Richard Shoup (programmer)
Richard Shoup (July 30, 1943 – July 18, 2015) was an American computer scientist and entrepreneur, mainly known from his pioneering work on computer graphics and animation. Originally from Gibsonia, Pennsylvania, he last resided in San Jose, California.
He earned a B.S.E.E. and a Ph.D. in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University. His Ph.D. thesis was the first to explore programmable logic and reconfigurable hardware, now widely used in computers and consumer electronics.
In 1973, while working as one of the first employees at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, he built SuperPaint, one of the first image editing programs. Future Pixar cofounder Alvy Ray Smith contributed to program development as an independent contractor.
Although he had been directly recruited by Robert Taylor following the collapse of the Berkeley Computer Corporation, Shoup's interests in video graphics and color, pixel-based imaging clashed with the office of the future research program cultivated by Taylor and Butler Lampson, ultimately precipitating his departure from Xerox. In 1979, he co-founded Aurora Systems, a company that was an early producer of digital animation hardware and software. He received a special Emmy Award (shared with Xerox) in 1983 and an Academy Scientific Engineering Award (shared with Smith and Thomas Porter) in 1998 for his work on SuperPaint.
From 2000 until his death, he was an associate at the Boundary Institute for the Study of Foundations, a nonprofit organization involved in research into physical sciences and parapsychology; previously, Shoup's interests in paranormal phenomena had contributed to his ostracization at Xerox.
He died from lung cancer on July 18, 2015.
- Personal bio on the Boundary Institute website
- Shoup, Richard. The SuperPaint System (1973-1979), available on Richard Shoup's home page, consulted on 16 September 2011
- Shoup, Richard. 2001. SuperPaint: An early frame buffer graphics system. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 23(2), 32-37 (Download article)
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