Richard H. Truly
|Richard H. Truly|
|8th Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration|
July 1, 1989 – March 31, 1992
|President||George H. W. Bush|
|Preceded by||James C. Fletcher|
|Succeeded by||Daniel S. Goldin|
November 12, 1937 |
Fayette, Mississippi, U.S.
|Alma mater||Georgia Institute of Technology, B.S. 1959|
|Occupation||Naval aviator, test pilot|
|Rank||Vice Admiral, USN|
Richard Harrison Truly (born November 12, 1937) is a retired Vice Admiral in the United States Navy, a former fighter pilot, former astronaut for both the United States Air Force and NASA, and was the eighth Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from 1989 to 1992. He was the first former astronaut to head the space agency.
Early life and education
Born November 12, 1937, in Fayette, Mississippi, Truly attended segregated schools in Fayette and Meridian, Mississippi. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology in 1959. He was a member of the Kappa Alpha Order.
Being a member of the Navy ROTC at Georgia Tech, Truly entered the U.S. Navy, where he was ordered to flight school and was designated a Naval Aviator on October 7, 1960. His initial tour of duty was in Fighter Squadron 33 (VF-33) where he flew F-8 Crusaders aboard USS Intrepid and USS Enterprise. He made more than 300 carrier landings.
In 1965, Truly was among the first military astronauts selected to the United States Air Force's Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) program in Los Angeles, California. He joined the NASA Astronaut Corps in August 1969 after the cancellation of the MOL program. At NASA, he was a member of the astronaut support crew and capsule communicator (CAPCOM) for all three of the manned Skylab missions in 1973, and the Apollo-Soyuz mission in 1975. He was assigned to one of the two-man crews for the Approach and Landing Tests of the Space Shuttle Enterprise in 1977, and the STS-2 mission in 1981. Truly served as commander of STS-8 in 1983. After STS-8, Truly left NASA to become the first commander of the Naval Space Command.
Return to flight
Three weeks after the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, Truly returned to NASA to become NASA's Associate Administrator for Space Flight on February 20, 1986. His primary task was to watch over the Space Shuttle's return to flight status. Along with that, he was also responsible for such long term issues as whether or not Challenger would be replaced, the role the Shuttle would play in the future and the mixture of expendable spacecraft and the shuttle for upcoming missions. While it only took a few days to determine the technical reason for the accident, sorting out the root cause was more difficult. In the end, it took Truly and NASA's "Return to Flight" program 31 months before the Space Shuttle Discovery successfully flew on September 29, 1988 with STS-26. In March 1986, Truly noted in a memo that there were several actions NASA needed to accomplish before launching another Shuttle flight. They included "Solid Rocket Motor joint redesign, Critical Items review, and Operations and Maintenance Instructions review".
Truly was named to head NASA as its eighth Administrator in May 1989. He held this position until May 1992. He was credited by Carl Sagan with interceding in an internal dispute regarding whether Voyager 1 should be commanded to take one last photograph of Earth before completing its primary mission. The resulting photograph has since become known as the Pale Blue Dot photograph. He retired from the Navy as a Vice Admiral shortly before becoming NASA Administrator.
After leaving NASA, Truly became Vice President and Director of the Georgia Tech Research Institute, part of the Georgia Institute of Technology, in Atlanta, Georgia. He served in this role from 1992 to 1997.
In May 2007, Retired Vice Admiral Richard Truly testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations as a member of a military advisory board on the subject of the threats to U.S. national security posed by global climate change.
Truly is married and has three children.
In 1988, he was awarded the Society of Experimental Test Pilots James H. Doolittle Award. He also received that year the Collier Trophy for his role in assisting NASA's return to launching manned missions after the Challenger disaster.
- "RICHARD H. TRULY (VICE ADMIRAL, USN, RET.) NASA ASTRONAUT (FORMER)". Johnson Space Center. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- "Richard Truly". Astronaut Scholarship Foundation. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- "Richard H. Truly". NASA History Division. NASA.
- "Return to Flight...Challenger Accident". NASA History. NASA.
- Greenfieldboyce, Nell (2010-02-12). "An Alien View Of Earth". NPR. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
- "Richard H. Truly". Great Images In NASA. NASA. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- "VADM Richard H. Truly (USN, Ret.)". GTRI 75 Years. Georgia Tech Research Institute. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- "NREL Director Richard Truly Announces Retirement Plans". National Renewable Energy Laboratory. 2004-06-08. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
- "TESTIMONY OF VICE ADMIRAL RICHARD TRULY, USN (Ret.)" (PDF). United States Senate. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-07-01. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- "Collier 1980-1989 Recipients". National Aeronautic Association. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
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James C. Fletcher