Richmond, Queensland

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Richmond
Queensland
Wattle tree spotted with delicate yellow flowers near Richmond, Queensland, 1985.jpg
Great Northern railway line near Richmond, 1985
Richmond is located in Queensland
Richmond
Richmond
Location in Queensland
Coordinates 20°43′50″S 143°08′32″E / 20.73056°S 143.14222°E / -20.73056; 143.14222Coordinates: 20°43′50″S 143°08′32″E / 20.73056°S 143.14222°E / -20.73056; 143.14222
Population 522 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 4822
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Richmond
State electorate(s) Traeger
Federal Division(s) Kennedy
Localities around Richmond:
Burleigh Burleigh Woolgar
Maxwelton Richmond Dutton River
Albion Albion Stamford

Richmond is a town and locality in the Shire of Richmond in western Queensland, Australia. It is the administrative centre of the Richmond Shire.[2][3] In the 2011 census, Richmond had a population of 522 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

The town is 498 kilometres (309 mi) west of Townsville and 406 kilometres (252 mi) east of Mount Isa. The Flinders Highway traverses the locality from east to west passing through the town which is located in about the centre of the locality. The Great Northern railway runs immediately south and parallel to the highway through the east of the locality, crossing over in the town which is served by the Richmond railway station, and then the railway runs immediately north and parallel to the highway through the west of the locality. There is a second railway station, the Moselle railway on the far eastern edge of the locality, named after the pastoral run, which in turn was named in about the 1870s by pastoralist J.B. Brodie after the Moselle River in eastern France.[4][5]

The Flinders River flows through the locality from east to west, passing to the west of the town, where the river has its confluence with its tributary Dutton River.[4]

History[edit]

The explorer Ludwig Leichhardt camped at the site that would become the town of Richmond on 13 March 1862.[6]

The town was originally known as Richmond Downs after the nearby pastoral run called Richmond Downs, which in turn was named in 1864 because two of the leaseholders Walter Hays and Arthur Bundock came from the Richmond River in New South Wales.[7]

In 1880, gold was found at Woolgar to the north and Richmond became an important stagecoach stop en route to Woolgar.[8]

The town was surveyed on 9 December 1882 by surveyor Joseph Hargreaves with town lots sold from April 1883.[9] In May 1899, the name was changed from Richmond Downs to Richmond.[2]

Richmond Provisional School opened on 22 May 1889 with 23 pupils, becoming Richmond State School on 27 February 1902 when it had 113 pupils.[10][11]

Official opening of the railway line to Richmond, 1904

The Great Northern railway reached the town in June 1904. At the official celebration on 2 June 1904, it was explained that the line was the first to be built by cheaper methods by replacing the track ballast with packed earth, but the cost saving was at the expense of train speed, which was expected to be 15 miles per hour. It was hoped that cheaper methods would allow more pastoral areas to be serviced by rail with an immediate desire to connect through to Cloncurry.[12]

At the 2006 census, Richmond had a population of 554.[13]

St John the Baptist Anglican Church, Richmond, 2014

Heritage listings[edit]

Richmond has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Economy[edit]

Traditionally, the two biggest industries in Richmond are sheep- and cattle-farming, however tourism is an increasingly important aspect of the local economy. In addition to being a major transit stop on the Flinders Highway, recent paleontological discoveries have unearthed the fossils of prehistoric marine creatures, some of which are on display in Richmond.

Kronosaurus Korner (dinosaur museum), 2008

Facilities[edit]

Richmond has a public library, golf course, bowling club, swimming facilities, race course, caravan park, tourist information centre and a fossil museum named Kronosaurus Korner.[8]

Richmond State School is a primary and secondary school (P-10) school for boys and girls operated by the Queensland Government at 88 Crawford Street. In 2016, the school had an enrolment of 78 students with 10 teachers and 12 non-teaching staff (7 full-time equivalent).[15]

Transport[edit]

Long distance rail services
Preceding station   Queensland Rail   Following station
toward Townsville
The Inlander
toward Mount Isa

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Richmond (UCL)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 13 July 2016.  Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b "Richmond - town (entry 44240)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Richmond - locality (Richmond Shire) (entry 42355)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  5. ^ "Moselle - railway station in the Shire of Richmond (entry 22886)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  6. ^ "STATION SALES". The Northern Miner. Queensland, Australia. 29 May 1911. p. 7. Retrieved 16 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  7. ^ "W. C. BUNDOCK AND A. F. BUNDOCK, RICHMOND RIVER PIONEERS". The Northern Star. 63. New South Wales, Australia. 4 March 1940. p. 2. Retrieved 16 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  8. ^ a b "Richmond and Richmond Shire". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland. Retrieved 21 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "WESTERN MAIL NEWS". Morning Bulletin. XXX, (4706). Queensland, Australia. 26 April 1883. p. 3. Retrieved 15 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  10. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0 
  11. ^ "Agency ID5658, Richmond State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  12. ^ "THE HUGHENDEN-RICHMOND RAILWAY". The Brisbane Courier. LX, (14,475). Queensland, Australia. 4 June 1904. p. 5. Retrieved 16 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  13. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Richmond (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 September 2008. 
  14. ^ "St John the Baptist Anglican Church Complex (entry 601714)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  15. ^ "Annual Report 2016" (PDF). Richmond State School. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 

External links[edit]