Richmond, Kentucky

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Richmond, Kentucky
Madison County courthouse, Richmond, with flags at half-staff in honor of Veterans Day (2007).
Madison County courthouse, Richmond, with flags at half-staff in honor of Veterans Day (2007).
Home Of Kentucky's Finest[citation needed]
"Justice, Education, Industry"[citation needed]
Location of Richmond in Madison County, Kentucky.
Location of Richmond in Madison County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°43′27″N 84°17′34″W / 37.72417°N 84.29278°W / 37.72417; -84.29278Coordinates: 37°43′27″N 84°17′34″W / 37.72417°N 84.29278°W / 37.72417; -84.29278[1]
CountryUnited States
 • TypeCity Mayor/Manager
 • MayorRobert Blythe
 • Total20.58 sq mi (53.29 km2)
 • Land20.33 sq mi (52.65 km2)
 • Water0.25 sq mi (0.65 km2)
Elevation971 ft (296 m)
 • Total31,364
 • Estimate 
 • Density1,778.68/sq mi (686.76/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s)859
FIPS code21-65226
GNIS feature ID2404614[1]

Richmond is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Madison County, Kentucky, United States.[4] It is named after Richmond, Virginia, and is the home of Eastern Kentucky University. The population was 36,157 in 2019.[5] Richmond is the third-largest city in the Bluegrass region (after Louisville and Lexington) and the state's sixth-largest city. It is the eighth largest population center in Kentucky, when including metropolitan areas. Richmond serves as the center for work and shopping for south-central Kentucky. Richmond is the principal city of the Richmond–Berea Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Madison and Rockcastle counties.


The City of Richmond was founded in 1798 by Colonel John Miller from Virginia, a British American who had served with the rebels in the Revolutionary War. According to tradition, Miller was attracted to the area by the good spring water and friendly Native Americans.[citation needed] That year, the Kentucky legislature approved moving the county seat from Milford to land owned by Colonel Miller. The residents of Milford adamantly opposed the move, which led to a fist fight between Dave Kennedy (representing Milford) and William Kearly (representing Richmond). The county approved the move in March 1798. On July 4, 1798, the new town was named Richmond in honor of Miller's Virginia birthplace.[6] Richmond was incorporated in 1809.[7]

Kentucky was a border state during the Civil War and stayed in the Union. On August 30, 1862, during the Civil War, the Union and Confederate Armies clashed in the Battle of Richmond. Troops under Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith routed the soldiers of Union General William Nelson. Out of Nelson's 6,500 men, only 1,200 escaped; the rest were all captured.[8] One historian called this battle "the nearest thing to a Cannae ever scored by any general, North or South, in the course of the whole war." [9][page needed]

In 1906, Eastern Kentucky State Normal School was founded in Richmond to train teachers. There were eleven members of the first graduating class in 1909. By 1922 it had expanded its curriculum to a four-year program and was established as a college. It added graduate-degree programs in 1935. In recognition of its academic departments and research, in 1965 the institution was renamed as Eastern Kentucky University.[10]

In the late 1990s and through the first decade of the 21st century, Richmond had a commercial and residential boom related to other development in the Bluegrass Region. As of 2009, Richmond was Kentucky's seventh-largest city, moving up four places from ranking in the 2000 census as Kentucky's eleventh-largest city.[11]


Richmond is located in Madison County in the Bluegrass region of the state. The Blue Grass Army Depot lies to the southeast of the city. The city is served by Interstate 75, U. S. Routes 25 and 421, and Kentucky Routes 52, 169 and 388.[12] I-75 runs to the west of downtown, with access from exits 83, 87, and 90. Via I-75, downtown Lexington is 25 mi (40 km) northwest, and Knoxville, Tennessee is 147 mi (237 km) south. U.S. Route 25 forms the eastern bypass around the city, leading northwest to Lexington and south 14 mi (23 km) to Berea. U.S. Route 421 parallels U.S. 25 on the eastern bypass of the city, leading northwest to Lexington (with U.S. 25 and I-75) and southeast 34 mi (55 km) to McKee.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.2 square miles (50 km2), of which 19.1 square miles (49 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2)(0.73%) is water.[citation needed]


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Richmond has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[13]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)36,157[3]15.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 27,152 people, 10,795 households, and 5,548 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,420.4 people per square mile (548.3/km2). There were 11,857 housing units at an average density of 620.3/sq mi (239.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.30% White, 8.27% African American, 0.29% Native American, 1.09% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population.

