Jump to content

Richmond, California

Coordinates: 37°56′09″N 122°20′52″W / 37.93583°N 122.34778°W / 37.93583; -122.34778
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flag of Richmond
Official seal of Richmond
The City of Pride and Purpose
Location in Contra Costa County
Location in Contra Costa County
Richmond is located in San Francisco Bay Area
Location in the United States
Richmond is located in California
Richmond (California)
Richmond is located in the United States
Richmond (the United States)
Coordinates: 37°56′09″N 122°20′52″W / 37.93583°N 122.34778°W / 37.93583; -122.34778
CountryUnited States
CountyContra Costa
IncorporatedAugust 3, 1905[1]
Named forRichmond, Virginia, U.S.
 • TypeCouncil-Manager[2]
 • BodyCity council:,[3]
Doria Robinson,
Claudia Jimenez,
Soheila Bana,
Eduardo Martinez,
Gayle McLaughlin, and
Melvin Willis
 • MayorEduardo Martinez (D)
 • SupervisorDistrict 1:
John Gioia
 • State senatorNancy Skinner (D)[4]
 • AssemblymemberBuffy Wicks (D)[5]
 • U. S. rep.John Garamendi (D)[6]
 • City52.51 sq mi (136.00 km2)
 • Land30.05 sq mi (77.84 km2)
 • Water22.46 sq mi (58.16 km2)  42.71%
Elevation46 ft (14 m)
 • City103,701
 • Estimate 
 • Rank2nd in Contra Costa County
54th in California
 • Density3,678.94/sq mi (1,420.43/km2)
 • Urban
 • Metro4,335,391
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
94801, 94802, 94804, 94805, 94807, 94808, 94850
Area code510, 341
FIPS code[8][12]06-60620
GNIS IDs[8][13][12]1659507, 2410939

Richmond is a city in western Contra Costa County, California, United States. The city was incorporated on August 3, 1905, and has a city council.[14] Located in the San Francisco Bay Area's East Bay region, Richmond borders San Pablo, Albany, El Cerrito and Pinole in addition to the unincorporated communities of North Richmond, Hasford Heights, Kensington, El Sobrante, Bayview-Montalvin Manor, Tara Hills, and East Richmond Heights, and for a short distance San Francisco on Red Rock Island in the San Francisco Bay.

Richmond is one of two cities, the other being San Rafael, that sits on the shores of both San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay. Its population was 116,448 as of the 2020 census making it the second largest city in the United States named Richmond after Richmond, Virginia.[15]


The name "Richmond" predates incorporation of the city by more than fifty years. Edmund Randolph, originally from Richmond, Virginia, represented the city of San Francisco when California's first legislature met in San Jose in December 1849, and he became state assemblyman from San Francisco. Out of fondness for his hometown, Randolph persuaded a federal surveying party, surveying and mapping the San Francisco Bay, to place the names "Point Richmond" and "Richmond" on their 1854 geodetic coastal map. The map was used at the terminal selected by the San Francisco and San Joaquin Valley Railroad. By 1899 maps made by the railroad carried the name "Point Richmond Avenue", a county road that later became Barrett Avenue, a central street in Richmond. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad purchased the railroad making their terminus at Richmond.[16] The first post office opened in 1900,[16] and the city of Richmond incorporated in 1905.


Richmond was originally part of Rancho San Pablo, a Mexican-era rancho granted to Francisco María Castro in 1823 and reconfirmed to his son Don Víctor Castro, a noted Californio ranchero and politician (pictured), in 1834.

The Ohlone were the first inhabitants of the Richmond area, settling an estimated 5,000 years ago.[17] They spoke the Chochenyo language,[18] and subsisted as hunter-gatherers and harvesters.[19]


The site that would eventually become the city of Richmond was part of the Rancho San Pablo land granted to Don Francisco María Castro, from which the nearby town of San Pablo inherited its name; the Point Richmond area was known originally as The Potrero and then renamed as Point Stevens in early charts of San Francisco Bay.[20] Point Richmond was an island, but industrial development and deliberate fill connected it to the mainland by the early 1900s.[20]

On July 4, 1900, the Santa Fe Railroad's western terminus was established at Point Richmond with ferry connections from Ferry Point in the Brickyard Cove area to San Francisco.[20] The Santa Fe railroad also built a major rail yard next to Point Richmond. It constructed a tunnel through the Potrero San Pablo ridge to run track from the yard to a ferry landing from which freight cars could be transshipped to San Francisco. Where this track crosses the main street in Point Richmond, there remain two of the last operational wigwag grade crossing signals in the United States, and the only surviving examples of the "upside-down" type. The wigwag is a type of railroad crossing signal that was phased out in the 1970s and '80s across the country. There was controversy in 2005 when the State Transportation Authority ordered the BNSF railroad company to upgrade the railroad crossing signals. A compromise was achieved that included installing new modern crossing gates, red lights and bells while not removing, but simply shutting off, the historic ones and preserving their functionality for special events.[21]

Standard Oil set up operations on land sold by Emily Tewksbury in 1901, including what is now the Chevron Richmond Refinery and tank farm, which Chevron still operates. There is a pier into San Francisco Bay south of Point Molate for oil tankers.

Early days[edit]

The city of Richmond was incorporated in 1905.[20] Until the enactment of prohibition in 1919, the city had the largest winery in the world;[22] the small abandoned village of Winehaven remains fenced off along Western Drive in the Point Molate Area. Richmond was a small town at that time, with some industrial development centered on the waterfront based around the railroad and oil refineries.

The Pullman Company also established a major facility in Richmond in the early 20th century.[23] The facility connected with both the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific and serviced their passenger coach equipment. The Pullman Company was a large employer of African American men, who worked mainly as porters on the Pullman cars.[24][25] Many of them settled in the East Bay, from Richmond to Oakland, before World War II.

Southern Richmond in 1930, then known as the town of Stege, California

From 1917 and throughout the 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan was active in the city.[26]

In 1930 the Ford Motor Company opened the Richmond Assembly Plant, which later moved to Milpitas in 1956. The old Ford plant in Richmond has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1988.[27] In 2004 it was purchased by developer Eddie Orton,[28] who converted it into an events center named Ford Point Building–The Craneway.[29]

Wartime boomtown and shifting demographics[edit]

At the onset of World War II, the four Richmond Shipyards were built along Richmond's waterfront, employing thousands of workers, many migrating to Richmond from other parts of the country after being recruited. These new workers generally lived in housing constructed specifically for the wartime boom, scattered throughout the San Francisco Bay Area, including Richmond, Berkeley and Albany. Many of these new migrants were Black Americans from the South and to a lesser extent the Midwest who took jobs in heavy industry and transport as those industries expanded to meet the needs of the war economy, while increased numbers of women also joined the industrial workforce for the first time as large numbers of working-age men were drafted for the war effort. During the war, Richmond's population increased dramatically, rising from 23,000 in 1940 to 114,899 in 1942 and peaking at around 120,000 by 1945.[30]: 3 

A specially built rail line, the Shipyard Railway, transported workers to the shipyards. Kaiser's Richmond shipyards built 747 Victory and Liberty ships for the war effort, more than any other site in the U.S.[31] The shipyards broke many records, including the completion of a Liberty ship in just five days. On average the yards built a new ship in 30 days.

The medical system established for the shipyard workers at the Richmond Field Hospital eventually became today's Kaiser Permanente HMO.[32] The hospital remained in operation until 1993, when it was replaced by the Richmond Medical Center hospital, which has since expanded to a multi-building campus.

Point Richmond was Richmond's original commercial hub, but a new downtown arose in the center of the city along Macdonald Avenue during the war. It was populated by department stores such as Kress, J.C. Penney, Sears, Macy's, and Woolworth's.

Post-war decline and rebound[edit]

When the war ended the shipyard workers were no longer needed, and a decades-long population decline ensued. The census listed 99,545 residents in 1950. By 1960 much of the temporary housing built for the shipyard workers was torn down, and the population dropped to about 71,800.[33]

Just before his April 1968 assassination, Martin Luther King Jr. had been working on plans for the Poor People's Campaign, including a multi-city tour of the U.S. with a stop in Richmond.[34] His son, Martin Luther King III, completed the Poverty in America Tour in 2007, stopping in Richmond.[34] Unrest in late June 1968, sparked by the police shooting of a 15-year-old boy, damaged businesses in downtown along Macdonald Avenue.[35][36] Most notably, the Travalini Furniture Store was destroyed by fire, which was assumed to be the result of the violent protests, but according to Fraser Felter, who was a reporter for the Richmond Independent, police sources told him the fire was set to avoid a debt instead by destroying store records.[37]

Entrance to Hilltop Mall

In the 1970s, the Hilltop area was developed in Richmond's northern suburbs, further depressing the downtown area as it drew retail clients and tenants away to the large indoor Hilltop Mall, which opened in 1976. The shopping mall, last named Hilltop Horizon, was opened under Taubman Centers, and has been sold since then to GM Pension Trust (1998), Simon Property Group (2007), Jones Lang LaSalle (2012),[38] LBG Real Estate (2017), and Prologis (2021), who announced plans to close and demolish the building, reusing the land for a mixed-use development including residential, retail, and logistics facilities.[39]

In the late 1990s the Richmond Parkway was built along Richmond's western industrial and northwestern parkland, connecting Interstates 80 and 580. Construction of the Parkway, which follows the alignment of SR 93 as proposed in 1958, started in 1990 and completed in 1996 at a cost of $193 million. However, Caltrans issued a letter in 1998 saying it would not take over responsibility for the road unless it was brought up to expressway standards; as it was cost-prohibitive to convert it, the road remains the responsibility of the city and county.[40]

In 2006, the city celebrated its centennial. This coincided with the repaving and streetscaping project of Macdonald Avenue. The city's old rundown commercial district along Macdonald has been designated the city's "Main Street District" by the state of California. This has led to funding of improvements in the form of state grants.[41]


East Brother Island Lighthouse, located in a small island group in San Francisco Bay called The Brothers

Richmond is located at 37°56′09″N 122°20′52″W / 37.93583°N 122.34778°W / 37.93583; -122.34778.[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 52.5 square miles (136 km2), of which 30.1 square miles (78 km2) is land and 22.4 square miles (58 km2) (comprising 42.71%) is water. The city sits on 32 miles (51 km) of waterfront, more than any other city in the Bay Area.[42] The city borders San Francisco Bay to the southwest and San Pablo Bay to the northwest, and includes Brooks Island and the Brother Islands entirely, and half of Red Rock Island.

