Ricoh 2A03

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ricoh 2A03 / Ricoh 2A07
Produced From 1982 to 1994
Common manufacturer(s)
Max. CPU clock rate 1.79 MHz
Min. feature size 6 μm
Instruction set MOS 6502
Cores 1
  • Surface mount dual inline package (DIP)

The Ricoh 2A03 or RP2A03 (NTSC version) / Ricoh 2A07 or RP2A07 (PAL version) is the 8-bit microprocessor in the Nintendo Entertainment System video game console manufactured by Ricoh. It contained a second source MOS Technology 6502 core, lacking the 6502's binary-coded decimal mode, with 22 memory-mapped I/O registers that controlled an APU, rudimentary DMA, and game controller polling.[1] It was also used as a sound chip and secondary CPU by Nintendo's arcade games Punch-Out!! and Donkey Kong 3.

Regional variations[edit]

European and Australian versions of the NES used the Ricoh 2A07 or RP2A07 processor, which was identical to the 2A03 except for a different clock divider and the 50 Hz vertical refresh rate used in the PAL television standard.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Taylor, Brad (2004-04-23). "2A03 technical reference". Retrieved 2008-06-06.