Richard Tylman of Faversham
|Mayor of Faversham|
1580 – 1581 
|Monarch||Elizabeth I of England|
|Preceded by||Thomas Barminge|
|Succeeded by||Edward Harris|
|Constituency||Town of Faversham|
Pluckley, Kent, England
|Died||8 September 1584 (aged 37–38)
Faversham, Kent, England
|Spouse(s)||Ellen Cobb (Cobbes)|
|Children||Alice, Avie, Margery, Nicholas, Richard, Thomas, William|
|Occupation||Food commodity dealer|
Richard Tylman of Faversham, was an English food commodity dealer and exporter. He served as Mayor of Faversham in 1580 during the reign of Elizabeth I of England, at an ancient sea port established before the Roman conquest.
Around 1580, when Tylman served as Faversham's mayor, England was still underpopulated with millions of acres of land lying in waste or covered by bog. "Roads were worse than the Romans had left them" observed the Kent Archaeological Field School study. The grain harvest was the main source of income, with timber as the essential building material. Most industry was cottage based with spinning, knitting, weaving, tanning, and smithying at the centre of the local economy.
Richard Tylman was born in Pluckley, Kent, England in 1546 to Nicholas Tylman and his wife Mildred. Richard married Ellen, the daughter of Thomas Cobb (Cobbes) of the Cobb Coat of Arms, and had 7 children with her: Alice, Avie, Margery, Nicholas, Richard, Thomas, and William (1562–1614, mayor of Faversham in 1594). Richard Tylman died on 8 September 1584 in Faversham, Kent. His children were bequeathed 20 shillings each at the age of 20< by their maternal grandfather Thomas.
Richard Tylman of Faversham, was a leading corn, wheat and malt exporter to London. His name was sometimes spelled Tillman in official records (utilized in books) since the spelling of names wasn't fixed, as it is today. Nevertheless, the mayor and grain exporter were one and the same person, identified through his business correspondence with the Lord Treasurer, preserved by the City of London Corporation. In 1580 all corn sold by Faversham dealers to the London merchants came from Richard Tylman, including 17 cargoes of wheat, delivered in 33 ship voyages carrying grain, an average of 64 quarters per voyage. Also in 1580, along with Nicholas Freeman, Tylman exported 745 quarters of malt to the capital.
The prosperous trade with London allowed Tylman (Tillman) to make new acquisitions. In 1581 he bought three houses (messuages) with two gardens, two additional storerooms and one granary, as well as two wharfs in the harbor fitted with a capstan and appurtenances. According to records, Tylman paid one hundred twenty four pounds of silver for his purchases. The valuable surplus grain produced by local farmers used to be delivered to Faversham wharfs in carts, and unloaded at merchants' quays (like the ones bought by Tylman) for export by sea. Sending similar quantities by road was simply not possible.
Already during the reign of Elizabeth I of the Tudor dynasty, England began to experience dramatic shortages of timber. The rising price of wood lead to a greater demand for coal. Meanwhile, the physical distance of timber deliveries steadily grew. Richard Tylman along with all traders of Faversham exported processed timber to London.
Notes and references
- Edward Jacob, The history of the town and port of Faversham: in the county of Kent. Appendix: A List of the Mayors of Faversham. J. March, 1774. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- Robert Stanley Cobb, MC, FRIBA (2012). "Thomas Cobb's daughter, who married one Richard Tylman of Faversham". Cobbes Eleventh Generation (64 FNU Cobbes). Rootsweb.Ancestry.com. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
- At the Session at Canterbury dated 22 July 1600 in Section: "Badgers Authorized" there was a grain badger privilege recorded from Esquires Michael Sondes, Knight; his brother Sir Richard Sondes, and George Waller, Esq.; allowed to one "Richard Tylman of Faversham, yeoman,"; which would be some 16 years after the Tylman's passing at the alleged very early age of 38 according to a different source. This particular document about Richard Tylman of Faversham lacks any further dates. — Session at Canterbury, 22 July 1600 Q/SR/1/m.9 1600. The National Archives. Kent History and Library Centre, UK. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- E. J. Francis (1878 digitized on 20 March 2007). "Letter from the Lord Mayor to the Lord Treasurer (dated January 17, 1580)". Analytical index, to the series of records known as the Remembrancia: Preserved among the archives of the city of London A, Parts 1579-1664. City of London (England) Corporation. p. 373. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
Vide "Books," Vol. I. 62, p.29 (I. 173).Check date values in:
- Paul Wilkinson, PhD, MIfA, FRSA. "The Historical Development of the Port of Faversham, Kent 1580-1780" (PDF direct download, 749 KB). The Kent Archaeological Field School. pp. 11, 87, 89, 92, 104,. Retrieved 2 September 2012. Search for Richard Tillman.
- the equivalent of £179 each based on retail price index or £3,210 using average earnings in 2010
- Officer, Lawrence H.and Williamson, Samuel H., "Purchasing Power of British Pounds from 1245 to Present," MeasuringWorth, 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2012.