Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||M. Krishnan Nair|
|Produced by||R. M. Veerappan|
|Screenplay by||R. M. Veerappan|
|Story by||R. M. Veerappan
|Music by||M. S. Viswanathan|
|Edited by||C. P. Jambulingam|
Rickshawkaran (lit. The Rickshaw Puller) is a 1971 Indian Tamil-language vigilante film directed by M. Krishnan Nair and produced by R. M. Veerappan. The film stars M. G. Ramachandran and Manjula in the lead roles. It was a major commercial success and won Ramachandran the National Film Award for Best Actor. It was remade in Hindi as Rickshawala (1973).
In the early 1970s, at the end of a rickshaw competition the winner, Selvam (MGR), an ex-military officer, witnesses a murder, that of another driver of rickshaw named Manickam. With his girl Soussi in the arms, this one was chased, killed and burned on the spot by a notable of the region, merciless Kailasam (S. A. Ashokan). The latter imagines above the laws for a very good reason, he is defended by effective Dharmaraj (Major Sundarrajan) who is also his brother-in-law. Dharmaraj knows perfectly the weaknesses of the judicial system and does not hesitate to exploit them in defiance of the morality. Meanwhile, Selvam got back the orphan girl Soussi and wants now that justice is returned for the girl and his deceased father. But nice Selvam is very far from suspecting that behind this murder hides in fact a vast network, specialised trafficking in persons, especially women led by vile Kaïlasam. Noticing that the justice is ineffective, Selvam decides to tidy up there in his own way.
- M. G. Ramachandran as Selvam
- Manjula as Uma
- S. A. Ashokan as Kailasam
- Major Sundarrajan as the judge K. Dharmaraj
- R. S. Manohar as "Kathikuthu" Karmegham
- Thengai Srinivasan as Vandu, a rickshaw driver
- Cho Ramaswamy as Pitchumani
Rickshawkaran, directed by M. Krishnan Nair, was launched in 1968. There were conflicting views on the selection of the female lead between lead actor M. G. Ramachandran and producer-screenwriter R. M. Veerappan. Regarding the female lead, Ramachandran wanted his frequent co-star Jayalalithaa for the role while Veerappan wanted to include someone else to break the proximity between Ramachandran and Jayalalithaa. The result went in Veerappan's favour and Manjula was cast, thereby making her debut as a lead actress. Ramachandran disliked the song "Azhagiya Thamizh Magal" and requested Veerappan to remove it, but after Veerappan convinced him, the song was retained. The song was shot on a large set that was nearly 40-feet high, and was budgeted at approximately a lakh.
|1.||"Kadaloram Vangiya Katru"||Vaali||T. M. Soundararajan|
|2.||"Ange Siripavargal Sirikattum"||Vaali||T. M. Soundararajan|
|3.||"Pambai Udukkai Katti"||Avinashi Mani||T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela|
|4.||"Ponnazhaguppenmai"||Vaali||P. Susheela, L. R. Eswari|
|5.||"Kattruvaanga Ponen"||Vaali||T. M. Soundararajan|
|6.||"Azhagiya Thamizh Magal"||Vaali||T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela|
Release and reception
Rickshawkaran was released on 29 May 1971. Ananda Vikatan, in a review dated 13 June 1971, wrote that the film was an excellent companion to spend three hours in a theatre, and also praised the story. The film was a major commercial success, playing for 163 days at the Devi Paradise theatre, and for 100 days at 12 other theatres all over Tamil Nadu. To celebrate the film's success, Ramachandran gave raincoats to around 6,000 rickshaw pullers in Chennai. He later won the National Film Award for Best Actor for his role, the first South Indian actor to do so. He initially considered returning it, on account of being criticised for allegedly using political influence to his advantage, but relented when the committee explained its reasons for awarding him. Politician M. Karunanidhi said that Ramachandran was "fully deserving of the award".
- Bhaskaran, Gautaman (9 August 2016). "MGR's Rickshawkaran, refreshed and restored, to hit screens soon". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 29 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- "MGR anew". The Hindu. 1 October 2016. Archived from the original on 29 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Kannan 2017, p. 154.
- "Southern industry in shock at actress Manjula Vijaykumar's sudden death". The Indian Express. 23 July 2013. Archived from the original on 29 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- "Did you know?". The Hindu. 2 October 2016. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
- "Rickshawkaran (1971) All Songs Jukebox". YouTube. Saregama. 20 January 2016. Archived from the original on 29 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- "ரிக்ஷாக்காரன்". Ananda Vikatan (in Tamil). 13 June 1971. (Subscription required (. ))
- Kannan 2017, p. 155.
- Kannan 2017, p. 168.