There are several cities and unincorporated communities surrounding or bordering Richmond. To the south is the city of Albany which is in Alameda County and the city of El Cerrito. The unincorporated communities of East Richmond Heights, Rollingwood, Hasford Heights, and El Sobrante lie to the east. North Richmond to the west and San Pablo to the east are almost entirely surrounded by Richmond's city limits. To the north, Richmond borders the city of Pinole and the unincorporated areas of Bayview, Montalvin Manor, Hilltop Green, Tara Hills. Richmond borders Alameda, San Francisco, and Marin counties in the Bay and Red Rock Island.

The city is within the 94801, 94803, 94804, 94805, and 94806 ZIP Codes.[43]

Aerial view in 2015


Richmond, like much of the coastal East Bay, enjoys a very mild Mediterranean climate year round. The climate is slightly warmer than the coastal areas of San Francisco, the Peninsula, and Marin County; it is however more temperate than areas further inland. The average highs range from 57 to 73 °F (14 to 23 °C) and the lows range from 43 to 56 °F (6 to 13 °C) year round.[44] Richmond usually enjoys an "Indian summer", and September is, on average, the warmest month. January is on average the coldest month.

The highest recorded temperature in Richmond was 107 °F (42 °C) in September 1971 while the coldest was 24 °F (−4 °C) in December 1990.[44]

The rainy season begins in late October and ends in April, with some showers in May. Most of the rain occurs during stronger storms which occur between November and March and drop 3.3–4.91 inches (84–125 mm) of rain per month. January and February are the rainiest months.[44]

Like most of the Bay Area, Richmond is made up of several microclimates. Southern parts of the city and the ridges receive more fog than northern areas. Summer temperatures are higher in inland areas, where the moderating influence of San Francisco Bay is lessened. The average wind speed is 6–9 miles per hour (10–14 km/h) with stronger winds from March through August; the strongest winds are in June.[42] The city also enjoys more than 80% sunshine seven months out of the year and ten months with 60% or more. December and January are the darkest months with about 45% average brightness.[42] The city experiences virtually no snowfall, and brief hail annually.

Climate data for Richmond, California (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1950–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 78
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 58.2
Daily mean °F (°C) 51.1
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 44.1
Record low °F (°C) 27
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.83
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.0 9.2 9.3 5.5 3.3 1.2 0.0 0.1 0.4 2.7 6.3 9.8 57.8
Source: NOAA[45][46]


View of Winehaven

Richmond is home to many species of animals. Canada geese visit the city on their annual migrations. Harbor seals live on the Castro Rocks, and pigeons and gulls populate the sidewalks and parking lots. Tadpoles and frogs can be found in the local creeks and vernal pools. Field mice and lizards are also found. Herons and egrets nest in protected areas on Brooks Island. Deer, falcons, raccoons, ducks, foxes, owls, and mountain lions live in Wildcat Canyon and Point Pinole Regional Shoreline.

A license is needed for fishing on the waterfront or city waters but not on the piers, where in addition to crabs, sturgeon are plentiful and bat rays may also be found. Striped bass, bat rays, leopard sharks, surf perch, jacksmelt, sturgeon, white croaker, and flounders are also found.[47] Richmond is one of the few places where you can find the rare Olympia oyster on the West Coast, in the waters along the refinery's shoreline. Rainbow trout have recently returned to San Pablo and Wildcat creeks.[48]

Red-tailed hawks patrol the skies. Monarch butterflies migrate through the city on their journey between Mexico and Canada. Wildcat Marsh has two ponds where Canada geese often rest, and is also the home of the endangered salt marsh harvest mouse and California clapper rail. Another endangered species in the city is the Santa Cruz tarweed which survives alongside Interstate 80. Wildcat Canyon also hosts falcons and vultures. Threatened black rails also live in the city's marshes.[49]

Otters at the Richmond Marina

After a baby gray whale was beached on the Point Richmond shore in May 2007, its rotting corpse became bothersome to neighbors. Removal was delayed as various agencies argued over which would have to pay for it, at an eventual cost of $18,000.[50][51][52][53]

Richmond is also home to one of the last pristine moist grassland habitats in the entire Bay Area at the former Campus Bay UC Berkeley Field Station near Meeker Slough.[54] Richmond residents, however, have limited access to other environmental benefits. Because of the refineries located in Richmond, air quality is particularly low, and residents are especially at risk of air-pollution-related health issues.[55]

In 2006, the city was sued by an environmental group for dumping raw sewage into the Bay. Councilmember Tom Butt was very vocal on the subject, accusing the city council of turning a blind eye to the problem.[56]

A 60-acre, 10.5-megawatt solar farm was opened within the city in 2018.[57] The farm sits on a former landfill owned by Chevron.


The city has in the past suffered from a high crime rate; at one point, the city council requested a declaration of a state of emergency and asked for the intervention of the Contra Costa County Sheriff and the California Highway Patrol.[58] Murder, vehicle theft, and larceny rates remain high, although they tend to be concentrated in the Iron Triangle and adjacent unincorporated North Richmond, which is outside the jurisdiction of the Richmond Police Department. By 1991, the city's all-time high of 62 homicides, among a population of 98,000, was seven times the national average. The portion of these homicides that were drug- or gang-related increased from 5 percent to 55 percent between 1989 and 1991.[59]

Despite the city making extreme headway in crime reduction and prevention, Richmond received widespread attention in 2009 when a girl was gang raped at a homecoming dance at Richmond High School.

In 2007, Richmond opened a program to prevent gun violence, the Office of Neighborhood Safety.[60] The program collects information and analyzes public records to determine "the 50 people in Richmond most likely to shoot someone and to be shot themselves." It then offers selected individuals "a spot in a program that includes a stipend to turn their lives around".[61] "Over an 18-month period, if the men demonstrate better behavior, ONS offers them up to $1,000 a month in cash, plus opportunities to travel beyond Richmond."[62]

In 2004, Richmond was ranked the 12th most dangerous city in America.[63] Those rankings have changed, and Richmond is no longer ranked as a "most dangerous" city, in either California or the United States. This is in large part due to the efforts of Police Chief Chris Magnus, who established "community policing", which involves police officers engaging with affected high crime communities.[64]


Map showing the Hayward fault running through the eastern Richmond hills and the hilltop area through to San Pablo Bay

Richmond lies in the volatile California region that has a potential for devastating earthquakes. Many buildings were damaged in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. The city has also had at least one minor tornado. The Chevron Richmond Refinery had highly noted chemical leaks in the 1990s. The company has been fined thousands, and sometimes hundreds of thousands, of dollars.

Richmond has a siren system consisting of 17 emergency warning sirens located across the city; they are tested on the first Wednesday of every month, at 11 am PST (12 pm PDT), and are usually used to warn of toxic chemical releases from the Chevron Richmond Refinery.[65]

[66] In a July 26, 1993, industrial accident, a General Chemical company rail tanker car containing oleum overheated and exploded in the General Chemical railyard. This resulted in a 17-mile (27 km) area contaminated with the poisonous gas, and led to 25,000 people landing in the hospital. The incident led to lawsuits, and has been referred to as a mini-Bhopal.[67]

A beach closed due to oil contamination along the shoreline at Marina Bay

2007 San Francisco Bay Oil Spill[edit]

The city's shoreline and wildlife were seriously affected by the 2007 San Francisco Bay oil spill. Beaches and shoreline were closed, but later reopened.[68] Keller Beach was closed to public access for swimmers.

2010 sinkhole[edit]

On April 15, 2010, a sinkhole roughly 30 feet (9.1 m) deep appeared at the intersection of El Portal Drive and Via Verdi. Although no one was hurt, a car fell into the sinkhole.[69]

2012 Chevron Refinery fire[edit]

On August 6, 2012, at around 6:15 PM, a large fire erupted at the Chevron refinery, sending significant plumes of toxic smoke into the surrounding area and resulting in over 15,000 people to seek medical treatment at local hospitals. Just minutes after the fire was reported, Contra Costa Health Services notified residents “shelter in place”; the local siren system was activated and several messages were issued through the Emergency Alert System warning people of the fire and hazardous materials incident. The fire was reported contained at around 10:40 PM.[70]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[71]
2010[72] 2020[73]

2020 census[edit]

Richmond city, California – Racial and ethnic composition
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity (NH = Non-Hispanic) Pop 2000[74] Pop 2010[72] Pop 2020[73] % 2000 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 21,081 17,769 18,985 21.25% 17.13% 16.30%
Black or African American alone (NH) 35,279 26,872 21,753 35.56% 25.91% 18.68%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 351 250 266 0.35% 0.24% 0.23%
Asian alone (NH) 12,077 13,783 16,460 12.17% 13.29% 14.14%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 476 462 609 0.48% 0.45% 0.52%
Other race alone (NH) 400 585 1,243 0.40% 0.56% 1.07%
Mixed race or Multiracial (NH) 3,233 3,059 5,220 3.26% 2.95% 4.48%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 26,319 40,921 51,912 26.53% 39.46% 44.58%
Total 99,216 103,701 116,448 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%


The 2010 United States census[75] reported that Richmond had a population of 103,701. The population density was 1,976.0 inhabitants per square mile (762.9/km2). The racial makeup of Richmond was 32,590 (31.4%) White, 27,542 (26.6%) African American, 662 (0.6%) Native American, 13,984 (13.5%) Asian (4.0% Chinese, 3.5% Filipino, 1.6% Laotian, 1.2% Indian, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.4% Korean, 0.2% Pakistani, 0.1% Thai), 537 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 22,573 (21.8%) from other races, and 5,813 (5.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 40,921 persons (39.5%). Among the Hispanic population, 27.3% were of Mexican origin, 4.7% Salvadoran, 1.7% Guatemalan, and 1.2% Nicaraguan heritage.

The census reported that 102,118 people (98.5% of the population) lived in households, 670 (0.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 913 (0.9%) were institutionalized.

There were 36,093 households, out of which 13,487 (37.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 14,502 (40.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,931 (19.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,585 (7.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,538 (7.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 427 (1.2%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 9,546 households (26.4%) were made up of individuals, and 2,707 (7.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83. There were 24,018 families (66.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.43.

The age distribution of the population shows 25,800 people (24.9%) under the age of 18, 10,364 people (10.0%) aged 18 to 24, 30,846 people (29.7%) aged 25 to 44, 26,109 people (25.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,582 people (10.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.

