Richmond Park (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Richmond Park in Greater London.
|Member of Parliament||Zac Goldsmith (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Richmond and Barnes and Kingston upon Thames|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
The seat has been relative to others an ultra-marginal seat and swing seat since 2015 as its winner's majority has not exceeded 4.5% of the vote since the 38.9% majority won in that year. The seat has changed hands twice since that year as it saw a by-election in 2016 which was won by a Liberal Democrat as were previous elections from its 1997 creation until 2015.
Discounting a Liberal Democrat slump in 2015 at the end of the First Cameron Ministry campaigns in the seat have resulted in a minimum of 37.6% of votes at each election consistently for the same two parties' choice for candidate, and the next-placed party's or candidate's having fluctuated between 3.1% and 12.6% of the vote since its 1997 creation (for the Labour candidate).
History and profile
Richmond Park constituency was created in 1997 from Richmond and Barnes[n 2] and a northern tranche of the Kingston upon Thames seat.[n 3] Jeremy Hanley, MP for Richmond and Barnes, was selected as the Conservative candidate for the seat's first election but lost to Jenny Tonge (Liberal Democrat). The seat was held by the Liberal Democrats until 2010, when it was gained by Zac Goldsmith, a Conservative.
On 25 October 2016, Zac Goldsmith announced his resignation as the seat's MP in protest against the Conservative government's decision to allow a third runway to be built at Heathrow Airport. Goldsmith stood as an Independent candidate in the by-election held on 1 December, but was defeated by Sarah Olney, a Liberal Democrat, after the Conservative Party decided not to put forward its own candidate. This was the first by-election in the constituency since its creation in 1997.
On 22 April 2017, Goldsmith won the Conservative nomination for Richmond Park and stood in the general election on 8 June, in which Olney also stood for re-election. Despite having the largest vote share increase for the Liberal Democrats and one of the largest falls in majority between general elections in the country, Goldsmith regained the seat for the Conservatives with a significantly reduced majority of 45 votes. This marked the shortest period of time that a defeated MP was out of office before regaining their seat.
1997–2010: The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames wards of Barnes; East Sheen; Ham and Petersham; Kew; Mortlake; Palewell; Richmond Hill; and Richmond Town, and the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames wards of Cambridge; Canbury; Coombe Hill; and Tudor.
2010–present: The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames wards of Barnes; East Sheen; Ham, Petersham and Richmond Riverside; Kew; Mortlake and Barnes Common; North Richmond; and South Richmond, and the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames wards of Canbury; Coombe Hill; Coombe Vale; and Tudor.
Richmond Park constituency stretches from Barnes in the north to Kingston upon Thames in the south, and includes the whole of East Sheen, Mortlake, Kew, Richmond, Petersham and Ham. The boundaries also include the Royal Park itself.
From Kingston Railway Bridge, the boundary follows the middle of the River Thames north (downstream) to Hammersmith Bridge and then southeast as far as Barn Elms. From here it is bounded by the outside of Putney Common and the houses east of Hallam Road and Dyers Lane. At the south end of Dyers Lane the boundary runs along the Upper Richmond Road westwards as far as the Beverley Brook which it then follows south to the northern wall of Richmond Park itself.[n 4] The boundary then follows the wall of the park as far as the Robin Hood Gate on the A3 road and follows the Beverley Brook south, until it[n 5] turns west after Malden Golf Course. It then cuts across the golf course to Coombe Road, Coombe Vale, New Malden until the South West Main Line just west of New Malden station. Then the boundary curves north to follow the Kingston branch of the railway line as far as the railway bridge over the River Thames. This means that the constituency includes Coombe, Norbiton, and half of Kingston upon Thames.
Fifth Boundary Review
As part of its Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the Boundary Commission[n 6] made minor changes to re-align the constituency boundaries with the boundaries of the local government wards. This involved moving the entirety of the Beverley ward into Kingston and Surbiton. It had been split between the two constituencies after ward boundaries were changed in 2002. The public consultation on proposed changes across the boroughs of Kingston and Richmond received 11 submissions, of which ten were in support. The new boundaries came into effect at the 2010 general election.
Members of Parliament
|1997||Jenny Tonge||Liberal Democrat|
|2005||Susan Kramer||Liberal Democrat|
|2016 by-election||Sarah Olney||Liberal Democrat|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Sarah Olney||28,543||45.1||+25.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Sarah Olney||20,510||49.6||+30.3|
|Independent||Zac Goldsmith||18,638||45.1||-13.1[n 7]|
|Monster Raving Loony||Howling Laud Hope||184||0.4||N/A|
|Christian Peoples||Dominic Stockford||164||0.4||N/A|
|One Love||Maharaja Jammu and Kashmir||67||0.1||N/A|
|No label||David Powell||32||0.0||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||+21.7[n 8]|
|Liberal Democrat||Robin Meltzer||11,389||19.3||-23.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Susan Kramer||25,370||42.8||-3.8|
|Christian Peoples||Susan May||133||0.2||-0.3|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||-7.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Susan Kramer||24,011||46.7||-1.0|
|Christian Peoples||Peter Flower||288||0.6||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Rainbow George Weiss||63||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||-1.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Jenny Tonge||23,444||47.7||+3.0|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+2.4|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Jenny Tonge||25,393||44.7||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||David Beaupre||348||0.7||N/A|
|Natural Law||Bruno D'Arcy||102||0.2||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Peter Davies||73||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- last held by the Conservative Jeremy Hanley
- Held by the former Chancellor of the Exchequer Norman Lamont
- Thus east is Roehampton in the London Borough of Wandsworth and part of Putney seat
- Having included the residential section of the A3 at the Beverley Brook Interchange
- For the subregion used see South London
- Compared to his vote share as a Conservative candidate at the previous election.
- Calculated on the basis of the vote share for Zac Goldsmith as a Conservative at the previous election and as an Independent at this election.
- Fifth periodical report (PDF) (Report). Volume 3 Mapping for the London Boroughs and the Metropolitan Counties. Boundary Commission for England. 5 February 2007. ISBN 0101703228.
- "The EU referendum: how did Westminster constituencies vote?". Medium. 29 June 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- "Zac Goldsmith quits as MP over 'doomed' Heathrow expansion decision". The Guardian. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- "Zac Goldsmith wins Conservative nomination for Richmond Park". BBC News. 26 April 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
- "GE2017 – Constituency results". Britain Elects (Google Docs). Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- For the detailed map see the UK government election map web site
- "South London Boroughs – Proposals for Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. 19 April 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2010.
- "Richmond Park parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- Donovan, Tim. "Tactics reduce candidates for Richmond Park by-election". BBC News. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "Election results for Richmond Park, 1 December 2016". 1 December 2016.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election results for Richmond Park UK Parliamentary General Election 2015 – Thursday, 7 May 2015". Cabnet.richmond.gov.uk. 7 May 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "Richmond Park parliamentary constituency – Election 2015". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Sachin Patel: Candidate for Richmond Park". Labour Party (UK). Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "London Green Party | 2015 general election". Green Party. Archived from the original on 8 January 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Richmond Park". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Norton, Gillian (20 April 2010). "Parliamentary Election, Richmond Park Constituency, Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF). London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.
- "Election 2010 –Constituency:Richmond Park". Election 2010. BBC. 6 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)