|Born||November 21, 1958|
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Other names||The Last Samurai|
|Height||5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)|
|Weight||185 lb (84 kg; 13 st 3 lb)|
|Division||Middleweight (185 lb)|
|Teacher(s)||Helio Gracie, Rolls Gracie, Georges Mehdi |
|Rank||9th degree red belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu under his brother Rorion Gracie |
Black belt in Judo under Georges Mehdi
|Years active||1980−1984, 1994−2000 (MMA)|
|Mixed martial arts record|
|Notable relatives||Kron Gracie, son|
|Mixed martial arts record from Sherdog|
Rickson Gracie (Portuguese: [ˈʁiksõ ˈɡɾejsi]; born November 21, 1958) is a Brazilian 9th-degree red belt in Gracie Jiu-Jitsu and a retired mixed martial artist. He is a member of the Gracie family: the third oldest son of Hélio Gracie, brother to Rorion and Relson Gracie, and half-brother to Rolker, Royce, Robin and Royler Gracie. In the 1980s and 1990s, he was widely considered to be the best fighter of the Gracie clan, and one of the toughest in the world. In November 2014 he became an inductee of the Legends of MMA Hall of Fame, alongside Big John McCarthy, Pat Miletich, and Fedor Emelianenko. In July 2017, he was promoted to red belt, the highest ranking in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, but denied the rank as he had not yet met IBJJF time in rank requirements, keeping the belt for when he does.
Matches against Rei Zulu
At 19, Gracie was pitted in a high-profile fight in Brasilia against famous Brazilian professional wrestler and fighter Casemiro "Rei Zulu" Nascimento Martins (father of Zuluzinho). Rei Zulu was not a qualified martial artist, having only a background in a supposedly indigenous wrestling style named tarracá, but he weighed 230 pounds (104 kg) and had experience in the vale tudo circuit, being supposedly 270–0 at the time. Despite his disadvantages, Gracie won the match at the third round by submitting Zulu with a rear naked choke, gaining immediate national recognition.
In 1984, Zulu requested a rematch in Rio de Janeiro, which became a controversial affair. According to Zulu, the Gracie family demanded the rules to be changed just one hour before the event, banning closed-fisted strikes, direct punches to the face, and kicks to a downed opponent. During the match, held in the Maracanazinho before an audience of 20,000 spectators, Zulu himself fouled by trying to eye-gouge Gracie, while Gracie himself gave Zulu a low blow later into the fight. Gracie also claimed Zulu was oiled up with vaseline in order to impede his grip. In any case, Rickson won again, submitting his opponent with another choke in the second round.
Challenges to luta livre
In 1988, promoters tried to put together an anticipated fight between Rickson and luta livre exponent Marco Ruas. However, Hélio Gracie refused, demanding either that Rickson received a higher payment or that the bout happened inside the Gracie Academy, which were both rejected, so the fight didn't take place. Later, Rickson himself challenged Ruas to an impromptu match during a meeting with luta livre fighters in the Clube Boqueirão do Passeio. The reasons why this second fight fell off too are disputed: Rickson claimed Ruas asked for time to train, while Ruas claimed Hélio shut down the idea claiming Ruas was not a true luta livre representative. Other names like Eugenio Tadeu and Hugo Duarte were offered, but rejected.
Months later, Rickson was challenged by lutador Denilson Maia, but the latter's father died and he had to be replaced by Duarte. Although Duarte only wanted to fight in an event for a purse, Gracie encountered him on the beach, slapped him in front of his students and demanded him to fight there, so Hugo stepped down and faced Rickson on the sand. Gracie won after making him surrender to punches to the face. Shortly after, claiming that Gracie students had kicked him and thrown sand to his eyes during the fight, Duarte came to Rickson's gym and demanded a rematch. Gracie won again, causing a riot which forced neighbours to call the police.
Shortly after, Gracie challenged Tadeu, who had been entangled in a bout with his brother Royler when the police came. Royler and Tadeu fought to a 50-minute draw. The rivalry between Brazilian jiu-jitsu and luta livre continued without Rickson, as he left Brazil for the United States after the fight.