There were 39,328 housing units at an average density of 749.4 units per square mile (289.3 units/km2), of which 36,093 were occupied, of which 18,659 (51.7%) were owner-occupied, and 17,434 (48.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.1%. 52,683 people (50.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 49,435 people (47.7%) lived in rented housing.

The population of Richmond was 22% African-American as of 2015, while it was 44% African-American in 1990.[76]


Red Rock Island

As of the census[77] of 2000, there were 99,216 people, 34,625 households, and 23,025 families in the city. The population density was 3,309.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,277.8/km2). There were 36,044 housing units at an average density of 1,202.3 units per square mile (464.2 units/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 36.06% black or African American, 21.36% white, 0.64% Native American, 12.29% Asian, 0.50% Pacific Islander, 13.86% from other races, and 5.27% from two or more races. 26.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino, of any race.

Of the 34,625 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 20.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 27.7% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,210, and the median income for a family was $46,659. Males had a median income of $37,389 versus $34,204 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,788. About 13.4% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

75.4% of inhabitants over the age of 25 were high school graduates, while 22.4% had bachelor's degrees, and 8.3% had a graduate or professional degree. 7.7% of the population was unemployed and those who were employed took, on average, 34.3 minutes to commute to their place of work.[42]

33.2% of the population aged 15 and over has never married, while 46.3% is currently wed. 11.1% have already divorced, 3.1% is currently separated, and 6.4% has been widowed.[42]

20.6% of the population was born outside the U.S., of which 15.4% were born in Latin America and 8.7% in Asia.[42]

During the day the population shrinks by 6.2% due to commuting while 23.3% of the population works within the city limits. 20.5% of the jobs in the city are in the educational, health, and social service fields, while 10.9% are professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste disposal, and 10.4% are in retail.[42]

7.0% of Richmonders are veterans of the U.S. Armed Forces compared with 10.9% nationally. 33.2% are foreign born while 12.4% are nationwide. 48.1% of men and 43.2% of women are married; 55.9 and 51% of Americans are respectively. Nearly half (46.7%) speak a language other than the English language at home. 65.3% are employed, even with the national average. The average household income is US$52,794; $6,552 higher than the national average. The average family makes 57,931 dollars while the average American household makes 55,832 dollars. The per capita income is 22,326 compared with 25,035 federally.[78]

Among Richmond residents, 64.56% residents speak English, 23.13% speak Spanish, 2.11% speak Tagalog, 1.75% speak Chinese, 1.20% speak Miao–Mien, 1.12% speak Laotian, 0.72% speak Punjabi, 0.54% speak Cantonese, 0.51% speak French, 0.5% speak Vietnamese, 3.49% speak other languages, none of which represents more than half of one percent of the population.[79]


The Port of Richmond (seen in the distance) has been a major part of the economy of the city.
Largest employers in Richmond
Rank Name Industry
1. Chevron Corporation Petrochemical
2. West Contra Costa Unified School District Education
3. Kaiser Foundation Hospitals Healthcare
4. United Parcel Service Shipping
5. Social Security Administration Government
6. Amazon.com services E-Commerce
7. Permanente Medical Group Healthcare
8. United States Postal Service (including San Francisco NDC) Government
9. Contra Costa County Government
10. City of Richmond Government

Many industries have been and are still sited in Richmond. It had a dynamite and gunpowder works (the Giant Powder Company, closed in 1960, now the site of Point Pinole Regional Shoreline), the last active whaling station in the country at Point Molate (closed in 1971), and one of the world's largest wineries (Winehaven), closed by Prohibition in 1919.

During World War II, Richmond developed rapidly as a heavy industrial town, chiefly devoted to shipbuilding. Its major activity now is as a seaport, with 26 million tons of goods shipped through Port Richmond in 1993, mostly oil and petroleum products. The seaport is also home to a major oil refinery operated by Chevron Corporation. The Social Security Administration employs over 1,000 at its regional office and program service center in Downtown Richmond. Kaiser Permanente's Richmond Medical Center hospital in the Downtown Richmond is one of the largest employers in the city.


Kaiser Permanente Richmond Medical Center in downtown Richmond

The Hilltop District includes Prologis Hilltop Center and a 16-screen Century Theatres alongside Hilltop Plaza Shopping Center. The 23rd Street business district has evolved into a predominantly Latino neighborhood over the last twenty years as have the storefronts.[81]

In the Downtown Richmond District the Richmond Shopping Center was built as part of the city's "main street" revitalization efforts.

The Macdonald 80 Shopping Center is a commercial plot along the trunk route of Macdonald Avenue which has been designated the city's main street under the aforementioned program. It was once anchored by the now-defunct Montgomery Wards and a Toys"R"Us. Demolition of the former buildings and construction of a new shopping mall were completed in 2006.[82]


Pt. Richmond Historic District

The former Richmond Shipyard No. 2 and Inner Harbor were transformed starting in the late 1980s into a multiunit residential area, now known as Marina Bay. Starting in the early 2000s, the city began an aggressive redevelopment effort spurring exurban tract housing, condominiums, townhomes, a transit village, and terraced hillside subdivisions. The city also created a redevelopment agency that refurbished Macdonald Avenue, funded the Metro Walk transit village, resurrected the Macdonald 80 Shopping Center, and created the Richmond Greenway rails-to-trails trail and urban farming project. Since 1996, new homes have increased in price by 32%,[42] and there has been a 65.6% increase in the total amount of new dwellings built annually.

Country Club Vista is a development surrounding the Richmond Country Club to the south and north. It includes suburban style tract houses with cul-de-sac courts and small yards. Seacliff, at Point Richmond, is a development of luxury waterfront homes built on a terraced hillside. San Marcos is a series of about ten condominium multistory buildings between The Shops at Hilltop and Country Club Vista. Richmond Transit Village has been constructed in the former west parking lot and an adjacent empty lot of the combined Richmond BART and Amtrak station. The development is part of the city's downtown revitalization efforts.

Richmond CARES[edit]

On September 11, 2013, the seven-member Richmond City Council, in a four-to-three vote, decided to pursue a scheme for using eminent domain to buy out mortgages.[83] The vote was on "[setting] up a Joint Powers Authority to bring more cities into the plan". However, at least five votes would be needed before any mortgage could actually be bought out. North Las Vegas, Nevada[84] and California governments including El Monte[85] Fontana, the city of Ontario and San Bernardino County had considered such plans but decided not to pursue them.[86] The vote made Richmond the first to accept the idea.[85] The plan had been opposed by the vice-mayor and some members of the city council, who said it would "compromise" the city's finances.

Critics of the plan noted that the company Mortgage Resolution Partners stood to potentially profit: it would receive $4,500 from the new lenders for each refinanced mortgage for arranging the financing to purchase the original loans and for handling all legal, administrative, and refinancing operations (an amount matching what lenders are compensated for under the Federal HARP loan modification program). Critics also questioned the inclusion of wealthy neighborhoods such as "the area near the Richmond Country Club".[87] The Western Contra Costa Association of Realtors hired a public relations agency and sent mass mailings[84] warning against the scheme; its advertising was "funded, in part, by more than $70,000 from the California Association of Realtors and the National Associations of Realtors."[88]

Deutsche Bank and Wells Fargo had sued, claiming the program was unconstitutional.[89] "[T]he National Housing Law Project, Housing and Economic Rights Advocates, Bay Area Legal Aid, the Law Foundation of Silicon Valley, and the California Reinvestment Coalition" opposed the suit, calling the banks' request for an injunction against the city "discrimination in violation of the Fair Housing Act".[90]

Supporters of the plan include the Alliance of Californians for Community Empowerment and Robert Hockett, a professor of law at Cornell University.[91]


Many casinos have been proposed for the West Contra Costa area. Point Molate would have a casino, resort, and a luxury shopping mall. Sugar Bowl Casino proposes a casino, a steakhouse, and a buffet promoted by the Pomo Tribe's Scotts Valley Band near the border between North Richmond and the city of Richmond's Parchester Village, whose residents have lauded it as a boon to fighting crime by adding more of a police presence and creating jobs for shiftless youth, but residents from neighboring newly developed sub-divisions along the Richmond Country Club were fervently opposed based on potential losses to property values.[92] Casino San Pablo has already been built in neighboring San Pablo, with 2,500 slots. The projects have been the subject of much civic debate; supporters contend that the often cash-strapped government would get a major new source of revenue, while opponents air their concerns over the ramifications, including an increase in already high crime rates, lowered property values, and worsening neighborhood quality of life.

Point Molate is currently slated to either become a housing and conference center, a casino resort shopping area, or a large regional park.[93]

In 2010, the city approved the environmental review of the plan in which the tribe agreed to contain development of the casino to the footprint of the buildings on the former naval depot site.[94] The lobbying and reports required by Richmond have cost the tribe $15 million.[94] This approval won over the region's strict environmentalists and many council members.[94] Later that year residents were given the opportunity to weigh in on the issue and voted on the non-binding measure U to determine their approval of the project.[94] 58% of voters opposed the $1 billion project.[94] Citing the people's opposition and the inability to negotiate several key points with the developer, the city council voted down the project in 2011.[94] Councilman Nat Bates remained a proponent of the plan with its projected 17,000 jobs, while the remainder of the council was chagrined at the fact that there was no guarantee that the jobs would go to Richmonders.[94] The city of San Pablo, whose lifeline is their card club, Casino San Pablo, was elated. The Guideville Band of Pomo Indians was given the opportunity of 150 days to create a non-casino plan for the site such as alternatives in the environmental report for a convention center, conference center, hotel, spa, and housing.[94]


The Richmond Municipal Natatorium, commonly known as The Plunge, is a public swimming center.

The Richmond city government operates under a council-manager system with seven members (including mayor and vice mayor) elected to alternating four-year terms.[95] Politically, the city is a Democratic stronghold. By the early 1990s, not a single Republican remained on the council. The city council has four African Americans, four whites and two Latinos.

