Richard Schulze-Kossens

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For other people with the same name, see Richard Schulze (disambiguation).
Richard Schulze-Kossens
Richard Schulze-Kossens.jpg
Born (1914-10-02)2 October 1914
Spandau, Berlin, Prussia, Germany
Died 3 July 1988(1988-07-03) (aged 73)
Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag Schutzstaffel.svg Waffen-SS
Years of service 1934–1945
Rank Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel)
Unit Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler; Führerbegleitkommando; 38. SS-Grenadierdivision Nibelungen
Commands held 38. SS-Grenadierdivision Nibelungen
Awards German Cross in Gold
Order of the Cross of Liberty.

Richard Schulze (2 October 1914 in Spandau, Berlin – 3 July 1988 in Düsseldorf) was a Waffen-SS officer during the Second World War who reached the rank of SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel). During World War II, Schulze commanded the 38th SS Division Nibelungen, SS-Junkerschule Bad Tölz and served as a Waffen-SS adjutant to the foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop. He was awarded the German Cross in Gold and the Finnish Order of the Cross of Liberty.

Early life and SS service[edit]

Richard Schulze was born in Spandau, Berlin. A year after graduating from gymnasium in 1934, the 20-year-old Schulze entered the Allgemeine SS and was assigned to 6.SS-Standarte in Berlin. In November 1934, he served in the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (LSSAH), Adolf Hitler's bodyguard. Between 1935 and 1937 took various officer training courses at the SS-Junkerschule Bad Tölz, in Jüterbog and Dachau. In 1937, Schulze was reassigned to the 3.SS-Totenkopf-Standarte Thüringen where he served as an adjutant to Theodor Eicke. He is pictured standing with Molotov, Ribbentrop, Stalin and Soviet Chief of Staff Shaposnikov at the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of 23 August 1939. Later on he worked as an adjutant at the SS-Hauptamt (SS Head Office) for August Heißmeyer and the Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop.

Second World War service[edit]

From October 1939 to August 1941, he was an SS-Ordonnanz-offizier for Adolf Hitler.[1] While serving in the role of an ordinance officer, he was also a member of the Führerbegleitkommando (FBK) which provided security protection for Hitler.[1] He was then transferred and later became the divisional commander of the 38th SS Division Nibelungen. At that time, Schulze had been the commanding officer of the SS-Brigade Nibelungen and the SS cadet school at Bad Tölz.[2]

Personal life[edit]

After the Second World War, Schulze changed his name to "Richard Schulze-Kossens". He was held in an American internment camp for three years. After being released, he worked as a salesman and wrote several books.[3] He appeared in the 26-episode television documentary, The World at War.

Schulze-Kossens remained in contact with a group of former adjuncts, secretaries and other staffers who continued to have a favourable view of Hitler following the war.[4]

Schulze-Kossens died of lung cancer on 3 July 1988.[3] More than 100 former SS members attended his funeral, with many wearing the insignia of an SS veterans association, and his casket was draped with tributes from former SS units. Werner Grothmann and another former Nazi officer provided eulogies.[3]

Summary of SS career[edit]

Dates of rank[edit]

Notable decorations[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hoffmann 2000, p. 55.
  2. ^ O'Donnell 2001, p. 99.
  3. ^ a b c Associated Press (11 July 1988). "Richard Schulze-Kossens, Hitler Adjutant". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  4. ^ Harris, Robert (2010). Selling Hitler: The Story of the Hitler Diaries. Random House. pp. 69–71. ISBN 9781409021957. 

Bibliography[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
SS-Standartenführer Hans Kempin
Commander of 38. SS-Grenadierdivision Nibelungen
6 April 1945 – 9 April 1945
Succeeded by
SS-Gruppenführer Heinz Lammerding