Vale Tudo Japan
In 1994, Rickson was contacted by Erik Paulson to compete in Satoru Sayama's event Vale Tudo Japan. Gracie traveled to Japan and participated in the tournament, firstly facing Daido-juku stylist Yoshinori Nishi. Gracie took him down and Nishi answered with a lockdown from half guard, but the Brazilian was able to pass his guard and catch him with a rear naked choke when Nishi turned his back. He later faced much larger wing chun practitioner Dave Levicki, but he was an even easier prey once taken down, and Rickson won by TKO after a flurry of punches. Gracie then fought American kickboxer Bud Smith at the finals, winning by the same method in even less time and getting the tournament's victory.
The same year, pro wrestler Yoji Anjo performed a dojo storm to challenge Rickson, after failed negotiations about Gracie wrestling for Union of Wrestling Force International. Gracie was the better in the fight and performed abundant ground and pound on Anjo, who did not surrender, so Gracie choked him unconscious.
A year later, Gracie was invited again to the next Vale Tudo Japan. In the first round he faced pro wrestler Yoshihisa Yamamoto from Fighting Network Rings, who unlike Rickson's previous opponents managed to keep him away from the mat by using the ropes and even tried a guillotine choke. However, Gracie eventually took him down and choked him. He squared against another pro wrestler in the form of Koichiro Kimura, swiftly defeating him, then met shoot wrestler Yuki Nakai at the finals. Nakai, who was almost blind from an earlier match against Gerard Gordeau, put up strong resistance to Rickson, but the Brazilian master managed to take his back and choke him for another tournament win.
In 1997, Gracie signed up to a fight against Yoji Anjo's superior Nobuhiko Takada in the Pride 1 event. Before the Tokyo Dome's 47,860 spectators, Rickson defeated the inexperienced Takada, mounting him and locking an armbar in 4:47.
Now enjoying a growing popularity in Japan, according to Gracie he was proposed to fight Mario Sperry at Pride 3, but the process was stopped due to Carlson Gracie's disavowal. Pride management also offered him to take Royce Gracie's place in his cancelled match with Mark Kerr, but he refused, citing one month to be a too short time to prepare. Fighting Network Rings's chairman Akira Maeda also challenged Gracie and proposed a fight as his own retirement match, but it was rejected. Rickson only agreed to sign up to a rematch against Takada at Pride 4, stating: "I feel Takada is a warrior and deserves the chance to try and redeem himself."
In their rematch, Takada had improved and was able to wrestle Rickson to neutralize his groundwork advantage, but the Brazilian master used a failed leglock attempt from the Japanese to sweep him and mount him. Nonetheless, Takada kept fighting under the jiu-jitsu master, dismounting him and threatening with a heel hook attempt, but Gracie, who was waiting until the end of the round to prevent Takada from capitalizing should he miss his opportunity, applied an armbar and submitted him again.
In May 2000, after Takada understudy Kazushi Sakuraba defeated Royler Gracie in the Pride 8 event, he took the mic and challenged Rickson, who was in the Gracie corner, but nothing came of it. Gracie preferred to face Pancrase's retired ace Masakatsu Funaki at Colosseum event. The event almost got cancelled, as Rickson demanded special rules which banned headbutts, elbow strikes, and strikes to the head both standing or on the ground, but an agreement was reached when the Pancrase management conceded to ban headbutts and elbows.
At the event, held at the Tokyo Dome and broadcast to 30 million TV Tokyo viewers, Gracie and Funaki started the fight clinching to the corner. Masakatsu appeared to have secured a guillotine choke, but the hold was loose and Rickson managed to go to the mat. They traded kicks to no effect, until some well timed upkicks from Gracie blew out Funaki's gravely injured knee. They clinched again, but the Japanese's injury rendered him unable to wrestle Rickson correctly, and he was taken down by the Brazilian grappler, who promptly mounted him. Masakatsu looked stunned while Rickson bloodied his face with ground and pound, and finally Gracie forced his way into a rear naked choke. During the post-match interview, Gracie claimed that one of the hammerfist delivered by Funaki made him lose his eyesight for a few moments.
