|City of Coventry Stadium|
|Full name||The Ricoh Arena|
|Former names||City of Coventry Stadium (2012 Summer Olympics)|
|Location||Phoenix Way, Rowleys Green, Coventry, England CV6 6GE|
|Owner||Wasps Holdings Ltd.|
|Operator||ACL (Arena Coventry Ltd.)|
|Field size||105 x 68 m|
|Construction cost||£113 million|
|Architect||The Miller Partnership|
|Coventry City (2005–2013, 2014–)
Wasps RFC (2014-)
2012 Summer Olympics
The Ricoh Arena (commonly known as the Ricoh) is a stadium complex situated in the Rowleys Green district of the city of Coventry, England, containing a 32,609-seater rugby union and association football stadium, a 6,000 square metres (65,000 sq ft) exhibition hall, a hotel and a casino. The site is also home to Arena Park Shopping Centre, containing one of the largest Tesco Extra hypermarkets. The site was previously the Foleshill gasworks. The stadium is named after its sponsor, Japanese company Ricoh, which paid £10 million for the naming rights over 10 years. For the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, where stadium naming sponsorship was forbidden, the stadium was known as the City of Coventry Stadium.
The arena was opened officially by Dame Kelly Holmes and sports minister Richard Caborn on 24 February 2007. By this time the arena had been open for a year and had already hosted a sell-out England U21 football match against Germany as well as a full season of Coventry City football matches.
The Ricoh Arena was the first cashless stadium in the United Kingdom, with customers using a prepay smartcard system in the grounds bars and shops. However, the stadium now accepts cash at all kiosks.
The arena has been operated by Arena Coventry Limited (ACL) ever since the stadium opened with Coventry City F.C. becoming tenants of the arena. ACL was owned jointly by Coventry City Council and the Higgs Charity until both shareholders were bought out by rugby union Premiership club Wasps in October and November 2014. Wasps' first home match in Coventry was on 21 December 2014 against London Irish.
- 1 History
- 2 Facilities
- 3 Accessibility
- 4 Rent dispute
- 5 Attendance
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Planning of New Stadium
The decision to move Coventry City Football Club from Highfield Road to a new stadium – with a larger capacity and better road links and parking facilities – was made in 1997 by the club's then chairman Bryan Richardson. It was anticipated that the new stadium would be ready for the 2000–01 season. Permission for the ground's construction was given in the spring of 1999, with a targeted completion date of August 2001. Actual construction was almost four years late – the final gas holder was not demolished until September 2002.
Coventry were one out of three cities to bid for England's new national stadium along with London and Birmingham. In 2001, Nick Nolan, the leader of Coventry City Council, claimed that their proposal was always the strongest as the construction could be completed within three years. The council's plan was to build a 90,000 all-seater stadium for a estimated cost of £250million. However, it was decided that Wembley, London would remain the location for the national stadium.
The original design for the arena was for a state-of-the-art 45,000 capacity stadium with a retractable roof and a pitch that could slide out to reveal a hard floor for concerts. After Coventry City's relegation in May 2001, a number of contractor/financier withdrawals and England's bid to host the 2006 FIFA World Cup ending in failure, the plans were significantly downsized to reflect new realities. By the summer of 2002, there were plans for a more basic 32,500-seat stadium in its place.
Naming of Stadium
The name comes from a sponsorship deal, reported to be worth £10 million over 10 years with camera and photocopier manufacturer Ricoh, though during construction the stadium was variously referred to as the Jaguar Arena, Arena Coventry and Arena 2000.
The sponsorship deal with Ricoh came about after the stadium's initial sponsor, the motor firm Jaguar, was forced to pull out because of the financial difficulties that had caused the controversial closure of the large Jaguar assembly plant at the city's Brown's Lane, previously a major source of employment in Coventry. On 4 August 2004, 12 months before the stadium's opening, it had been announced that the new stadium would be called the Jaguar Arena in a deal worth up to £7 million until 2015. However, the deal was cancelled on 17 December 2004. Ricoh's sponsorship of the new stadium was confirmed on 26 April 2005.
