Witschge in 2013
|Full name||Richard Peter Witschge|
|Date of birth||20 September 1969|
|Place of birth||Amsterdam, Netherlands|
|Height||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)|
|1995||→ Blackburn Rovers (loan)||1||(0)|
|2001–2002||→ Alavés (loan)||26||(1)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Witschge was born in Amsterdam, North Holland. A product of local club AFC Ajax's prolific youth ranks under Johan Cruyff, he first appeared in the Eredivisie on 26 October 1986 at the age of 17, and scored his first league goal approximately a year later. His older brother Rob was already playing for the club.
After becoming established in the first team, Witschge signed for Cruyff's FC Barcelona in 1991. Cruyff later admitted to deliberately overpaying for him, as a favour to Ajax's incoming board of directors headed by his associate Michael van Praag.
During his time at Barça, Witschge rarely played as the Catalans won back-to-back La Liga championships; he faced intense competition for playing time as the three allotted slots for foreign players were usually taken up by Michael Laudrup, Hristo Stoichkov and his compatriot Ronald Koeman.He made his debut in the competition on 14 September 1991, playing the full 90 minutes in a 3–1 home win against Real Zaragoza. An injury ruled him out of the 1992 European Cup Final.
Witschge's frustration with this state of affairs at the Camp Nou led him to take a substantial pay cut in joining FC Girondins de Bordeaux for 18 million francs, in 1993. Initially the move was unsuccessful as he was unhappy with his accommodation and clashed with his coaches over their tactics. Amidst ineffectual performances he was booed by his own supporters and eventually dropped from the team.
Witschge moved to Blackburn Rovers on loan just ahead of the transfer deadline in March 1995, featuring against West Ham United as his team won the Premier League title. He had been intended as a replacement for injured left winger Jason Wilcox, but manager Kenny Dalglish preferred the more conservative option of pushing left-back Graeme Le Saux forward, bringing Jeff Kenna into the defence. An unimpressed Witschge later made an outspoken attack on Blackburn, branding the Lancashire town and its inhabitants "poor and ugly".
Upon his return to Bordeaux, Witschge found conditions under new coach Slavoljub Muslin much more congenial, resulting in a sharp upturn in his form. He scored seven league goals and figured prominently in the team which reached the final of the UEFA Cup, after qualifying for the competition through the 1995 UEFA Intertoto Cup.
In May 1996, Witschge agreed a return to Ajax, who wanted his experience to bolster the team which had begun to break up in the aftermath of their 1995 European Cup win. In his second spell he played more than 150 matches, helping the club win 2 leagues and back-to-back domestic cups. After falling into dispute with veteran coach Co Adriaanse, who preferred young Rafael van der Vaart in his role, he was loaned to Spanish top flight side Deportivo Alavés for the 2001–02 season.
After leaving Ajax for a second time in 2003, Witschge had short spells with amateurs ADO '20 in Heemskerk and Oita Trinita in Japan. After a failed trial at Rangers, he retired in June 2004 at nearly 35 years of age.
In 2013, Witschge returned to Ajax as a youth coach.
Witschge earned 31 caps for the Netherlands, in which he scored one goal. He made his debut on 21 February 1990 in a 0–0 friendly draw against Italy, and was picked for the 1990 FIFA World Cup under manager Leo Beenhakker.
An injury sustained with Barcelona ruled him out of UEFA Euro 1992 and he did not make another major tournament until Euro 1996, held in England. During this time, his place in the national team was taken by his older brother.
Witschge's initial spell in the national team yielded 19 appearances and one goal, between February 1990 and March 1992. As he subsequently dropped out of contention there was a perception that he had failed to fulfill his early talent, with Beenhakker attributing laziness and immaturity when he bracketed the player alongside contemporaries including Bryan Roy in the 'Patat Generatie' (English: French Fries Generation), the implication being that they ate junk food instead of focusing on improvement.
After an upturn in his fortunes at club level, Witschge was recalled in September 1995 during the nation's faltering Euro 1996 qualifying campaign. He attended the play-off tie against the Republic of Ireland in Liverpool, but was not ultimately selected. In the finals, he was preferred over Edgar Davids by Guus Hiddink, contributing to Davids' frustration and eventual expulsion from the squad.
In September 2000, Witschge returned to the national team after a three-year absence, due to an injury crisis. He won his final cap in a 2–2 home draw to Ireland, which dented the Netherlands' qualification prospects for the 2002 World Cup.
|1994–95||Blackburn Rovers||Premier League||1||0|
|2004||Oita Trinita||J1 League||9||0|
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- "Treinta y siete días laborales y uno festivo" [Thirty-seven working days and one festive]. ABC (in Spanish). 8 June 1992. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- Serra, Josep María (27 November 1992). "Witschge o Salinas es la duda" [Doubting between Witschge and Salinas] (PDF). Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "El Barcelona, campeón de Liga" [Barcelona, League champions]. ABC (in Spanish). 21 June 1993. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
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- Villepreux, Olivier (2 April 1996). "Witschge, enfant gâté et gâché de la balle – Le Néerlandais trouve à Bordeaux un standing qu'il avait cru atteindre trop tôt" [Witschge, spoiled kid and wasted talent – Dutchman found at Bordeaux status he thought he had reached too soon]. Libération. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Farrell, Ian (November 2002). "Richard Witschge". When Saturday Comes. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
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- "Overzicht trainers jeugdopleiding" [Youth coaches overview] (in Dutch). AFC Ajax. 23 May 2013. Archived from the original on 9 June 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Serné, Marc (26 May 1992). "Feyenoorder Rob Witschge neemt plaats in van geblesseerde broer Richard; Oranje zoekt scherpte in oefencampagne" [Feyenoord man Rob Witschge takes the place of injured brother Richard; Orange seek sharpness in practice campaign]. NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Van der Linden, Frenk (13 June 1992). "Ik schop, ik word gemener, ik groei'; Het chagrijn van Richard Witschge" ['I kick, I become meaner, I grow'; Richard Witschge's misery]. NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Verkammen, Matty (6 September 1995). "Als je faalt in Oranje, dan is de volgende aan de beurt" [If you fail in Orange, it's the next guy's turn]. Trouw (in Dutch). Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Verkammen, Matty (18 June 1996). "'Van de coach kun je het toch nooit winnen'" ['One can never win against the coach']. Trouw (in Dutch). Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- "Van Gaal prepara Holanda possível" [Van Gaal prepares possible Netherlands]. Record (in Portuguese). 2 September 2000. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Lang, Jack (3 December 2015). "Football's best brothers: As the Nevilles are reunited, we rank 30 of soccer's most celebrated sets of siblings". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "Richard Witschge". Footballdatabase. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "Richard Witschge". European Football. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- "Season 1997–98". AFC Ajax. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Season 1998–99". AFC Ajax. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Galindo, Jesús (11 February 1993). "El Barça encarrila otro euro-título" [Barça all but win another euro-title]. Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Beijen profile (in Dutch)
- Stats at Voetbal International (in Dutch)
- Richard Witschge at Wereld van Oranje (in Dutch)
- Richard Witschge at BDFutbol
- Richard Witschge at Soccerbase
- Richard Witschge at National-Football-Teams.com
- Richard Witschge – FIFA competition record
- Richard Witschge at J.League (in Japanese)