Richard Ruggles

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Richard F. Ruggles
Born (1916-06-15)June 15, 1916
Columbus, Ohio
Died March 4, 2001(2001-03-04) (aged 84)
Nationality American
Institution Yale University
Alma mater Harvard University
Uwe Reinhardt[1]
Donald Shoup

Richard Francis Ruggles (1916– March 4, 2001) was an American economist[2] known for "developing accounting tools for measuring national income and improving price indexes used in formulating government policy."[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Ruggles was born June 15, 1916, in Columbus, Ohio. He spent most of his youth in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where his father, Clyde O. Ruggles, also an economist, served as the dean of Harvard Business School. Ruggles later pursued both undergraduate and graduate economic studies at Harvard.[4] In 1942, he was awarded a PhD for his thesis titled Price Structure and Distribution over the Cycle.[5]

World War II and academic career[edit]

In 1943, Ruggles traveled to London and joined the Office of Strategic Services, where he used photographs of destroyed German tank serial numbers to estimate production rates at different factories, solving the German tank problem.[4][6]

Ruggles was a member of the economics department at Yale from 1946 to 1985, serving as chairman from 1969 to 1972. Additionally, he did research for government agencies, the United Nations, the Ford Foundation and the National Bureau of Economic Research.[4]

In 1963 he was elected as a Fellow of the American Statistical Association.[7]


Ruggles was married to Nancy D. Ruggles, also an economist, and they frequently worked together. Their daughter, Pat Ruggles, is also a noted economist.[8]

The Nancy and Richard Ruggles Memorial Fund[edit]

The Nancy and Richard Ruggles Memorial Fund presents an annual award recognizing outstanding scholarship. The prize is given to a researcher or researchers aged 35 or under and it is administered by the trustess of the fund. The presentation is made at the General Conference of the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth (IARIW).[9]


  1. ^ Reinhardt, Uwe. "An Economic Analysis of Physicians' Practices". ProQuest. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Tobin, J. (2001). "In Memoriam: Richard Ruggles (1916-2001)" (PDF). Review of Income and Wealth. 47 (3): 405–408. doi:10.1111/1475-4991.00025. 
  3. ^ "Richard Ruggles, Noted Economic Statistician, Dies". Yale Bulletin. March 23, 2001. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c Feder, Barnaby J. (March 10, 2001). "Richard Ruggles, 84, Economist; Developed Measurement Tools". New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ Ruggles, Richard. "Price Structure and Distribution over the Cycle". ProQuest. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Ruggles, R.; Brodie, H. (1947). "An Empirical Approach to Economic Intelligence in World War II". Journal of the American Statistical Association. 42 (237): 72. doi:10.1080/01621459.1947.10501915. JSTOR 2280189. 
  7. ^ View/Search Fellows of the ASA, accessed 2016-07-23.
  8. ^ Feder, Barnaby J. (March 10, 2001), "Richard Ruggles, 84, Economist; Developed Measurement Tools", New York Times 
  9. ^ "The Nancy and Richard Ruggles Memorial Fund". International Association for Research in Income and Wealth (IARIW). Retrieved 4 June 2015. 

External links[edit]