Richmond County, Georgia

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For information about the Augusta-Richmond County consolidated government, see Augusta, Georgia.
Richmond County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Richmond County
Location in the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded February 5, 1777[1]
Named for Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond
Seat Augusta
Largest city Augusta
Area
 • Total 329 sq mi (852 km2)
 • Land 324 sq mi (839 km2)
 • Water 4.3 sq mi (11 km2), 1.3%
Population
 • (2010) 200,549
 • Density 618/sq mi (239/km²)
Congressional district 12th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.augustaga.gov

Richmond County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 200,549.[2] It is one of the original counties of Georgia, created February 5, 1777.

Following an election in 1995, the city of Augusta (the county seat) consolidated governments with Richmond County. The consolidated entity is known as Augusta-Richmond County, or simply Augusta. The cities of Hephzibah and Blythe in southern Richmond County voted to remain separate and not consolidate.

Richmond County is included in the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county is named for Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, a British politician and office-holder sympathetic to the cause of the American colonies. Richmond was also a first cousin to King George III.

Richmond County was established in 1777 by the first Constitution of the (newly independent) State of Georgia. As such, it is one of the original counties of the state. It was formed out of a portion of the colonial Parish of St. Paul, after the Revolution disestablished the Church of England in the (former) Royal Province of Georgia.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 329 square miles (850 km2), of which 324 square miles (840 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (1.3%) is water.[3]

The vast majority of Richmond County is located in the Middle Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, with just the southwestern corner of the county, from a line running north from Blythe through the middle of Fort Gordon, located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the Savannah River basin.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 11,317
1800 5,475 −51.6%
1810 6,189 13.0%
1820 8,608 39.1%
1830 11,644 35.3%
1840 11,932 2.5%
1850 16,246 36.2%
1860 21,284 31.0%
1870 25,724 20.9%
1880 34,665 34.8%
1890 45,194 30.4%
1900 53,735 18.9%
1910 58,886 9.6%
1920 63,692 8.2%
1930 72,990 14.6%
1940 81,863 12.2%
1950 108,876 33.0%
1960 135,601 24.5%
1970 162,437 19.8%
1980 181,629 11.8%
1990 189,719 4.5%
2000 199,775 5.3%
2010 200,549 0.4%
Est. 2015 201,793 [5] 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[2]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 200,549 people, 76,924 households, and 48,641 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 618.4 inhabitants per square mile (238.8/km2). There were 86,331 housing units at an average density of 266.2 per square mile (102.8/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 54.2% black or African American, 39.7% white, 1.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 1.3% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 8.0% were American, 7.0% were Irish, 6.7% were German, and 5.3% were English.[12]

Of the 76,924 households, 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.8% were non-families, and 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 33.2 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,882 and the median income for a family was $45,220. Males had a median income of $37,368 versus $29,313 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,604. About 19.4% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.5% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Richmond County". New Georgia Encyclopedia. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-20. 
  5. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 

Further reading[edit]

  • A. Ray Rowland (ed.), Historical Markers of Richmond County, Georgia. Augusta, GA: Richmond County Historical Society, 1966.
  • Richmond County History. Augusta, GA: Richmond County Historical Society, 1969-date. —Journal, established Winter 1969.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°22′N 82°04′W / 33.36°N 82.07°W / 33.36; -82.07