There were 10,795 households, out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.6% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 17.5% under the age of 18, 31.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 13.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,533, and the median income for a family was $36,222. Males had a median income of $30,817 versus $22,053 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,815. About 16.6% of families and 25.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 19.9% of those aged 65 or over.


Richmond operates under a council–manager government. The citizens elect a mayor and four city commissioners who form the Board of Commissioners. The Board of Commissioners is the legislative body of the city government and represents the interests of the citizens when applicable. The Board of Commissioners appoints a city manager, who administers the day-to-day operations of the city.[citation needed]

The mayor is elected for a term of four years. Each city commissioner is elected for a term of two years. The term of the city manager is indefinite.[citation needed]


Richmond is served by the Madison County Public School System.[16] In 1988 the Richmond Independent School District merged into the Madison County school district.[17]

High schools[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Public library[edit]

Richmond has a lending library, a branch of the Madison County Public Library.[18]



The Richmond Register is published on Tuesday through Saturday publication. The Eastern Progress is a weekly student publication of Eastern Kentucky University[19]

Radio stations[edit]



Richmond is located on a concurrency with U.S. Route 25 and 421. The two routes run north to Lexington and diverge approximately five miles south of the city. U.S. 25 connects the city to Berea and Mount Vernon in the south. U.S. 421 connects to McKee in the south east. State Route 52 connects to Lancaster in the west and Irvine in the east. State Route 876 serves as a beltway around the business district of the city, and State Route 388 runs north of the city to the north end of the county. Interstate 75 passes through western Richmond, and connects the city to Lexington in the north and Knoxville, Tennessee in the south. I-75 has three exits in the city. The U.S. 25 connector, signed as S.R. 2872 and commonly known as Duncannon Lane, connects I-75 to U.S. 25 south of the city.[20]


Central Kentucky Regional Airport is a public airport located in Madison County between Richmond and Berea. It consists of a 5,001 by 100 ft asphalt runway.[21]


The city has numerous parks, the most prominent[citation needed] being Lake Reba Recreational Complex. Paradise Cove, the city's aquatic center, is located in the complex, along with Adventure Falls Miniature Golf and Batting Cages, separate regulation sports fields for football, soccer, baseball and softball; a horseshoe pit, and a playground.[citation needed]

view of Lake Reba in Richmond, Kentucky from the fishing dock.

The downtown business district includes many Victorian-style structures including the Glyndon Hotel.[citation needed]

The majority of the city's high rises are located on the campus of Eastern Kentucky University (EKU), which include the 20-story Commonwealth Hall, which is the tallest building in Richmond, the 16-story Keene Hall, the 13-story Telford Hall. Two 12-story buildings, Todd Hall and Dupree Hall, were torn down in 2017.[citation needed]

The 2,000-seat EKU Center for the Arts was completed in 2011 on Lancaster Avenue.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Richmond". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  6. ^ Chamber of Commerce website, "City History", retrieved August 28, 2009.
  7. ^ Collins, Lewis (1877). History of Kentucky. p. 493. ISBN 9780722249208.
  8. ^ The History Channel website. Archived 2009-04-30 at the Wayback Machine "This Day in History: August 30, 1862- The Battle of Richmond, Kentucky," retrieved August 28, 2009.
  9. ^ Foote, Shelby, The Civil War, A Narrative: Fort Sumter to Perryville, Random House, 1958, ISBN 0-394-49517-9
  10. ^ Eastern Kentucky University website, "About Eastern Kentucky University", retrieved August 28, 2009
  11. ^ US Census Archived 2020-02-12 at, "Kentucky by Place", retrieved July 28, 2010
  12. ^ Kentucky Atlas & Gazetteer, DeLorme, 4th ed. 2010, p. 52 ISBN 0899333400
  13. ^ "Richmond, Kentucky Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ Madison County Schools website Archived 2009-08-06 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved August 28,2 009.
  17. ^ Ellis, Ronnie (2007-01-15). "The ups and downs of merging school districts". Richmond Register. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
  18. ^ "Kentucky Public Library Directory". Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  19. ^ "Eastern Kentucky University". The Eastern Progress. 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  20. ^ Kentucky Transportation Cabinet (2017). Official Highway Map (Purchase required) (Map). section. Frankfort, KY: Kentucky Transportation Cabinet. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  21. ^ FAA Airport Form 5010 for I39 PDF. Federal Aviation Administration. Effective November 15, 2012.

External links[edit]