Richard Shirreff

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Sir Richard Shirreff
Richard Shirreff.jpg
General Sir Richard Shirreff
Born 1955 (age 61–62)
Kenya Colony
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1976–2014
Rank General
Commands held Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe
Allied Rapid Reaction Corps
3rd Mechanised Division
7th Armoured Brigade
King's Royal Hussars
Battles/wars The Troubles
Gulf War
Iraq War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service

General Sir Alexander Richard David Shirreff, KCB, CBE (born 1955) is a retired senior British Army officer. From March 2011 to March 2014 he served as Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe.

Early and personal life[edit]

Born in Kenya and educated at Oundle School and Exeter College, Oxford,[1][2] Richard Shirreff was commissioned into the 14th/20th King's Hussars as a second lieutenant on probation (university cadetship) on 3 September 1976.[3] He was confirmed as a second lieutenant on probation and as a second lieutenant (seniority from 1 February 1974) on 18 June 1977 and simultaneously promoted to lieutenant from the same date (seniority from 1 February 1976).[4][5]

Military career[edit]

Shirreff was promoted to captain on 1 August 1980,[6] and to major on 30 September 1987.[7] Having seen active service during the Gulf War in 1991, Shirreff was promoted to lieutenant colonel on 30 June 1992,[8] and was appointed Commanding Officer of the King's Royal Hussars in 1994.[9] He deployed with his Regiment to Northern Ireland in 1995, for which Shirreff was awarded a Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service.[10] Promoted to colonel – Army Plans at the Ministry of Defence on 30 June of the following year,[11][12] he was advanced to brigadier on 30 June 1998.[13] He was appointed Commander of 7th Armoured Brigade, which was deployed to Kosovo,[9] and was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in April 2001 in recognition of his service.[14]

Shirreff was promoted to major general on 9 May 2003[15] and became Chief of Staff at Land Command and in 2005 he became General Officer Commanding 3rd (UK) Mechanised Division, which deployed as HQ Multinational Division South East in Iraq in July 2006.[1] In January 2007 he was appointed Commander of the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps,[16] and was promoted to lieutenant general on 13 December of that year.[17] Shirreff was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the 2010 New Year Honours.[18]

On 11 January 2010, Shirreff gave evidence to the Iraq Inquiry.[19] On 4 March 2011 he became Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe and was promoted to full general.[20][21] He retired from that post in March 2014.[22]

Shirreff is currently the honorary colonel of Oxford University OTC[23] and served as the Honorary Colonel to the Royal Wessex Yeomanry from 2005 to 2015.[24]

Post-military career[edit]

Shirreff is an Advisory Board member of the non-for profit security organisation Genderforce, aiming to fight and prevent acts of Sexual and Gender Based Violence in conflict and post-conflict situations.[25][26]

In 2016, Shirreff published a book entitled 2017: War with Russia: An Urgent Warning from Senior Military Command. It suggests that Russia could easily invade the Baltic States, war between Russia and NATO would be possible, and alleges that former Secretary of State for Defence, Philip Hammond, tried to court-martial him when he spoke up on British defence cuts.[27][28][29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ARRC biography Archived 18 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Exeter College, Oxford
  3. ^ "(Supplement) no. 47061". The London Gazette. 9 November 1976. p. 15063. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  4. ^ "(Supplement) no. 47346". The London Gazette. 11 October 1977. p. 12783. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  5. ^ "(Supplement) no. 47474". The London Gazette. 28 February 1978. p. 2580. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  6. ^ "(Supplement) no. 48294". The London Gazette. 2 September 1980. p. 12370. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  7. ^ "(Supplement) no. 51080". The London Gazette. 6 October 1987. p. 12384. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  8. ^ "(Supplement) no. 53001". The London Gazette. 28 July 1992. p. 12671. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  9. ^ a b Profile: Major General Richard Shirreff BBC News, 27 December 2006
  10. ^ "(Supplement) no. 54212". The London Gazette. 14 November 1995. p. 15368. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  11. ^ KFOR structure
  12. ^ "no. 54453". The London Gazette. 2 July 1996. p. 8911. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  13. ^ "(Supplement) no. 55365". The London Gazette. 4 January 1999. p. 53. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  14. ^ "(Supplement) no. 56168". The London Gazette. 6 April 2001. p. 4244. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  15. ^ "(Supplement) no. 57000". The London Gazette. 15 July 2003. p. 8783. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  16. ^ ARRC
  17. ^ "(Supplement) no. 58546". The London Gazette. 18 December 2007. p. 18310. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  18. ^ "(Supplement) no. 59282". The London Gazette. 31 December 2009. p. 2. 
  19. ^ "Iraq inquiry awaits 'big fish' Blair and Campbell". BBC News. BBC. 8 January 2010. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  20. ^ New Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe Appointed Natsource, 29 September 2010
  21. ^ "(Supplement) no. 59720". The London Gazette. 8 March 2011. p. 4237. Retrieved 26 September 2009. 
  22. ^ "General Sir Adrian Bradshaw becomes the 28th DSACEUR". Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  23. ^ Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe NATO
  24. ^ "(Supplement) no. 59492". The London Gazette. 20 July 2010. p. 13805. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  25. ^ "Britain has become 'semi-pacifist' under Cameron, says retired general as he warns of war with Russia". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  26. ^ "Advisory Board Member – Sir Richard Shirreff". Genderforce C.I.C. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  27. ^ "Britain has become 'semi-pacifist' under Cameron, says retired general as he warns of war with Russia". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  28. ^ "General warned of nuclear war to pay mortgage". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  29. ^ "Former Nato commander's new book predicts invasion of Baltic as Putin bids to 'make Russia a great power again'". The Independent. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Graeme Lamb
General Officer Commanding the 3rd (UK) Mechanised Division
2005–2007
Succeeded by
Barney White-Spunner
Preceded by
John Cooper
General Officer Commanding
Multi-National Division (South East), Iraq

2006–2007
Succeeded by
Jonathan Shaw
Preceded by
Sir David Richards
Commander Allied Rapid Reaction Corps
2007–2011
Succeeded by
James Bucknall
Preceded by
Sir John McColl
Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Sir Adrian Bradshaw