Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
The Duke of Buckingham
KG GCH PC FSA
The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos by John Jackson.
|Lord Privy Seal|
3 September 1841 – 2 February 1842
|Prime Minister||Sir Robert Peel|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Clarendon|
|Succeeded by||The Duke of Buccleuch|
|Born||11 February 1797
Stowe House, Buckinghamshire
|Died||29 July 1861 (aged 64)
Great Western Hotel, Paddington, London
|Spouse(s)||Lady Mary Campbell
|Children||Lady Anna Eliza Mary Gore-Langton
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
|Parents||Richard Temple-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Lady Anne Brydges
|Alma mater||Oriel College, Oxford|
Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, KG GCH PC FSA (11 February 1797 – 29 July 1861), styled Viscount Cobham from birth until 1813, Earl Temple between 1813 and 1822 and Marquess of Chandos between 1822 and 1839, was a British Tory politician. He served as Lord Privy Seal between 1841 and 1842.
Two events in his life were remarkable, given the era he lived in and the position he held in society as a duke: firstly, he obtained a divorce at a time when it was rare enough to require an Act of Parliament; secondly, despite the great wealth to which he was born, he declared bankruptcy with debts of over a million pounds in 1847.
Background and education
Born at Stowe, Buckinghamshire, the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos was the son of the Earl Temple (later created the 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos) and Lady Anne, daughter of the 3rd Duke of Chandos. He was a paternal grandson of the 1st Marquess of Buckingham and a great-grandson of Prime Minister George Grenville. He was educated at Eton and Oriel College, Oxford.
Buckingham sat as Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire between 1818 and 1839, when he succeeded his father in the dukedom and entered the House of Lords. Two years later, in September 1841, he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Lord Privy Seal by Sir Robert Peel, a post he held only until February 1842. He was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Hanoverian Order in 1835, elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1840 and made a Knight of the Garter in 1842.
In 1819, Buckingham married Lady Mary, daughter of Lieut-Gen The 4th Earl of Breadalbane (later created Marquess of Breadalbane). They had one son and one daughter, Anna, but were divorced in 1850 after Buckingham had lost his inheritance. Anna went to campaign for women's rights. At that time, divorce required an Act of Parliament.
In 1847, eight years after succeeding his father as Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, Richard was declared bankrupt with debts over a million pounds. This occasioned the auction sale of the contents of Stowe House in August–September 1848, one of the handful of most prominent English country house contents auctions of the 19th century.
Buckingham died at the Great Western Hotel, Paddington, London, in July 1861, aged 64, and was succeeded in the dukedom by his only son, Richard. His sometime wife died less than a year later in June 1862, aged 66.
- thepeerage.com Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Bristol to Buteshire and Caithness
- "No. 20014". The London Gazette. 3 September 1841. p. 2221.
- "No. 20090". The London Gazette. 12 April 1842. p. 1017.
- Elizabeth Crawford, ‘Langton, Lady Anna Eliza Mary Gore- (1820–1879)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 7 Nov 2017
- accessmylibrary.com The Rise and Fall of the Grenvilles: The Dukes of Buckingham and Chandos, 1710-1921.
- Spring, David & Spring, Eileen (1956). "The Fall of the Grenvilles, 1844-1848". Huntington Library Quarterly. 19 (2): 165–190. doi:10.2307/3816224. JSTOR 3816224.
- Memoirs of the Court and Cabinets of George the Third, Volume 1 (of 2)
- Memoirs of the Court and Cabinets of George the Third, Volume 2 (of 2)
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
- Portraits of Richard Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- "Archival material relating to Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos". UK National Archives.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
William Selby Lowndes
|Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire
With: William Selby Lowndes 1818–1820
Robert Smith 1820–1831
John Smith 1831–1835
Sir George Dashwood, Bt 1832–1835
Sir William Young 1835–1839
George Simon Harcourt 1835–1839
Sir William Young
George Simon Harcourt
Caledon Du Pré
The Earl of Clarendon
|Lord Privy Seal
The Duke of Buccleuch
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|Duke of Buckingham and Chandos