Richmond, Northern Cape
|District||Pixley ka Seme|
|• Total||83.1 km2 (32.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||62/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||32.6%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Postal code (street)||7090|
Origin, architecture and history
The town was established in 1843 in South Africa's inland plateau. It was founded to meet the religious needs of a growing farming community, but unlike most Karoo towns the church was not built as the physical focal point of the village; rather, the centrepiece is the village square. Unusually for this arid region, it was built astride a river which has been cited as the reason for the irregular street grid. The town has a substantial number of well-preserved houses and public buildings of Victorian and Edwardian Karoo style, with additions of verandahs dating from the 1920s. The Dutch Reformed Church building, the spiritual if not the physical centre around which the town evolved, dates from 1847, with a tower completed in 1909. It celebrated a centenary in 2009.
The naming of the town originated in the desire of the townsfolk to honour the new Governor of the Cape, Sir Peregrine Maitland, who took office in 1844. Maitland declined, however, suggesting instead that it be named after his father-in-law, the Duke of Richmond. It was officially named Richmond in October 1845. It was a resort town for European aristocratic patients of lung diseases such as whooping cough and tuberculosis in the 1800s due to its clean air and mineral rich waters.
- Richmond was the birthplace of medical pioneer Dr Albert Hoffa, hailed as the founder of modern orthopaedics, author of a famous textbook and some of whose techniques are still in use. Born in Richmond on 31 March 1859, the son of a local doctor, he studied medicine in Germany. In 1886 Hoffa was appointed as lecturer at the University of Würzburg, later becoming Professor and moving to Berlin. He died in 1907.
- Heart transplant pioneer Professor Chris Barnard would spend time at his Richmond farm, Ratelfontein.
- Josephine Dale Lace, flamboyant Johannesburg socialite, mistress of King Edward VII, was born Josephine Cornelia Brink in Richmond.
Richmond is also being placed on the visual arts map, by a project called "modern arts projects south- africa".
- "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii.
- Sum of the Main Places Richmond and Sabelo from Census 2011.
- History of Richmond
- K D Thomann. 1991. A modern textbook is 100 years old. Albert Hoffa and the "Textbook of Orthopedic Surgery". Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und ihre Grenzgebiete 130(4):339-44.
- Richmond Northern Cape
- http://www.map-southafrica.org www.map-southafrica.org
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Richmond, Northern Cape.|
- The Richmond Community Development Foundation
- Radio talk on Heritage Symposium held in Richmond, October 2014, with focus on the history of Jose Dale Lace