The position of Mayor rotated between members of the Richmond City Council until 1981, when the office became an elected position.[96] George D. Carroll, who was voted by the City Council to become Mayor on July 6, 1964, was described at the time as "the first Negro mayor in California and first in America with the exception of small, scattered all-Negro communities in the Deep South,".[97] George Livingston Sr. was the first elected African American mayor. He served from 1985 to 1993. Rosemary Corbin served as the mayor from 1993 to 2001. The current mayor Eduardo Martinez was elected Mayor of Richmond in 2022, winning 39% of the vote.[98] Prior to winning the mayoral election, he had served on the Richmond City Council since 2014. Martinez is Richmond's first Latino mayor and a vocal critic of Chevron.[99]

Years of political domination by the local firefighters union subsided after an FBI corruption investigation.[100] In the early 2000s Gayle McLaughlin was the first Green elected to the council, with the support of the Richmond Progressive Alliance (RPA), a coalition of liberal Democrats, progressive independents, and Greens. In November 2006, McLaughlin was elected mayor, defeating incumbent first-term Mayor Irma Anderson. During McLaughlin's mayoralty (2007–2015), Richmond was the nation's largest city with a Green Party mayor.[101]

In 2006, the city implemented a computer program that it had ordered from a German firm that provides the city with statistical interactive maps. These maps cover such areas as signage locations, streets, crime hot-spots, and zoning information.[102] In 2007 the city won a contest in which its previously substandard website was upgraded and improved to make it more modern and functional. The prize includes two years of free webmastering.[103]

Mayor McLaughlin and Councilperson Butt opposed Chevron's Renewal Project that would replace their 1950's era Hydrogen Manufacturing plant with a newer more efficient plant and would increase pollution by using dirtier, thicker, but cheaper crude oil.[104]

The city of Richmond has eight community centers which are located within city parks.[43] Many of the city's community centers were closed in the early 2000s following budget miscalculations and financial difficulties. In the 2006 city elections many candidates ran on platforms promising to reopen these community centers, most of which had been closed due to budget cuts. That election also featured a city sales tax increase, Measure Q, which failed.

There are 53 voting precincts in Richmond. Richmond has formerly been home to black culture and activist movements, most notably the Black Panther Party.

Richmond became the first city in the United States to pass a resolution for a ceasefire in the Israel–Hamas war on October 25, 2023, eighteen days after the outbreak of hostilities.[105]


The city has eight cannabis dispensaries, and although the city has passed legislation approving them and has legalized their presence, city management does not accept their legality. In fact, the city had sued to close them. It is trying to enforce an injunction that would suspend their operating licenses.[106] Although the city council has passed an ordinance permitting the dispensaries, city management refuses to cooperate with the spirit of the law because it has yet to take effect.[106] The question remains whether the clubs will be closed before the law allowing them to open takes effect.[106]

In 2019 the city approved "Power Plant Park" a marijuana farm consisting of 45 greenhouses on 18 acres north of North Richmond near Breuner Marsh and a solar farm. It is expected the create 500 new jobs and become a major economic contributor to the city.[107][108]

Political party affiliation[edit]

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Richmond has 52,364 registered voters. Of those, 33,166 (63.3%) are registered Democrats, 2,979 (5.7%) are registered Republicans, 14,108 (26.9%) have declined to state a political party, and 4.1% are registered members of a third party.[109]


De Anza High School, located in Richmond's Eastern Valley area, also serves the nearby unincorporated areas.

The public schools in all portions of Richmond are administered by the West Contra Costa Unified School District,[110] formerly the Richmond Unified School District. There are also many private schools, mostly Catholic schools under the authority of the Diocese of Oakland.

The city has four high schools: De Anza High School, Salesian College Preparatory, Richmond High School, and Kennedy High School. In addition, there are four charter high schools, Making Waves Academy, Aspire Richmond California College Preparatory Academy, Leadership Public Schools: Richmond and West County Community High School, although West County Community High School was shut down in 2012. In 2012, Richmond Charter Academy, part of the Amethod Public Schools system, opened a charter middle school. There are also three middle schools, 16 elementary schools, and seven elementary-middle schools. Richmond also hosts three adult education schools.

The Contra Costa Community College District serves all of Contra Costa County, and Richmonders who decide to attend a community college typically go to Contra Costa College, located in the neighboring city of San Pablo.

79.8% of Richmonders have a high school diploma or equivalent, compared with 84.2% nationally. But 27.1% have a bachelor's degree compared with a statistically similar 27.2% nationally.[78]

Since an exit exam requirement was implemented for California high schools, the CAHSEE, some Richmond high school students have been protesting against it. Some students sued the district in an attempt to eliminate the requirement. In July 2007, a compromise was reached in which the district would provide two additional years of educational assistance for the purposes of passing the exam. That year, only 28% of Richmond High School students had passed the CAHSEE, a prerequisite for graduating.[111]


All Richmond schools have banned junk food, such as candy, soda, Twinkies, pizza, and other similar items in attempt to curb childhood obesity and change children's eating habits. It has been speculated that this was done preemptively, because some believe the state will soon mandate such restrictions.[112] Despite these efforts, soda consumption in Richmond schools has not diminished.[113] Furthermore, the current 32% of Richmond children who are obese will increase the current 24% adult obesity rate to 42% according to the Contra Costa County Health Services.[113] This led the city council to approve a referendum on a 1 cent per ounce tax on beverages with a high sugar content for the 2012 elections, a first in the nation.[113] The measure was opposed by councilmembers Corky Boozé and Nat Bates, who stated that he knew "many obese people that are perfectly healthy" and that it was "elitist" and "targeted black" people respectively.[113] Members Jovanka Beckles and Jeff Ritterman – the latter a cardiologist – expressed horror at the obesity rate. Beckles chastized the other black members (Bates and Boozé) for not supporting the measure, as she found that the epidemic most affected people of color like themselves.[113] The revenues would have been used to counter obesity through health and fitness campaigns and expenditures.[113] The referendum was defeated by voters in the November 2012 election.

Attractions and landmarks[edit]

Selected locations in Richmond, California
  •  Businesses 
  •  Attractions 
  •  Parks 

Chevron Richmond Refinery / Eastern end of the Richmond–San Rafael Bridge
Brickyard Cove / Santa Fe Railroad Depot / Golden State Model Railroad Museum / Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline
Kaiser Shipyard No. 3 & SS Red Oak Victory
Ford Motor Company Assembly Plant / Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park Visitor Center / Lucretia Edwards Park | Harbor Way
Rosie the Riveter Memorial at Marina Bay Park
Macdonald Avenue / Macdonald 80 Shopping Center
Richmond Civic Center
Hilltop Horizon
Point Molate Beach Park
Kaiser Richmond Field Hospital | 1330 Cutting Blvd

The city of Richmond has dozens of parks, national historic parks, and 10 sites listed under the National Register of Historic Places.[114]

Point Richmond[edit]

Point Richmond is one of the city's widely known neighborhoods; the Richmond Chevron Refinery and the marshlands are in the background.

Point Richmond, a neighborhood in Richmond, is known for its small-town appearance. The Point, as it is known by locals, offers owner-operated stores, coffee shops, historic benches, and streetlights. The Masquers Playhouse is a performing arts center that offers shows and productions year round. Hotel Mac is one of the oldest buildings in the area and has classic early 20th century architecture, like many other buildings in the area. There is also The Plunge, a natatorium which had been closed due to seismic safety issues but was re-opened in August 2010 after the retrofitting was completed. The city expressed a desire to demolish the building at one point, but this was halted by the actions of a neighborhood preservation campaign which continues its mission to "Save the Plunge!".

The Richmond–San Rafael Bridge extends 5.5 miles (8.9 km) across San Pablo Bay, entering Richmond just to the north of Point Richmond. The bridge is the origin of the term rollercoaster span, due to its curves, bumps, and appearance, which have also earned the bridge the nickname of the rollercoaster bridge. It was completed in 1957, and connects Contra Costa County with Marin County. Automobiles are charged a $6 toll in the westbound (towards Marin) direction only.

The Richmond Chevron Refinery occupies most of the land north of Point Richmond and the eastern end of the bridge. Some areas of this northern section are protected and publicly accessible, including Point Molate Beach Park, a park on the western coast of Richmond along Western Drive. It was originally a Chinese shrimp camp in the 1870s. On the northern end, near Point San Pablo, there is a yacht harbor that accommodates hundreds of private boats.

Brickyard Cove[edit]

The Ferry Point Tunnel is one of the oldest tunnels in California, connecting Point Richmond with Brickyard Cove to the south. Built in 1899, this structure still gives access to many attractions and neighborhoods in Brickyard Cove. The tunnel goes to the Golden State Railroad Museum, the USS Red Oak Victory, and many beaches and parks, and to Ferry Point where an abandoned ferry-rail pier stands with a historic ferry slip still standing, though somewhat damaged by fire. It can be viewed from an adjacent fishing pier.

Santa Fe Railroad Depot

The Santa Fe Railroad established ferry service to San Francisco in 1900 and later built a station that operated as the western terminus for the railroad from 1903 to 1992. It has now been transformed into a museum to exemplify the feel of the terminal in that era. The Golden State Railroad Museum is a complex series of model railroad layouts in a museum in the Brickyard Cove area of Point Richmond. A visitor can operate trains of various eras, and there are miniature freight and passenger terminals, trestles, tunnels, and meticulously detailed town and city scenes, many of which are copied from real life scenes of the 1950s.

Keller Beach is one of the city's beaches, located at Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline, a park in Brickyard Cove. It offers picnicking, sunbathing, wading, and swimming. The beach is overlooked by vehicles exiting the Brickyard Cove drive, Ferry Point tunnel and houses on the steep cliffs above. The beach, as with most of the cove, offers spectacular panoramic bay views of the Oakland hills, bridges, the San Francisco skyline and the Golden Gate.

Southern waterfront / Shipyards[edit]

The Red Oak Victory at Ferry Point in Brickyard Cove, 2006

Further east, the USS Red Oak Victory is a restored World War II Victory ship, the 558th ship made in Richmond. It is moored in the former Richmond Shipyard No. 3. Liberty and Victory ships built in Richmond transported troops and supplies during World War II.

East across the Harbor/Santa Fe Channel, the Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park is in Richmond, and commemorates women's shipbuilding and support for the war effort in the 1940s. The visitor's center is in a small utility building next to the former Ford Assembly Plant. Regular ferry service is provided to San Francisco from the Richmond Ferry Terminal via San Francisco Bay Ferry.

This area is connected by the San Francisco Bay Trail to several city parks along the waterfront, including Lucretia Edwards Shoreline Park, Marina Bay Park and the Rosie the Riveter Memorial, Barbara and Jay Vincent Park, and Shimada Friendship Park. The Bay Trail continues past these parks further southeast to Point Isabel Regional Shoreline and beyond to parks in El Cerrito, Albany, and Berkeley.

