Ricoh 5A22

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Ricoh 5A22
Ricoh 5A22-02
General information
Designed byRicoh
Max. CPU clock rate1.79 MHz  to 3.58 MHz 
Data width8-bit
Address width24-bit

The Ricoh 5A22 is an 8/16-bit microprocessor produced by Ricoh for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) video game console. It is based on the 8/16-bit WDC 65C816, which was developed between 1982 and 1984 for the Apple IIGS personal computer. It has 92 instructions, an 8-bit data bus, a 16-bit accumulator, and a 24-bit address bus. The CPU runs between 1.79 MHz and 3.58 MHz, and uses an extended MOS Technology 6502 instruction set.

Major features[edit]

In addition to the 65C816 CPU core, the 5A22 contains support hardware, including:


The CPU as a whole employs a variable-speed system bus, with bus access times determined by the memory location accessed. The bus runs at 3.58 MHz for non-access cycles and when accessing Bus B and most internal registers, and either 2.68 or 3.58 MHz when accessing Bus A. It runs at 1.79 MHz only when accessing the controller port serial-access registers.[1] It works at approximately 1.5 MIPS, and has a theoretical peak performance of 1.79 million 16-bit operations per second.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ anomie (December 21, 2008). "Anomie's SNES Memory Mapping Doc" (text). Retrieved April 24, 2022.