After the Colosseum event, Gracie expressed interest in fighting judo medalist Naoya Ogawa, who was signed up for the next Colosseum event. He was also proposed by Pride management to fight Kazushi Sakuraba, who had already defeated Royce Gracie as well, but Gracie refused saying that Sakuraba "didn't have the spirit of a warrior". Rickson further said he didn't want to fight a wrestler who was so much smaller than him. Thus, New Japan Pro-Wrestling invited him to face Shinya Hashimoto, or especially Manabu Nakanishi or Kazuyuki Fujita, but they were refused. The fight against Ogawa was set to the next year, with Naoya vacating his NWA World Heavyweight Championship to focus on training for the bout.
However, tragedy struck when Rickson's son Rockson was found dead in January 2001. Affected by the loss, Gracie contemplated retirement, and the event fell off after some negotiations. Months later, he stated he was willing to fight again and evaluating propositions, but nothing came from it. When the matchup with Sakuraba was brought up again, Rickson expressed uninterest on it, although he conceded, "...in my heart, I think Sakuraba deserves to get beat."
In August 2002, Rickson had a special appearance in Japanese media helping out Ogawa before his bout against Matt Ghaffari at the UFO Legend event, in which he assisted. After the event, Ogawa talked again about a fight against Rickson, which the Brazilian considered as possible return match. Rickson also mentioned Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira and Kazuyuki Fujita as candidates to fight him in said return. However, nothing of it came to fruition, even after UFO president Tatsuo Kawamura proposed creating an event in order to hold the match.
After the match between Royler Gracie and Genki Sudo in 2004, the latter challenged Rickson. Producer Sadaharu Tanikawa tried to put together a bout between both, but he was unsuccessful. Three years later, after Kazushi Sakuraba defeated Masakatsu Funaki, Tanikawa also tried to promote a bout between Sakuraba and Rickson in 2008, with the same results.
Gracie has confirmed that he is officially retired now and his major focus is to give seminars on Brazilian jiu-jitsu and to try to develop BJJ as his father saw it: not a fighting tool but a social tool, to give confidence to women, children, and physically weak individuals by giving them the ability to defend themselves.
Gracie was the subject of the 1995 documentary, Choke, by filmmaker Robert Goodman. The documentary followed Gracie and two other fighters (Todd Hays and Koichiro Kimura) as they prepared and fought in Tokyo's Vale Tudo Japan 1995. Released by Manga Entertainment, the film has been distributed to 23 countries. Rickson had a small role in The Incredible Hulk as Bruce Banner's martial arts instructor. His character is credited as an aikido instructor, despite his jiu-jitsu background. He has appeared on National Geographic's television programme Fight Science.
On May 8, 2020, news surfaced that a Netflix film about Rickson Gracie is in the making, release date targeted in late 2021. The film is directed by José Padilha and the role of Gracie is played by Cauã Reymond.
Criticism of other fighters
Gracie raised the ire of some in the MMA community by criticizing the abilities of top fighters. In 1996, speaking about Ultimate Fighting Championship tournament winners, he labelled Don Frye and Mark Coleman as "very weak", and said that the latter "would offer no danger." He also saw Wallid Ismail as an "average fighter," Kazushi Sakuraba as "not a fighter that has a great expertise in anything" and "lucky all the time," and Marco Ruas as "nothing special" and "basic". Ruas, who was known for challenging Rickson to a fight several times in his career, was quoted in return as: "Talk is cheap. He has to step up in the ring and prove what he says."
Though he had not fought in a sanctioned MMA contest in eight years, Gracie claimed in 2008 that he could still beat the current top fighters easily. In an interview with Tokyo Sports, Gracie argued that Fedor Emelianenko was a great athlete, but possessed "so-so" technical ability, and that he (Gracie) was "100% sure" that he could defeat him. Two years after, Gracie stated that he disagreed with those who view Emelianenko as "somehow special" and that he believed Emelianenko deserved to lose the decision in his fight with Ricardo Arona; described Brock Lesnar as having "zero defense from the bottom" in the fight against Carwin; and criticized Shane Carwin for what he perceived were deficiencies in Carwin's jiu-jitsu game, characterizing him as "strong as a bull but flimsy like a paper tiger." Previous critical comments that Gracie made about Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira (claiming that Nogueira had "no guard") prompted Wanderlei Silva to say that Gracie is "living in a fantasy world" and launch a new challenge to him.