"We Can Do It!" image used in a marker designating the Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park

Civic Center[edit]

During World War II the city sprawled and its population increased dramatically. This led city leaders to construct the Richmond Civic Center in 1957. This center houses the city hall, a small convention center, library, hall of justice, police headquarters, and arts center.

The Richmond Public Library, the only public library independent of the Contra Costa County Public Libraries system, lies in the heart of the civic center. It houses over 204,686 books, 4,014 audio materials, 5,277 video materials, and 491 serial subscriptions.[42]


East Brother Light Station on East Brother Island (one of the Brother Islands) is host to an exclusive bed and breakfast. It is only accessible by private boat. Visitors come and stay for the day and picnic for free or they may pay for a room.

The Brooks Island Regional Preserve is on an island south of the Shipyards.


The city is also home to a radio controlled model airplane airport, Breuner Airfield that is located in Breuner Marsh a contested piece of land near Point Pinole Regional Park in the Parchester Village neighborhood.

The city's cemeteries include Rolling Hills Memorial Park and St. Joseph Cemetery.

Leisure and culture[edit]

Several regional parks administered by the East Bay Regional Park District lie within the city, including the Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline and the Point Pinole Regional Shoreline. They are linked by the San Francisco Bay Trail. Part of the former shipyard is now a marina.

The Richmond Art Center, founded by Hazel Salmi in 1936, is one of the oldest continually operating non-profit art centers on the entire West Coast of the United States. Its programming includes exhibitions, adult and youth education, and community initiatives. The center currently provides some of the only visual arts education programming in the city of Richmond, relying primarily on public donations and private grants as its means of support.

There is also the East Bay Center for the Performing Arts, Hilltop Multiplex, or Masquers Theaters in Point Richmond.

The Richmond Progressive Alliance and California Green Party are active political parties in Richmond. The House Rabbit Society has its national headquarters in Richmond.


Richmond is home to the National Institute of Art and Disabilities Art Center, also known locally as the NIAD Art Center. NIAD is a non-profit organization hosting over sixty client artists weekly. NIAD's client artists' work can be seen at NIAD's on-site gallery, the Florence Ludins-Katz Gallery. NIAD has a gift shop.

The [1] is a contemporary visual arts center, with a gallery and art classes in the heart of Richmond. A showcase for emerging and established artists, the Richmond Art Center hosts the annual "The Art of Living Black", art show which is a showcase of the artwork of Bay Area Black Artists. "Featuring over 50 local artists, the works include fine arts and crafts, paintings, sculpture, photography, prints, masks, stained glass, quilts, textile art, ceramics, jewelry and dolls." [115] The beauty, the pain, the power and the eye of these black artists touch the soul deeply. Founded in 1936 by local artist Hazel Salmi, the Richmond Art Center is a Bay Area cultural institution.

In addition, East Bay Center for the Performing Arts has maintained its roots in the Richmond community since 1968. The Center engages youth and young adults in imagining and creating new worlds for themselves and new visions for their communities through the inspiration and discipline of rigorous training in world performance traditions.

The Hyphy subculture and subgenre of rap music originated in Richmond and surrounding cities.[116]

From 1996 to 2002 a "geekfest" was held on the beach in Point Molate every few weeks or monthly by S.P.A.M. Records. The festival was a community service for under-21-year-olds.[citation needed]


There are dozens of houses of worship for various religions in the city, and some which are not represented in the city can be found nearby. Christian denominational churches include the Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses; Word of Faith church; St. Peters C.M.E.; Kingdom Land Baptist Church; Grace Baptist Church; Grace Lutheran Church; Grace Lao Lutheran Church; Temple Baptist Church; Unity Church of Richmond; Holy Trinity Episcopal Church; First Mexican Baptist Church; Holy Mission Christian Center; St. David Catholic Church, Greater New Bethel Apostolic Ministries, formerly New Bethel Church of God in Christ, founded by Bishop A.D. Bradley in 1945; Faith Temple C.O.G.I.C., and Faith Tabernacle A.O.H. Church Of God; and the Largest Church in Richmond, Hilltop Community Church which is Assemblies of God. There is also a large Laotian Buddhist temple that serves as a community center for the Lao community of the East Bay. There is a synagogue in the Hilltop Green District.[117]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Beachgoers wading at Keller Beach in Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline in southern Richmond between Point Richmond and Brickyard Cove

The city has 292.6 acres (1.2 km2) of parkland, which constitutes 1.5% of the city's land territory. The Rosie the Riveter World War II Home Front National Historical Park was established in 2000, encompassing the former Kaiser shipyards and other wartime industrial sites in Richmond. The park is a memorial to the six million women who labored on the home front, symbolized by the mythical figure "Rosie the Riveter". Richmond was selected for the park because it has many intact buildings that were constructed for 56 wartime industries. Its four shipyards produced an amazing 747 large ships and set production records. The home front changed Richmond from a predominantly rural community of 23,600 residents to a diverse population of over 100,000 people within a year. Industries operated around the clock and public housing, schools, day care centers, health care and merchants mobilized to support the new workforce that arrived on the city's doorstep. Fortunately, Richmond's turbulent and productive home front years were well chronicled and photographed. The National Park Service provides interpretive services and operates a Visitor Center in a former utility building next to the Ford Assembly Building.

Richmond also has number of local parks and two large regional parks are under the authority of the East Bay Regional Parks District, a consortium of most of the Parks and Recreation lands and facilities of Alameda and Contra Costa County.

Wildcat Canyon Regional Park is the city's largest park at 2,428 acres (10 km2). The park once housed a dance hall and roller rink and has distinctive stonework throughout, which was the rationale for its placement on the National Register of Historic Places.[118] It features San Pablo Creek, trails, forests, horseback riding, picnic areas, and a play structure for children, as well as horses for rent and mountain biking trails. High school students practice cross-country in the park. It is situated in the eastern Richmond hills and stretches into Berkeley's Tilden Regional Park in Alameda County. The park has diverse animal and plant life including great horned owls, opossums, king snakes, rubber boas, turkey vultures and many others.

Point Isabel Regional Shoreline is the largest off-leash dog park in the United States.[119]

The Richmond Greenway is a project costing millions of dollars to transform an old rail line into a walking, jogging, and biking trail. It will span east to west from the end of the Ohlone Trail that follows the BART line from El Cerrito to Berkeley. It will also follow the BART line to Richmond station and continue to Point Richmond. Pedestrian bridges will be used to cross major avenues such as San Pablo Avenue and 23rd Street. An additional side project will add a bike lane/bike trail between the Richmond Greenway and the Ohlone trail at Potrero Avenue via 23rd Street, Carlson Boulevard, Cutting Boulevard, and Potrero. It is currently under construction.

Richmond is home to four marinas: the Brickyard Cove Yacht Club, Point San Pablo Yacht Club, Marina Bay Marina, and Channel Marina in the Santa Fe channel. In addition, Richmond has the "Richmond Plunge", a municipal natatorium dating back to 1926 and which reopened August 14, 2010. The pool is located in the Point Richmond neighborhood.

Richmond as seen from Wildcat Canyon Regional Park

Celebrations and conferences[edit]

The city has annual Juneteenth and Cinco de Mayo celebrations.[120] The Cinco de Mayo celebrations sponsored by the 23rd Street Merchant's Association attracts thousands and closes the entire length of the roadway.[120] The Richmond Police Department, Fire Brigade, United States Marine Corps and other organizations participate in the parade.[120] This is in addition to a fireworks show at Marina Bay celebrating the July 4 and a Silly Parade, an event where people march down the street and generally act "weird" and silly.[121] The city also participates in various Earth Day activities.[122] The city hosts an annual and a physical activity and nutrition forum to discuss health in the community, it has been running since 2006.[123] In 2010 the city began celebrating the Richmond Native American Pow-Wow in Nicholl Park, in 2012 this included area politicians and members of over 50 tribes from throughout the country.[124]



There are two African American weekly newspapers, one general interest online publication, and one multimedia news project that cover Richmond exclusively. The Richmond Post and Richmond Globe publish print and online editions. RichmondConfidential.org, which is run by the UC Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism, is a general interest online-only news publication serving the city of Richmond. Richmond Pulse is a youth-led print and online publication which focuses on community health. The West County Times, run by Media News Group, covers greater Contra Costa County.


A local cable TV station, KCRT-TV, mainly plays historical archives but also airs government-access television (GATV), city council meetings and music videos.


KKSF (AM) transmits from towers at Point Isabel.[125]


Aerial view of Richmond from the west, with the Richmond–San Rafael Bridge, the Port of Richmond, and the petroleum ship terminals

Port of Richmond[edit]

The Port of Richmond, located in along the city's southern coast beside the Richmond Inner Harbor, handles the third-largest shipping tonnage in California annually,[126] a total of 19 million short tons. It ranks number one for ports of the San Francisco Bay for vehicles and liquid bulk.[126] In addition to these commodities, the port can also handle dry-bulk, break-bulk, and containers. Seven of the terminals are city-owned, in addition to five dry docks, while there are 11 privately owned terminals. The port is served by a rail network operated by four major rail companies.[17]


Highways and expressways[edit]

Looking south above Interstate 80, the Eastshore Freeway, on a Saturday afternoon. Emeryville, California, is at the towers. To the right is the east shore of the San Francisco Bay.
  • Interstate 80 cuts through the eastern and northeastern portions of the city, through a mostly residential area, connecting to Pinole, Hercules and then on to Vallejo via the Carquinez Bridge in the eastbound direction, and through Albany, Berkeley, Emeryville and eventually terminating in San Francisco via the Bay Bridge in the westbound direction. The weekday westbound morning commute on I-80 through Richmond lies within the most congested stretch of freeway in the Bay Area, according to Caltrans, and has been ranked as such since 2001.[127]

Major trunk streets[edit]

  • Macdonald Avenue is the "Main Street" of Richmond, running east–west from Atchison Village through downtown to San Pablo Avenue in the North & East neighborhood. In 2010, it was repaved and refitted with new lampposts, street furniture, business façades, landscaping and trees.
  • Cutting Boulevard parallels Macdonald Avenue to the south, traveling from Point Richmond to Arlington Ave. near the top of the hills. It is a busy commercial and commute route. In 1990, a major improvement program was designed by the city also involving Knox Freeway. It is named after the founder of the Port of Richmond, Henry Cutting.
  • 23rd Street runs through the heart of the city north–south from where it turns to Marina Bay Parkway at I-580 through this heavily Latino business district and neighborhood to San Pablo Avenue in the city of San Pablo.
  • Barrett Avenue parallels Macdonald Ave two blocks north; it is slightly less traveled and has less activity than Macdonald.
  • Marina Bay Parkway serves as a link between I-580 and the Marina Bay neighborhood, it turns into 23rd street after crossing 580.
  • Marina Way and Harbour Way/Harbour Way South (formerly 14th Street and 10th Street, respectively) run north–south.
  • Giant Highway, named for the former Giant Powder Company, runs in the northern part of town between San Pablo Avenue and the Leroy Heights neighborhood.
  • Hilltop Drive is a trunk street which runs from Richmond Parkway, crosses San Pablo Avenue, passes The Shops at Hilltop and continues over Interstate 80 into the neighboring city of El Sobrante.
  • Carlson Boulevard (formerly Pullman Avenue) is the primary access from Downtown Richmond to the Richmond Annex neighborhood, starting from 23rd Street and terminating at San Pablo Avenue just north of the Alameda–Contra Costa county boundary, feeding into the El Cerrito Plaza shopping center.

