiated the Education Improvement Act, which a Rand Corp. study at the time called “the most comprehensive educational reform measure in the U.S.”[3] He also initiated landmark legislation such as the Medically Indigent Assistance Act, the first statewide program of its kind in the nation; the Employment Revitalization Act aimed at coordinating occupational training statewide; and the Omnibus Crime Bill, which strengthened punishments for violent crimes while dealing responsibly with prison overcrowding.

Post-gubernatorial career[edit]

Richard Riley on Air Force One with President Clinton in 1999

In 1993, President Bill Clinton appointed Riley to his Cabinet as Secretary of Education. Riley served in this post until Clinton left office in 2001. Also in 1993, President Clinton approached Riley about an appointment to the United States Supreme Court, which Riley turned down. Clinton ultimately appointed Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Since then, he has served as a partner in the law firm of Nelson Mullins Riley & Scarborough, LLP, and served as a board member of the Albert Shanker Institute. On June 27, 2007 he endorsed Hillary Clinton for president and served as a campaign co-chair.[6]

In 1999, Furman University, Riley's alma mater, created the Richard W. Riley Institute of Government, Politics and Public Leadership in his honor. In 2000, Riley received the Foreign Language Advocacy Award from the Northeast Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages in recognition of his support for education and especially for his repeated recommendations that all students learn a second language.[7] In 2008, Walden University renamed its college of education the Richard W. Riley College of Education and Leadership, in honor of Riley's "commitment to students, his legacy of improving access to higher education, and his focus on diversity in education."[8] Winthrop University also renamed its college of education after Riley in 2000.

TIME magazine in 2008 named him among the Top Ten Best Cabinet Members in USA history.[9] The Christian Science Monitor once said that many Americans regard Dick Riley as "one of the great statesmen of education in this (20th) century." The late David Broder, columnist for The Washington Post, called him one of the "most decent and honorable people in public life."[10]

In 2018, his hometown of Greenville announced plans to memorialize him with a sculpture representing his extraordinary public leadership and commitment to quality education for all children.[11]

The Richard W. Riley Collection opened in 2018 at the University of South Carolina’s South Carolina Political Collections and contains more than 3,000 photographs; thousands of speeches with Riley’s handwritten edits; extensive research notes on policy development; considerable correspondence and news clippings; interviews with Riley and his late wife, Tunky, their son, Ted, and Dick Riley's father, Edward P. “Ted” Riley. The collection also includes printed campaign materials from Riley's political campaigns and his efforts for others, including Clinton, Jimmy Carter, and Al Gore.[12]

World Justice Project[edit]

Riley serves as an Honorary Co-Chair for the World Justice Project. The World Justice Project works to lead a global, multidisciplinary effort to strengthen the Rule of Law for the development of communities of opportunity and equity.

Personal life[edit]

Riley and his wife, the late Ann O. Yarborough, have three sons and one daughter.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Specific

  1. ^ "South Carolina Political Collections - University Libraries | University of South Carolina". library.sc.edu. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Archived: U. S. Secretary of Education Richard W. Riley Biographical Sketch". www2.ed.gov. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b "The best governor in America - and you've never heard of him. - Free Online Library". www.thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Katrina Daniel, A Tribute to Max Heller, August 1, 2011". Greenville Business Magazine. Archived from the original on May 21, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  5. ^ "Max Heller Biography". Furman University. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  6. ^ http://campaignsandelections.com/sc/articles/?id=310. Retrieved 23 October 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  7. ^ "The James W. Dodge Foreign Language Advocate Award". Northeast Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages. Archived from the original on August 21, 2014. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
  8. ^ "Walden U. Names a College After a Former Secretary of Education". The Chronicle of Higher Education. 23 January 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  9. ^ "Top 10 Best Cabinet Members". Time. 13 November 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Richard Riley". Alliance For Excellent Education. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  11. ^ News Administrator. "Richard W. Riley to be honored with downtown Greenville sculpture - Furman News". news.furman.edu. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  12. ^ Binette, Peggy. "UofSC opens Richard W. Riley Collection". University of South Carolina. Retrieved 23 October 2018.

General

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Bryan Dorn
Democratic nominee for Governor of South Carolina
1978, 1982
Succeeded by
Michael Daniel
-
Preceded by
Bruce Babbitt
Chair of the Democratic Governors Association
1985–1986
Succeeded by
Michael Dukakis
-
Political offices
Preceded by
James Edwards
Governor of South Carolina
1979–1987
Succeeded by
Carroll Campbell
-
Preceded by
Lamar Alexander
United States Secretary of Education
1993–2001
Succeeded by
Rod Paige