Richard de Luci

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Richard de Luci
Chief Justiciar of England
In office
1154 – c. September 1178/Easter 1179
Monarch Henry II
Preceded by Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester
Succeeded by Ranulf de Glanvill
Sheriff of Essex
In office
Personal details
Born 1089
Died 14 July 1179
Lesnes Abbey, Kent
Spouse(s) Rohese
Children Geoffrey de Luci, Godfrey de Luci, Maud de Luci

Richard de Luci (1089 – 14 July 1179) (also Richard de Lucy) was first noted as High Sheriff of Essex, after which he was made Chief Justiciar of England.


His mother was Aveline, the niece and heiress of William Goth. In the charter for Séez Cathedral in February 1130/31 Henry I refers to Richard de Luci and his mother Aveline. His brother Walter de Luci was abbot of Battle Abbey. [1]

An early reference to the de Luci family refers to the render by Henry I of the Lordship of Dice, Norfolk to Richard de Luci, Governor of Falaise, Normandy, after defending it with great valour and heroic conduct when besieged by Geoffrey, Earl of Anjou.

In 1153–4 de Luci was granted Chipping Ongar, Essex by William, son of King Stephen and his wife, Maud of Boulogne, where he built Ongar Castle. He was appointed Sheriff of both Essex and Hertfordshire for 1156.

The ruins of Lesnes Abbey, near London

When Henry II came to the throne in 1154, de Luci was made Chief Justiciar of England jointly with Robert de Beaumont, Earl of Leicester. When de Beaumont died in 1168, de Luci continued to hold the office in his own right.[2] One of the members of his household was Roger fitzReinfrid, the brother of Walter de Coutances. Roger became a royal judge and later donated land to Lesnes Abbey in Kent, which had been founded by de Luci.[3]

He resigned his office between September 1178 and Easter of 1179,[2] and retired to Lesnes Abbey, where he died and was buried three months later on 14 July 1179.

De Luci's wife, Rohese, who is named in several documents, was possibly a sister of Faramus de Boulogne.[4] Faramus was son of William de Boulogne who was the son of Geoffrey fitz Eustace (son of Eustace II, Count of Boulogne) and Beatrice, daughter of Geoffrey de Mandeville (11th century). Richard de Luci's children were-

Geoffrey, his son and heir who was married twice. By his first marriage he had two sons and 4 daughters. By his second marriage he had one son.

Reginald who married Amabel, daughter of William fitz Duncan, earl of Murray, who brought him the Honour of Egremont.[5]

Godfrey de Luci (d. 1204), Bishop of Winchester who had several illegitimate sons.

Rose who married William de Mounteny and Michael Capra of Mountnessing. Rose and William's daughter, Muriel, co-founded Clerkenwell priory in London with her husband Jordan Bricett. [6]

Maud married Walter Fitz Robert of Little Dunmow, Essex; their son was Robert Fitzwalter

Aveline wife of Gilbert de Montfichet of Stansted Mountfitchet, Essex

Alice wife of Odinel de Umfraville of Prudhoe, Northumberland


  1. ^ Knowles The Monastic Order in England p. 589
  2. ^ a b Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 69
  3. ^ Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants p. 942
  4. ^ Richardson, D. (2011) Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study ... p. 202 (via Google)
  5. ^ Rosie Bevan and Peter G M Dale, Reginald de Lucy, Son of Richard de Lucy, King's Justiciar: new perspectives. Foundations (2005) vol. 8, 53-72
  6. ^ Rosie Bevan and Peter G M Dale. A Rose By Any Other Name: Another daughter of Richard de Lucy. Foundations (2014) v.6, 13-46.


  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  • Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961
  • Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. (1999). Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents, 1066–1166: Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum. Ipswich, UK: Boydell Press. ISBN 0-85115-863-3. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester
Chief Justiciar
jointly with
Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester

1154 – c. 1179
Succeeded by
Ranulf de Glanville