Public transportation[edit]

The city's primary transportation hub is Richmond station. It is served by Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) Red Line and Orange Line service, plus Amtrak Capitol Corridor, San Joaquins, and California Zephyr regional rail and intercity rail service.

The primary bus service in Richmond is operated by AC Transit, which runs 14 bus lines in the city. Service includes a number of local routes, rapid route 72R along San Pablo Avenue, transbay commuter service across the Bay Bridge to the Transbay Transit Center and limited All-Nighter service. Additional local service is operated by WestCAT, including a park and ride facility at the Richmond Parkway Transit Center. Bear Transit provides commuter and student service from El Cerrito del Norte BART station and UC Berkeley to the UC Field Station in Campus Bay on route RFS.[128] Several regional bus operators serve El Cerrito del Norte station (just south of Richmond) rather than Richmond station because of the former station's proximity to I-80.

Before AC Transit and BART, the Key System provided a network of several rail lines on the East Shore and Suburban Railway.[129]

Commercial and cargo rail[edit]

The Union Pacific Railroad (UP) has a mainline passing through Richmond. This line was formerly operated by the Southern Pacific Railroad (SP).

The BNSF Railway (BNSF) has a yard and that serves as the Northern California terminus of their line that goes to their main classification yard at Barstow via the San Joaquin Valley. The track was formerly operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (ATSF). Many years ago, the ATSF offered rail car ferry service from Point Richmond to San Francisco. The partially burnt remnants of the ferry pier can still be seen at Point Richmond.

The Richmond Pacific Railroad (RPRC) is a class III shortline railroad operating on 2.5 miles (4.0 km) of track, providing switching services at Richmond's wharves. The RPRC is owned by the Levin-Richmond Terminal Corporation and was formerly known as the Parr Terminal Railroad (PRT).


Richmond Ferry Terminal

The San Francisco Bay Ferry relaunched ferry service to the San Francisco Ferry Building in January 2019. The service runs from the Craneway Pavilion in Marina Bay to the San Francisco Ferry Building seven days a week, with lower frequency on the weekends as opposed to higher volume weekday commutes. Schedules call for a 35-minute commute from the Marina Bay Terminal to San Francisco Ferry Building in either direction.[130]

Historically, Richmond had commuter ferry service from the Richmond Ferry Terminal to the San Francisco Ferry Building on weekdays and Fisherman's Wharf on weekends in addition to special Giants Ballpark service during the baseball season. The voyage took approximately 45 minutes each way. The service began in 1999, but was discontinued in the late 2000s in the economic downturn following the dot-com bust. Ferry ridership plummeted and the service became economically unsustainable, which led Red and White Fleet to discontinue the service. The Richmond ferry terminal is at Ford Point located adjacent to the historic Ford Plant in Marina Bay which is now open as an industrial park and under renovation. The terminal had its own dedicated AC Transit feeder service from Point Richmond and downtown Richmond with route 374 also now discontinued.[131][132][133] A new ferry service from Richmond is planned for 2018 by the San Francisco Bay Area Water Transit Authority. The new ferry will take only half an hour to San Francisco and will use the existing terminal and parking facilities at Ford Point in Marina Bay.[134] The San Francisco Bay Ferry relaunched ferry service to the San Francisco Ferry Building in January 2019.

Pedestrian and bike lanes[edit]

The city has aggressively developed its portions of the San Francisco Bay Trail and has more than any other city at present. The total length is 17 miles (27 km)[135] and more is to be built. The city is also currently developing the Richmond Greenway a rails to trails project running parallel to Macdonald Avenue which will feed into the Ohlone Trail which serves as feeder service for the El Cerrito del Norte BART station. There is also the Hercules Bikeway connecting the Ohlone Trail with Hercules, which runs along the neighborhoods of East Richmond and El Sobrante. There is a trail under construction along Wildcat Creek to connect the Bay Trail and Wildcat Marsh with Wildcat Canyon Regional Park. The city also has many miles of trails in that park in addition to Miller/Knox, Point Isabel, and Point Pinole parks, among others.

Municipal services[edit]

Dozens of parks are run by the Richmond Parks & Recreation Department. The Richmond Civic Center is currently undergoing a seismic upgrade and renovations program. Some buildings are being refurbished while other buildings will be replaced.[136]

Richmond is also home to the West County Detention Facility in the Point Pinole area. It is a male and female county jail.

RichmondWorks and Richmond Summer YouthWorks are city programs that aim to decrease unemployment and crime and have led to hundreds receiving employment at area retail businesses.[137]

Richmond's waste disposal and recycling is handled by the Richmond Sanitary Service. Water is provided by the East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD), while sewers are operated by the city government. The city's electricity and gas is provided by the Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E).

Sewage is largely handed by the Richmond Sewage Treatment Plant in Point Richmond.[138]

Medical and trauma patients are transported by American Medical Response Paramedics and EMTs.[43]

Fire Department[edit]

Richmond Fire Department
Operational area
CountryUnited States
Agency overview[139]
Fire chiefAdrian Sheppard
EMS levelBLS
Facilities and equipment[139]
Official website

The Richmond Fire Department is the fire and rescue service for Richmond, and by contract with Contra Costa County it also serves East Richmond Heights, and North Richmond.[140] The department is responsible for an area of 56.1 square miles (145 km2).[139] The department has seven fire stations in the city.

RFD station 66 in North & East

In September 2002 the city coordinated an eight alarm fire call at the Richmond Sanitary Service landfill.[141] After putting the fire out steam continued to spew forcing crews to remain on site for hours to water the still heated area in order to prevent reignition.[141]

Police department[edit]

The Richmond Police Department, first organized in 1909,[142] is now headquartered at the Richmond Civic Center. The building was recently renovated, and is LEED certified.[143]

Notable people[edit]



  • Also connected to Master P: Silkk Tha Shocker, Lil Romeo, both relatives/associates of Master P, and Big Ed (formerly under Master P's No Limit Records) were residents of Richmond



Richmond Heights as seen from North & East at the dawn of the 20th century

Richmond has many distinct neighborhoods. The city can roughly be divided into the northern Hilltop/El Sobrante, eastern Central/East Richmond, downtown/Iron Triangle and Southern Point Richmond/Marina Bay areas.

In literature and film[edit]


  • Cole, Susan D. (1980). Richmond – Windows to the Past. Richmond, CA: Wildcat Canyon Books. ISBN 0936034009. An oral history based photographic history.
  • Sutherland, Anne (1986). Gypsies: The Hidden Americans. Waveland Press. ISBN 9780881332353. This book is an anthropological study of a group of Romani Americans living in Richmond (Barvale), California; based on fieldwork done during 1968–1970.[166]
  • Polese, James (1995). Tales from the Iron Triangle: Boyhood Days in the San Francisco Bay Area of the 1920s. Ocean Tree Books. ISBN 9780943734125.
  • Lange, Dorothea (1995). Photographing the Second Gold Rush: Dorothea Lange and the East Bay at War, 1941-1945. Charles Wollenberg (contributions). Heyday Books. ISBN 9780930588786.
  • In Contempt (Mass Market Paperback) by Christopher A. Darden, Jess Walter, ReganBooks; Reprint edition (February 1997) (Christopher Darden, one of the prosecutors in the criminal case against O.J. Simpson, grew up in Richmond.)
  • Moore, Shirley Ann Wilson (2001). To Place Our Deeds: The African American Community in Richmond, California, 1910–1963. George Gund Foundation imprint in African American studies. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520229204.
  • Bastin, Donald (2003). Richmond. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738528588.
  • Brown, Rodney (2013). If My Eyes Could Rewind: The Real Richmond, California story. SEP Publishing. ISBN 9780988845121.[167]
  • Early, Steve (2017). Refinery Town: Big Oil, Big Money, and the Remaking of an American City. Bernie Sanders (contribution). Beacon Press. ISBN 9780807094273.
  • The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America by Richard Rothstein (2017)

Film and television[edit]

  • The film documentary "Enough is Enough: Live From Tent City in Richmond, CA," details a grassroots movement of Richmond city residents to fight violence on their streets.[168]
  • Much of the movie Tucker: The Man and His Dream was filmed at the National Preservation Award-winning Ford Assembly Building, now commonly referred to as Ford Point.[169]
  • Many scenes from the Robin Williams film, Patch Adams were filmed during a week in Point Richmond.[170]
  • The basketball movie, Coach Carter although filmed across the bay in San Francisco was based on the story of the Richmond High School Basketball team being benched for poor grades despite an undefeated season.
  • In the TV show The Game, character Latasha "Tasha" Mack grew up in Richmond.
  • Many parts of the Mel Gibson movie Forever Young were filmed in Point Richmond.[171]
  • DeVry College has made a commercial showing businesses along San Pablo Avenue in Richmond.
  • Kaiser Permanente made a commercial showing a man riding a bicycle in Point Richmond.
  • In the 2002 movie, The Sweetest Thing starring Cameron Diaz and Christina Applegate, the town of Somerset, where an important wedding scene takes place, includes filming in the historic Point Richmond district (not the church itself however).

