Ricky McCormick's encrypted notes

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Ricky McCormick's encrypted notes
Found with body of McCormick in St. Charles County, Missouri
DateJune 30, 1999
Language(s)Unknown cipher
Author(s)Assumed to be McCormick
DiscoveredJune 30, 1999

Two hand-written documents were found in the pockets of murder victim Ricky McCormick when his body was discovered in a field in St. Charles County, Missouri on June 30, 1999. Attempts by the FBI's Cryptanalysis and Racketeering Records Unit (CRRU) and the American Cryptogram Association failed to decipher the meanings of those two coded notes, which are listed as one of the CRRU's top unsolved cases.[1] On March 29, 2011, the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation issued an appeal for help from the public in obtaining the meaning of the messages. A few days later, they updated their website to note the "outpouring of responses", and established a separate page[2] where the public can offer comments and theories.[3][4]



Ricky McCormick
Ricky C. McCormick

June 14, 1958
Diedc. June 25–28, 1999 (aged 41)
Known forvictim of unsolved homicide

McCormick was a high school dropout who had held multiple addresses in the Missouri/Illinois regions of St. Louis, Belleville and Fairview Heights, living intermittently with his elderly mother.[5] According to a 1999 article in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, McCormick suffered from chronic heart and lung problems. He was not married, but had fathered at least four children. He had a criminal record, and had previously served 11 months of a three-year sentence for statutory rape. At the time of his death, he was 41 years old, unemployed, and on disability.[6]

Discovery of body[edit]

McCormick's body was found on June 30, 1999 near a West Alton, Missouri cornfield by a woman driving along a field road off Route 367.[7] The reason he was 15 miles away from his then-current address is another mystery, as he did not own a car and the area was not served by public transportation.[8] Though the body had already somewhat decomposed, authorities used fingerprints to identify McCormick. There was no indication that anyone had a motive to kill McCormick and no one had reported him missing, so the authorities initially ruled out homicide, but no cause of death was officially determined at the time. McCormick was last seen alive five days earlier, on June 25, 1999, getting a checkup at St. Louis' now-defunct Forest Park Hospital.[5]


News stories in 1999 did not mention anything about cipher messages, which were not announced until 12 years later when the FBI listed the death as a murder, and posted a notice for help on the main page of their website. Investigators believe the notes in McCormick's pants pockets were written within the three days before his death.[9]

The two notes are written in an unknown code consisting of "a jumble of letters and numbers occasionally set off with parentheses" and are believed by the FBI to possibly lead to those responsible for the killing. Dan Olson, chief of the FBI's Cryptanalysis and Racketeering Records Unit, said, illustrating the significance of the notes, "Breaking the code could reveal the victim's whereabouts before his death and could lead to the solution of a homicide."[3][5] Attempts by both the FBI's Cryptanalysis and Racketeering Records Unit (CRRU) and the American Cryptogram Association failed to decipher their meaning, and Ricky McCormick's encrypted notes are currently listed as one of CRRU's top unsolved cases, with McCormick's killer yet to be identified.[1] According to members of McCormick's family, Ricky had not used encrypted notes as a boy, and apparently no one in his family knows how to decipher the codes, either.[3]

The Ricky McCormick Notes
Note 1
Note 1
Note 2
Note 2

The FBI has had so many responses with suggestions for the cipher that they later requested helpers to not call by phone nor use email.[10] An FBI news release has stated, "This story has generated an outpouring of responses. To accommodate the continuing interest in this case, we have established a page[11] where the public can offer their comments and theories about the coded messages."[12]


In a 2012 interview with the Riverfront Times, Ricky McCormick's family members said "they never knew of Ricky to write in code. They say they only told investigators he sometimes jotted down nonsense he called writing, and they seriously question McCormick's capacity to craft the notes found in his pockets".[13] His mother, Frankie Sparks, said "The only thing he could write was his name" and that "He didn't write in ... code",[13] and his father, Charles McCormick, said "Ricky couldn't spell anything, just scribble".[13]

Moreover, when McCormick died, officials told his family about the other contents of the victim's pockets, but it wasn't until twelve years later that a local news broadcast first informed them of the encoded notes.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "FBI can't crack the code in this murder case — can you?". KMBC-TV, MSNBC. March 30, 2011. Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
  2. ^ FBI — Cryptanalysts: Help Break the Code
  3. ^ a b c "Cryptanalysts, Part 2: Help Solve an Open Murder Case". Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Federal Government, U.S. Department of Justice. March 29, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
  4. ^ Martinez, Edecio (March 30, 2011). "FBI seeks public's help cracking cryptic notes in 1999 murder victim's pocket". Crimesider, CBS News. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
  5. ^ a b c Williams, Timothy (March 31, 2011). "F.B.I. Seeks Help Cracking Code in Victim's Notes". The New York Times. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
  6. ^ Staff (July 6, 1999). "Major Case Squad finds no evidence of a crime". St. Louis Post Dispatch. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
  7. ^ Anthony, Shane (July 2, 1999). "Body found in field puzzles police". St. Louis Post Dispatch. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
  8. ^ Tweedie, Neil (April 7, 2011). "Calling all codebreakers..." Daily Telegraph. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
  9. ^ "Calling all code-breakers! FBI asks for help in solving murder of man who had mysterious encrypted notes in his pocket". The Daily Mail. March 30, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
  10. ^ Joshua Rhett Mille (March 31, 2011). "FBI Flooded With Tips on Encrypted Notes From 1999 Murder Mystery". foxnews.com.
  11. ^ http://forms.fbi.gov/code
  12. ^ "Stories: Update". FBI. March 29, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
  13. ^ a b c d Tritto, Christopher (June 14, 2012). "Code Dead: Do the encrypted writings of Ricky McCormick hold the key to his mysterious death?". Riverfront Times. 36 (24). St. Louis. pp. 8–15. Archived from the original on March 7, 2018.

External links[edit]