His father Helio Gracie disputed Rickson's claim to have had over 400 fights. According to Hélio, Rickson has only competed in fights that are commonly known and reported: the two against Rei Zulu and those that took place in Japan. Helio Gracie alleged that Rickson uses practice and amateur bouts to obtain a number over 400, and that if he counted his fights like Rickson does, he would have in excess of one million. 
Rickson's only official loss in martial arts competition came at the 1993 U.S. Sambo Championships in Norman, Oklahoma. Rickson, claimed to be a former gold medalist at 1980 Pan American Sambo Championships at 74 kilograms, faced judo and sambo champion Ron Tripp. Tripp threw Gracie to the canvas by uchi mata in 47 seconds, thus giving Tripp absolute victory under FIAS International Sambo rules. Rickson disputed this loss, claiming he was misinformed of the rules of the event.
Mixed martial arts record
|Professional record breakdown|
|11 matches||11 wins||0 losses|
|Win||11–0||Masakatsu Funaki||Technical Submission (rear-naked choke)||C2K: Colosseum||May 26, 2000||1||12:49||Japan||Special rules: Knee and elbow strikes were forbidden.|
|Win||10–0||Nobuhiko Takada||Submission (armbar)||Pride 4||October 11, 1998||1||9:30||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||9–0||Nobuhiko Takada||Submission (armbar)||Pride 1||October 11, 1997||1||4:47||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||8–0||Yuki Nakai||Submission (rear-naked choke)||Vale Tudo Japan 1995||April 20, 1995||1||6:22||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||7–0||Koichiro Kimura||Submission (rear-naked choke)||1||2:07|
|Win||6–0||Yoshihisa Yamamoto||Technical Submission (rear-naked choke)||3||3:49|
|Win||5–0||Bud Smith||Submission (punches)||Vale Tudo Japan 1994||July 29, 1994||1||0:39||Urayasu, Chiba, Japan|
|Win||4–0||Dave Levicki||Submission (punches)||1||2:40|
|Win||3–0||Yoshinori Nishi||Submission (rear-naked choke)||1||2:58|
|Win||2–0||Rei Zulu||Submission (rear-naked choke)||Independent promotion||January 1, 1984||1||9:00||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|Win||1–0||Rei Zulu||Submission (rear-naked choke)||Independent promotion||April 25, 1980||1||11:55||Brasília, Brazil|
Submission grappling record
|Win||Joe Moreira||Submission (Choke)||V Copa Company - Absolute||1988|
|Win||Joe Moreira||Submission (Choke)||V Copa Company - Light Heavyweight||1988|
|Win||Rigan Machado||Submission (Rear-Naked Choke)||Independent promotion||1986|
|Win||Murilo Sa||Submission (Armbar)||Copa Cantao||1986|
|Win||Rigan Machado||Submission (Exhaustion)||III Copa Company||1986|
|Win||Otavio Peixotinho||Submission (Armbar)||LINJJI||1984|
|Win||Sergio Penha||Submission (Choke)||AABB||1981|
|Win||Sergio Penha||Submission (Armbar)||AABB||1981|
- Video by jiujitsumag> Rickson Gracie being awarded red belt by Rorion Gracie URL accessed July 06, 2017.
-  Archived July 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Rickson Gracie's Budo Challenge". Budochallenge.com. 1959-11-21. Archived from the original on May 3, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- "Official Federation Belt Rankings of Gracie Members Teaching in the U.S." Gracie USA Jiu-Jitsu. Retrieved 2010-10-16.
- "Gracie Family Tree". International Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Federation Family Tree. Archived from the original on September 17, 2009. Retrieved 2006-04-08.
- "Rickson Gracie: His Views on No-Holds-Barred Fighting May Surprise You!". Black Belt Magazine. Active Interest Media. 36 (5): 32–35. May 1998 – via Google books.
- "Legends of MMA Hall of Fame Award Ceremony" (Press release). Silver Legacy Reno. 2014-10-20. Archived from the original on February 23, 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
- Inside MMA Legends of MMA Hall of Fame Feature (video). Silver Legacy Reno: AXS TV Fights. November 2014.