Sister cities[edit]

Richmond, California has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
  2. ^ "Government". Richmond, California. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  3. ^ "City Council". Richmond, California. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
  4. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  5. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  6. ^ "California's 8th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 12, 2023.
  7. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d "Richmond". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  9. ^ "Richmond (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 1, 2012. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder – Results". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 16, 2015. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  12. ^ a b "FIPS55 Data: California". geonames.usgs.gov. United States Geological Survey. February 23, 2006. Archived from the original on June 18, 2006. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  13. ^ "City of Richmond". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  14. ^ East Shore and Suburban Railway Chronology Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, El Cerrito Historical Society, June 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  15. ^ "Richmond city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  16. ^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 689. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  17. ^ a b "History of Richmond". City of Richmond. Retrieved June 25, 2007.
  18. ^ "Chochenyo – Survey of California and Other Indian Language". University of California, Berkeley. 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
  19. ^ Controlled burning as harvesting, Brown 1973:3,4,25; Levy 1978:491; Stanger, 1969:94; Bean and Lawton, 1973:11,30,39 (Lewis). Quotation, "A rough husbandry of the land", Brown 1973:4. Seafood, nuts and seeds, Levy 1978:491–492. Trapped small animals, Milliken, 1995:18. Food maintenance and natural resource management, Teixeira, 1997:2.
  20. ^ a b c d Roselius, Donna. "A Brief History of Point Richmond". The Point Richmond History Association. Retrieved March 9, 2023.
  21. ^ Mallory, Jim (July 6, 2002). "Going Wiggy over Wig-Wags – Pt. Richmond's Wig-Wag Controversy". BayCrossings.com. Archived from the original on June 8, 2007. Retrieved May 18, 2007.
  22. ^ Perrigan, Dana (June 29, 2008). "Where we live. Steeped in history, Richmond looks forward". San Francisco Chronicle. SFGate. Retrieved December 11, 2011. Richmond was home to the world's largest winery, called Winehaven, until the federal government enacted Prohibition in 1919.
  23. ^ "Pullman Shop official website". Pullmanshops.com. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  24. ^ Hughes, Lyn. "A. Philip Randolph Pullman Porter Museum official website". Aphiliprandolphmuseum.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  25. ^ "Pullman & the African-American Experience". The Pullman State Historic Site. Archived from the original on September 7, 2013. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  26. ^ Shirley Ann Wilson Moore (April 13, 2001). To Place Our Deeds: The African American Community in Richmond, California, 1910-1963. University of California Press. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-520-22920-4.
  27. ^ "National Register Information System – Ford Motor Company Assembly Plant (#88000919)". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. November 2, 2013.
  28. ^ Said, Carolyn (November 14, 2010). "Ford Point bringing new life to Richmond". Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  29. ^ "Richmond's Historic Ford Point Building Craneway, Bay Crossings, November 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 14, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  30. ^ Graves, Donna (July 2004). Mapping Richmond's World War II Home Front (PDF) (Report). National Park Service, Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park. Retrieved March 8, 2023.
  31. ^ "Rosie the Riveter – World War II Home Front National Historical Park: World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area". National Park Service. Retrieved June 26, 2007.
  32. ^ Hendricks, Rickey (1993). A Model for National Health Care: The History of Kaiser Permanente. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. pp. 40–47, 63.
  33. ^ "City of Richmond, Contra Costa County". Bay Area Census. Retrieved March 15, 2023.
  34. ^ a b Geluardi, John (May 1, 2007). "Son of King shining light on poor". East Bay Times. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
  35. ^ "Richmond Has Second Night Of Disturbances". Santa Cruz Sentinel. AP. June 27, 1968. Retrieved March 15, 2023.
  36. ^ Schmidt-Hopper, Elly (December 21, 2014). "Long neglected, Richmond's downtown is being slowly reborn". Richmond Confidential. Retrieved March 15, 2023.
  37. ^ Bastin, Donalsd (Winter 2010). "The Travalini Furniture Store Fire: The Rest of the Story" (PDF). The Mirror. Vol. 58, no. 3. The Richmond Museum Association. Retrieved March 15, 2023.
  38. ^ Fei, Fan (October 21, 2014). "Once full of shoppers, and hopes, Hilltop Mall faces an uncertain future". Richmond Confidential. Retrieved March 15, 2023.
  39. ^ Graff, Amy (April 23, 2021). "Hilltop Mall is dead: What's up next for the East Bay property?". SF Gate. Retrieved March 15, 2023.
  40. ^ "Proposed State Route 93 - Richmond Parkway". AA Roads. Retrieved March 15, 2023.
  41. ^ "TTCA Welcomes the City of Richmond Into the California Main Street Program" (Press release). Business Wire. December 13, 2007. Archived from the original on November 21, 2007. Retrieved May 24, 2007.
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Richmond, California (CA 94850) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". www.city-data.com. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  43. ^ a b c City of Richmond Geographic Information System Viewer Archived August 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved August 1, 2007.
  44. ^ a b c Average Weather for Richmond, California, Weather.com. Archived May 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  45. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  46. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 26, 2022.
  47. ^ "Point Isabel Regional Shoreline". East Bay Parks. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  48. ^ DelVecchio, Rick (April 22, 2005). "Born to be wild trout: Local fish goes global". SFGATE. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  49. ^ Spawners, Our Watershed Archived July 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved July 26, 2007.
  50. ^ "POINT RICHMOND / Young whale washes up in East Bay / Baby gray unrelated to the 2 humpbacks wandering the delta". May 25, 2007.
  51. ^ Beached whale's carcass to be towed to sea for burial. Retrieved June 7, 2007. [dead link]
  52. ^ CoCo County Pays $18K To Remove Whale Carcass. Archived June 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved June 7, 2007.
  53. ^ Burial at sea for hulkRed tape delayed earlier disposition of rotting remains. Archived June 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved June 7, 2007.
  54. ^ "Save the Bay and Creeks to the Bay vision for the Eastshore State Park". people.well.com. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  55. ^ "Air Pollution in the Bay Area's Refinery Corridor". FracTracker Alliance. April 29, 2016. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
  56. ^ Sewage Leaks Archived August 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Richmond Councilman Tom Butt can't keep his mouth shut, bless him. Wikipedians poke at Dick Pombo's bio; and mystery fliers sully mayor's race, by Will Harper, East Bay Express, March 1, 2006. Retrieved August 1, 2007.
  57. ^ "New 10.5 megawatt solar farm opens on site of former Chevron landfill in Richmond". East Bay Times. April 18, 2018.
  58. ^ Zamora, Jim Herron (June 17, 2005). "RICHMOND / 4 on council call for a state of emergency / The idea is to raise $2 million to fight violent crime wave". SFGATE. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  59. ^ "By the numbers: Here are the 'most dangerous' cities in America". May 8, 2015.
  60. ^ "Office of Neighborhood Safety". Richmond, California – Official Website. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
  61. ^ Murphy, Tim (August 2014). "Did This City Bring Down Its Murder Rate by Paying People Not to Kill?". Mother Jones. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
  62. ^ Jason Motlagh (Director) (June 6, 2014). "A city that pays criminals to behave". America Tonight. Al Jazeera America. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
  63. ^ The Iron Triangle: Richmond's Forgotten Neighborhood, North Gate News Online. Archived June 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  64. ^ Romney, Lee (May 2, 2015). "Homicide rates drop as Richmond chief builds bond with community". Los Angeles Times.
  65. ^ Malfunction Causes Emergency Warning Siren to Go Off in Richmond Archived July 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. KRON News. April 12, 2011. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
  66. ^ Pimentel, Benjamin (September 17, 1999). "Chevron Fined Over March Blast, Fire / Firm may fight $31,000 citation by Cal-OSHA". SFGATE. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  67. ^ Taking the Toxic Tour Archived November 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Commongroundmag.com, Common Ground Magazine, February 2005.
  68. ^ Oil Spill Information Archived January 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, City of Richmond website. Retrieved December 18, 2007.
  69. ^ Richmond Sinkhole Fix Could Cost $7.5 Million Archived May 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, CBS Local News, April 28, 2010. Retrieved August 12, 2010.
  70. ^ "Richmond, CA - Official Website - Chevron Refinery Fire". Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
  71. ^ "Decennial Census by Decade". United States Census Bureau.
  72. ^ a b "P2: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Richmond city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  73. ^ a b "P2: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Richmond city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  74. ^ "P004: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2000: DEC Summary File 1 – Richmond city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  75. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Richmond city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  76. ^ "Richmond's African-American population declining". Bay Area News Group at East Bay Times. May 22, 2015. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  77. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  78. ^ a b Richmond Fact Sheet Archived November 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, U.S. Census Bureau.
  79. ^ Richmond, California entry Archived January 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, MLA Data Center. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
  80. ^ "City of Richmond 2020-2021 CAFR". Retrieved October 27, 2022.
  81. ^ 23rd Street Corridor Visioning and Form-Based Code: Charette Summary Report Richmond, California Archived May 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. City of Richmond website. August 26, 2009. Retrieved May 22, 2011.
  82. ^ "Macdonald 80 Shopping Center: Draft Initial Study/Mitigated Negative Declaration". Pacific Municipal Consultants. June 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 28, 2007.
  83. ^ Said, Carolyn (September 11, 2013). "Richmond to move forward with eminent domain plan". blog.sfgate.com. Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved September 11, 2013. Richmond's City Council voted 4-3 early Wednesday morning to continue exploring the use of eminent domain for underwater mortgages [...]
  84. ^ a b Rogers, Robert (September 7, 2013). "Both sides in Richmond eminent domain plan set for showdown at City Council meeting". Contra Costa Times. Retrieved September 11, 2013. Any vote to seize assets through eminent domain requires a supermajority of the council, per state law, meaning that five of Richmond's seven council members would need to agree.
  85. ^ a b "Calif. city moves ahead with eminent domain plan". Anchorage Daily News. Associated Press. September 11, 2013. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
  86. ^ MacDuff, Cassie (September 6, 2013). "MORTGAGES: Eminent domain plan didn't fly in Inland area". Press-Enterprise blog. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
