Richmond County, Nova Scotia

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Richmond County

Comté de Richmond  (French)

Siorramachd Richmond  (Scottish Gaelic)
Official seal of Richmond County
Seal
Location of Richmond County, Nova Scotia
Location of Richmond County, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°42′N 60°48′W / 45.7°N 60.8°W / 45.7; -60.8Coordinates: 45°42′N 60°48′W / 45.7°N 60.8°W / 45.7; -60.8
Country Canada
Province Nova Scotia
Established1835
Incorporated            April 17, 1879
Electoral Districts      
Federal

Cape Breton—Canso
ProvincialCape Breton-Richmond
Government
 • TypeRichmond County Municipal Council
 • WardenJason MacLean[1]
Area
 • Land1,249.33 km2 (482.37 sq mi)
Population
(2016)[2][3]
 • Total8,964
 • Density7.2/km2 (19/sq mi)
 • Change 2011-16
Decrease3.5%
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Area code(s)902
Dwellings5,122
Median Income*$40,188 CDN
Websitewww.richmondcounty.ca
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Richmond County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. For a list of communities in Richmond County, see the eponymous page.

History[edit]

Named in honour of Sir Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond, who was Governor General of British North America 1818-1819, Richmond County was created in 1835.

Richmond County comprises that territory known as the Southern District which was established in 1824 at the time of the dividing of Cape Breton Island into three districts. The boundaries of the Southern District were defined at the time of its establishment. Those same boundaries were determined to be the boundaries of Richmond County by statute in 1847.

The shire town of Richmond Country is Arichat, located on Isle Madame. The community was threatened with closure of its local Court system in June 2015.[4]

Communities[edit]

Villages
Reserves
County municipality and county subdivisions

Access routes[edit]

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits:[5]

Demographics[edit]

As a census division in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Richmond County recorded a population of 8,964 living in 3,983 of its 5,122 total private dwellings, a change of −3.5% from its 2011 population of 9,293. With a land area of 1,249.33 km2 (482.37 sq mi), it had a population density of 7.2/km2 (18.6/sq mi) in 2016.[6]

Forming the majority of the Richmond County census division, the Municipality of the County of Richmond recorded a population of 8,458 living in 3,822 of its 4,955 total private dwellings in the 2016 Census of Population, a change of −4% from its 2011 population of 8,812. With a land area of 1,243.72 km2 (480.20 sq mi), it had a population density of 6.8/km2 (17.6/sq mi) in 2016.[7]

Population trend[8][9]
Census Population Change (%)
2016 8,964 Decrease3.5%
2011 9,293 Decrease4.6%
2006 9,740 Decrease4.7%
2001 10,225 Decrease7.2%
1996 11,022 Decrease2.1%
1991 11,260 Decrease5.2%
1986 11,841 Decrease8.3%
1981 12,824 N/A
1941 10,853
1931 11,098
1921 12,464
1911 13,273
1901 13,515
1891 14,399
1881 15,121
1871 14,268 N/A
Mother tongue language (2011)[10]
Language Population Pct (%)
English only 6,620 72.19%
French only 2,085 22.74%
Non-official languages 285 3.11%
Multiple responses 180 1.96%
Ethnic Origins (2006)[11]
Ethnic Origin Population Pct (%)
French 4,895 50.8%
Canadian 3,920 40.7%
Scottish 2,310 24.0%
English 2,060 21.4%
Irish 1,590 16.5%
Acadian 710 7.4%
North American Indian 685 7.1%
German 440 4.6%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MacLean chosen as new warden of Richmond County". Cape Breton Post. October 24, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  2. ^ a b 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Richmond County, Nova Scotia
  3. ^ Statistics Canada Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data
  4. ^ ctvnews.ca: "Old town relics leave Nova Scotia communities feeling empty", 6 Jun 2015
  5. ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7 Pages 56-58, 73
  6. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  7. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  8. ^ Censuses 1871-1941
  9. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  10. ^ Statistics Canada: 2011 census
  11. ^ 2006 Statistics Canada Census Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada: Richmond County, Nova Scotia

External links[edit]