Richard V. Culter
Richard V. Culter (September 10, 1883 – January 15, 1929) was an American artist who gained fame as an illustrator known primarily for his detailed drawings of people.
Richard Culter was born in Peoria, Illinois on September 10, 1883. As a young man, Culter moved to New York City, where at age 15 he began his studies at the Art Students League, learning from artists such as George Bridgman, William Merritt Chase, Frank DuMond, and others. Culter devoted four years to studying anatomy and became an expert at drawing the human figure. Later he continued his studies under French masters in Paris. At age 19 he opened his own studio and quickly made a name for himself, drawing illustrations for the most popular magazines of that time, including Life magazine, Collier's Weekly, Cosmopolitan magazine, Harper's Weekly, The Saturday Evening Post, and many others. In addition to drawing the artwork to accompany stories in the magazines, Culter's paintings graced the cover of several issues of Life magazine.
Moving from New York to Chicago, Culter joined the Charles Daniel Frey Company studio where, during the 1920s, he worked as lead illustrator on numerous advertising campaigns for such widely known brands as Paramount Pictures, Philip Morris, Dictaphone, Texaco, Prince Albert, Hamilton Watch Company, and many others. During World War I, Culter served the United States' war effort by drawing patriotic illustrations for the Morale Branch, war bonds and coal conservation. In the latter stages of his life, Culter devoted most of his time to magazine illustrations and was widely sought after, largely due to his whimsical depiction of people. Culter illustrated stories written by famous authors of his time, such as Booth Tarkington. Although devoting most of his time to magazine illustration, Culter also worked on Hollywood movies, collaborating with director Josef von Sternberg among others.
Culter is credited with coining the phrase the Gay Nineties from a hugely popular series of drawings of scenes and people in 1890s America which he published in Life magazine beginning in 1925 and continuing for several years. Culter published a collection of these drawings in a 1927 book entitled The Gay Nineties, An Album of Reminiscent Drawings. The foreword to the book was written by Charles Dana Gibson, editor and owner of Life magazine and a graphic artist with a style quite similar to Culter's, who, like Culter, studied at Art Students League in Manhattan, New York.
Beginning in his mid-30s, Culter suffered from tuberculosis and was in precarious health, and, on the advice of his physicians, began wintering in Florida. On January 28, 1929, Culter died at age 45 in Miami, Florida, likely as a result of complications from a serious abdominal operation the previous summer.
- Peoria Journal, February 27, 1929
- The Ethridge Company, Printing Art Copy Engraving catalog (1913)
- Life magazine, August 13, 1925, February 11, 1926
- Letters, War Department, Office of the Chief of Staff; United States Fuel Administration, Bureau of Conservation (1918)
- Miami Herald, January 29, 1929
- The World Does Move, The Saturday Evening Post (June 16, 1928)
- Miami Herald, December 16, 1928
- Culter, Richard (1927). The Gay Nineties, An Album of Reminiscent Drawings, Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc.
- Miami Riviera of Coral Gables newspaper, January 15, 1929