  87. ^ Joffe, Marc (September 5, 2013). "Richmond, CA's Eminent Domain Mortgage Scheme Could Set An Ugly National Precedent". Forbes. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
  88. ^ Palomino, Joaquin (September 10, 2013). "Realtors and residents debate Richmond&'s eminent domain plan". Richmond Confidential.
  89. ^ "Richmond Reconsidering Eminent Domain Plan For Underwater Homeowners". cbslocal.com. CBS San Francisco and Bay City News Service. September 10, 2013. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
  90. ^ "Fair Housing Groups Ask Court to Deny Banks' Effort to Stop Richmond's Mortgage Rescue Plan". RealEstateRama. September 10, 2013. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
  91. ^ Hopkins, Megan (September 10, 2013). "City council to vote on Richmond eminent domain proposal". HousingWire. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
  92. ^ Vega, Cecilia M. (October 14, 2004). "RICHMOND / Neighbors at odds over casino plan / Proposal pits poor community against new subdivision". SFGATE. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  93. ^ DelVecchio, Rick (April 9, 2001). "Time Bomb Or Treasure / Old Navy depot at Point Molate has stunning views for housing but is loaded with environmental red flags". SFGATE. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  94. ^ a b c d e f g h Jones, Carolyn (April 6, 2011). "Richmond rejects tribe's plans for casino resort". SFGATE. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  95. ^ "Richmond Government". City of Richmond. Archived from the original on June 23, 2007. Retrieved June 27, 2007.
  96. ^ Jones, Carolyn (January 11, 2012). "George Livingston, Richmond's 1st black elected mayor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  97. ^ "Negro Councilman Elevated to Richmond Mayor's Post", Oakland Tribune, July 7, 1964, p19.
  98. ^ https://www.kqed.org/elections/results/contracosta
  99. ^ https://www.kqed.org/news/11933240/a-progressive-vision-for-richmond-mayor-elect-eduardo-martinez-talks-about-what-lies-ahead
  100. ^ Hallissy, Erin (December 13, 1999). "'TeflonDon' Faces FBI Probe in Richmond". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
  101. ^ Johnson, Jason B. (January 10, 2007). "Green Party mayor takes the reins". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on February 7, 2007. Retrieved June 26, 2007.
  102. ^ "Esri News – ArcNews Winter 2002/2003 Issue – The City of Richmond, California, Implements Enterprise Framework". www.esri.com. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  103. ^ Grand Prize-Winning "Extreme Makeover" Website Is Unveiled! Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, CivicPlus, January 5, 2007. Retrieved June 24, 2007.
  104. ^ Johnson, Chip. "California city questions Chevron's refinery upgrade". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved June 25, 2007.
  105. ^ Alvarez, Amaray (October 25, 2023). "Richmond City Council passes controversial resolution supporting Gaza that draws hundreds to meeting". Richmond Confidential. Retrieved March 23, 2024.
  106. ^ a b c Weber, Alex (July 22, 2010). "Will Richmond close its pot clubs before its new law goes into effect?". East Bay Express.
  107. ^ "'PowerPlant Park' Could Make Richmond The Cannabis Capital Of Contra Costa County". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  108. ^ "PowerPlant Park Project | Richmond, CA - Official Website". www.ci.richmond.ca.us. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  109. ^ "CA Secretary of State – Report of Registration – February 10, 2019" (PDF). ca.gov. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  110. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Contra Costa County, CA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 25, 2022.
  111. ^ Richmond students protest Exit Exam results Archived October 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Oroville Mercury Register, June 7, 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
  112. ^ Contra Costa, Calif., School District Bans Soda, Junk Food, by Kara Shire, Contra Costa Times, August 30, 2003. Retrieved May 24, 2007.
  113. ^ a b c d e f Kenyon, Alexis (December 12, 2011). "City Council moves forward with soda tax". Richmond Confidential. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  114. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  115. ^ "Current Exhibitions – Richmond Art Center". Therac.org. September 18, 1980. Archived from the original on May 11, 2013. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  116. ^ Burke, Garance (December 30, 2006). "Hip-hop stunt 'recipe for disaster'". Los Angeles Times.
  117. ^ Chris Treadway: Richmond temple plans Holocaust remembrance event, Chris Treadway, Contra Costa Times, April 16, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2012
  118. ^ "Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline | East Bay Regional Parks". Ebparks.org. Archived from the original on February 11, 2013. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  119. ^ Martin, Glen (August 16, 2004). "EAST BAY PARKS AT 70 / Point Isabel Shoreline the largest off-leash dog park in the nation". SFGATE. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  120. ^ a b c Trytko, Kornelia (May 2, 2011). "Thousands celebrate Cinco de Mayo in Richmond". Richmond Confidential. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  121. ^ "Richmond United in Silly Parade". Richmondconfidential.org. April 4, 2011. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  122. ^ Trytko, Kornelia (April 26, 2011). "Earth Day celebrations bring Richmond together". Richmond Confidential. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  123. ^ Physical Activity and Nurtrition Forum Flyer 2011. Archived March 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine 2011.
  124. ^ Whitney, Spencer (June 25, 2012). "Pow-Wow in Richmond honors Native American culture". Richmond Confidential. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  125. ^ "Feature Detail Report for: KNEW-AM (Oakland)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved August 10, 2008.
  126. ^ a b "Richmond, California – Official Website – Port Operations". City of Richmond. Retrieved June 26, 2007.
  127. ^ "Bay Area Freeway Congestion Up for Third Straight Year in 2006". Metropolitan Transportation Commission. June 18, 2007. Archived from the original on June 26, 2007. Retrieved June 26, 2007.
  128. ^ RFS schedule Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Bear Transit website
  129. ^ keysystemmap.gif Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, BayRails. Retrieved August 13, 2007.
  130. ^ "Richmond Ferry Route | San Francisco Bay Ferry".
  131. ^ "MTC – News – Transactions". Mtc.ca.gov. September 7, 2010. Archived from the original on December 9, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  132. ^ Cabanatuan, Michael (September 27, 1999). "Richmond Ferry to Sail / Commuter line to commence amid criticism of bay plan". SFGATE. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  133. ^ Pimentel, Benjamin (October 6, 1999). "Richmond Ferry Wins Praise But Few Riders". SFGATE. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  134. ^ http://www.eastbaytimes.com/2016/11/15/commuter-ferry-service-from-richmond-launched/Water Transit Authority Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  135. ^ 2007 State of the City Address Archived May 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, by Gayle McLaughlin, March 6, 2007, Gayle McGlaughlin website. Retrieved August 3, 2007.
  136. ^ Civic Center Revitalization Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Mitigative and negative declaration, City of Richmond website. Retrieved August 1, 2007.
  137. ^ "Operation Safe Homes". The U.S. Conference of Mayors. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved June 27, 2007.
  138. ^ Richmond wastewater treatment plant to resume operations amid controversy. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 28, 2011.
  139. ^ a b c "Department Facts". City of Richmond. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  140. ^ "Richmond Fire Department". Ci.richmond.ca.us. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  141. ^ a b "Bay Area Briefs". Berkeley Daily Planet. September 24, 2002. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
  142. ^ "A Century of Service | Richmond, CA - Official Website".
  143. ^ "Public Safety Police Department". Archived from the original on November 14, 2008. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
  144. ^ Regional News Archived October 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, California Track and Running News
  145. ^ Raiders.com Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Courtney Anderson profile. Retrieved June 23, 2007.
  146. ^ NFL.com Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, 2007 Draft: Prospect Profiles, Courtney Anderson. Retrieved June 23, 2007.
  147. ^ Coach Carter movie official website Archived May 31, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, CoachCarter.com. Retrieved May 17, 2007.
  148. ^ "Ricky Jordan Stats, Height, Weight, Position, Rookie Status & More". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  149. ^ Willie McGee Goes to Bat for Students Archived September 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, by Jason B. Johnson, reprinted with the permission of the San Francisco Chronicle, January 29, 2005. Retrieved January 29, 2009.
  150. ^ Master P#Professional basketball career
  151. ^ "Dave Smith Stats, Height, Weight, Position, Rookie Status & More". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  152. ^ Database Football profile of Lamont Thompson Archived February 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Databasefootball.com. Retrieved May 17, 2007.
  153. ^ Rock on: Richmond world-renowned guitarist has lived more than two decades with ALS Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Matthias Gafni, Contra Costa Times, March 23, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2012
  154. ^ Bravo, Jorge (March 7, 2022). Billie Joe Armstrong: Welcome To My Panic (Audible exclusive). Retrieved April 22, 2021 – via Audible.
  155. ^ Wyman, Bill (1989). "How R.E.M. Woke Up Rock 'N' Roll in the '80s". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  156. ^ Selvin, Joel (November 2, 2009). "Harmonica maestro Norton Buffalo dies at 58". SFGATE. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  157. ^ Coryat, Karl (1999). "Les Claypool: The Cheese Stands Alone". The Bass Player Book. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 200. ISBN 978-0-87930-573-4.
  158. ^ "CBS SF Talks To Exodus And Slayer Guitarist Gary Holt". July 4, 2017. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  159. ^ Braddy, Liam (October 5, 2017). "Iamsu! to headline homecoming concert". The State Hornet. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  160. ^ "Feature Locksmith Interview". RapReview. June 9, 2009. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  161. ^ KochEntertainment.com profile of Master P Archived May 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, KochEntertainment.com . Retrieved May 17, 2007.
  162. ^ Larkin, Colin (1997). The Virgin encyclopedia of sixties music. Virgin in association with Muze Inc. p. 227. ISBN 9780753501498.
  163. ^ "Lucretia Edwards Shoreline Park | Richmond, CA - Official Website". www.ci.richmond.ca.us. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  164. ^ Open Space Advocate Honored With a Park, by John Geluardi Archived March 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Berkeley Daily Planet, January 2, 2004. Retrieved May 17, 2007.
  165. ^ Wakida, Patricia (May 19, 2015). "Emiko Nakano". Densho Encyclopedia. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  166. ^ "Romani Realities in the United States: Breaking The Silence, Challenging the Stereotypes" (PDF). FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard University. November 2020. p. 14.
  167. ^ "Rodney Brown, with help of Facebook, compiles book of famous Richmond natives". East Bay Times. August 21, 2013. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  168. ^ https://archive.today/20130120025251/http://s-data.current.com/news/89473956_enough-is-enough-live-from-tent-city-in-richmond-ca-movie.htm
  169. ^ Said, Carly (November 14, 2010). "Ford Point bringing new life to Richmond". Open Publishing.
  170. ^ "Patch Adams (1998)" – via www.imdb.com.
  171. ^ "Forever Young (1992) - Filming & Production - IMDb". IMDb. Retrieved October 14, 2021.
  172. ^ "Northern and Central California Sister Cities in Japan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Retrieved February 23, 2023.


External links[edit]