- Rickson Gracie Promoted To Red Belt Kitt Canaria, July 6, 2017
- Rickson Gracie Promoted to Red Belt FloGrappling, July 6, 2017
- Fred Melo Paiva, Rei Zulu: "Isso de Carate, Kung-Fu, essa coisa de Jiu-Jitsu, eu arrebento é na porrada", Trip magazine, April 1999
- The Brazilian Colosseum, mmafighting.com
- Fellipe Awi, Filho teu não foge à luta, 2012, Editora Intrinseca
- The riot over Renzo Gracie vs Eugenio Tadeu, Bloody Elbow, May 8, 2013
- Rickson Gracie interview 2, Onthemat.com
- Jonathan Snowden (2012). Shooters: The Toughest Men in Professional Wrestling. ECW Press. ISBN 978-17-709022-1-3.
- "The first time I mounted him, about two minutes were left in the first round. I began striking him, and immediately an opportunity to attack his arm became available. I didn't take it initially because there was too much time left and I believed there was a possibility that Takada wanted me to attack his arm so he could trick me and reverse the situation to his advantage. So I waited until nearly the end of the round to prevent him from having enough time to counter. Then I ended the fight with an armbar." Rickson Gracie, In the ring with Takada at PRIDE IV, p.16, Black Belt Magazine, February 1999.
- Jonathan Snowden (2010). Total Mma: Inside Ultimate Fighting. ECW Press. ISBN 978-15-549033-7-5.
- "Wrestling News - Colosseum 2000 Puroresu News Archive". www.quebrada.net.
- "Rickson Gracie Interview after Funaki Masakatsu Fight". www.global-training-report.com.
- Robert W. Young, Rickson Gracie: The Legend of No-Holds-Barred Fighting Speaks Out on the State of Grappling Arts, Black Belt magazine, March 2001
- "August 2002 News Archive". www.ichibanpuroresu.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2016.
- "November 2002 - March 2003". www.ichibanpuroresu.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2016.
- Rickson vs Fujita, Fightsport, September 28, 2011
- K-1 Romanex, boutreview.com (in Japanese) (Translated)
- Monty DiPietro (January 1, 2008). "Sakuraba Still Dynamite!!". Onthemat. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
- "Joe Rogan Experience #524 - Rickson Gracie & Eddie Bravo". Joe Rogan. July 21, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
- "Choke (1999)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
- "Martial Arts vs. Crash Test Dummies: National Geographic's FIGHT SCIENCE". Kung Fu Magazine. Retrieved 2010-01-29.
- "BAS RUTTEN ON 'FIGHT SCIENCE', KIMBO & IFL". MMA Weekly. Archived from the original on 2008-08-23. Retrieved 2010-01-29.
- Marcelo Alonso (May 8, 2020). "Jose Padilha to Direct Netflix Film on the Life of Rickson Gracie". sherdog.com.
- Rickson Gracie interview 4, Onthemat.com
- "Wanderlei and Marco Ruas Challenge Rickson Gracie". AD Combat. July 6, 2005. Archived from the original (Reprint) on June 4, 2016. Retrieved 2016-04-30.
- Marco Ruas interview, Reocities
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter, May 12, 2008
- "Portal do Vale Tudo - Noticias sobre as artes marciais, novidades sobre UFC | tudo sobre o MMA | eventos de Jiu-Jitsu | lutas de Muay Thai | combates de Wrestling | Wanderlei Silva | Rodrigo Minotauro | Junior dos Santos | José Aldo | Anderson Silva | Dana White | UFC RIO". Portaldovt.com.br. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- "Helio Gracie: Rickson 400-0? I Don't Think So!". www.youtube.com. July 2, 2009. Retrieved 2014-11-12.
- Gracie jujitsu by Don Beu, Black Belt, August 1989, vol. 27, no. 8, p. 31.
- "Rickson Gracie interview: part one". FreeFight magazine. December 12, 2005. Archived from the original (Reprint) on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- "Rickson Gracie interview: part two". FreeFight magazine. December 12, 2005. Archived from the original (Reprint) on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- "Rickson speaks of hardest knockout of his life". Gracie Mag. November 20, 2010. Retrieved November 20, 2016.