Football at the Ricoh
The arena became the venue for Coventry City's home games at the start of the 2005–06 season, following 106 years at the Highfield Road stadium. The first competitive football match played at the Ricoh Arena was against Queens Park Rangers on 20 August 2005, in front of a reduced (for safety reasons) 23,012 capacity crowd. The game ended 3–0 to Coventry, with Claus Bech Jørgensen becoming the first player to score at the arena. Hull City became the first away team to win at the Ricoh, easing their way to a 2–0 win on 24 September 2005, with both goals coming from John Welsh.
The Ricoh Arena has held a total of 3 England international matches with the arena hosting its first international game on 6 October 2006, when the England U-21 team played the German U-21 team in the first leg of a European U21 Championship qualifying play-off. England won the game 1–0, with the winning goal scored by Leighton Baines. On 17 May 2007, England U-19 team played their home fixture against Netherlands U-19 team in the Elite qualifying group round. Netherlands won the game 2-1. England U-21 team also played Macedonia U-21 team at the Arena on 9 October 2011 in a qualifying group fixture. England won the match 6-3 with Kieran Gibbs, Micah Richards, Andy Carroll (2) and Zavon Hines (2) grabbing the six goals scored by the victors.
The Ricoh Arena also became host to 2012 Olympic Football Matches, where the stadium hosted 12 tournament matches. The stadium was temporary renamed to City of Coventry Stadium due to sponsorships on venue names not being allowed by the International Olympic Committee.  In preparation for the Olympics, a test event on 23 April 2012 saw Oman play Senegal in the Olympic Qualifier 'Play-offs'. Senegal won 2–0 and took the final place in the men's 2012 Olympic draw. The first Olympic match, on 25 July 2012, was between Japan and Canada in Group F of the women's tournament. On 9 August 2012, the bronze medal game was held between France and Canada at City of Coventry Stadium. Canada won the bronze medal in a 1–0 stoppage time victory on a goal from Diana Matheson.
The stadium has never seen a capacity 32,600 crowd for a Coventry City Match but 2009 saw their highest attendance coming against Chelsea in an FA Cup quarter-final in 2009. This game was technically a sellout as the fan segregation took up a whole block and all available tickets were sold with the overall attendance being 31,407.
On 28 July 2011, a bronze statue of Jimmy Hill was unveiled at the entrance to the stadium after £100,000 was raised by Coventry City fans.  He managed the club from 1961 to 1967 and was responsible for guiding the club to the top flight. Despite this, Jimmy Hill decided to resign as manager for a career in television but later returned to the Sky Blues as managing director before becoming chairman.
A dispute between Coventry City and Arena Coventry Limited saw the football side play "home" matches at Sixfields Stadium, the home ground of Northampton Town Football Club. With the pressure of low attedances at Sixfields, Coventry City returned back to the Ricoh Arena on 5 September 2014 in a League One fixture against Gillingham.  This followed a payment of £470,000 from SISU to ACL after a Football League ruling.
During Coventry City's absence, Football Conference Youth Alliance Midland Division side FootballCV Reds agreed to play eight games at the stadium in January 2014. Leicester City's under-21 development squad played twice at the Arena on 29 January 2014 and 3 February 2014 due to waterlogged pitches at the original venues. The first game was behind closed doors but the second game against Manchester United was open to the public.
In August 2014 it was announced that Coventry City Ladies would be moving to the Ricoh Arena for the 2014–15 season. However the team had to return back to the Oval in Bedworth during the season after Wasps' purchase of the arena.
Rugby Union at the Ricoh
On 22 April 2007, the Ricoh Arena hosted its first ever Rugby Union Match with Wasps (then known as London Wasps) playing Northampton Saints in an all-English Heineken Cup Semi-Final affair. 16,186 fans saw Saints Captain Bruce Reihana score the first ever try at the stadium but the London Wasps came from behind to win 30-13 to secure a place in the final.
London Wasps (who went on to win the cup) again played at the Ricoh Arena against Munster on 10 November 2007 narrowly winning 24–23. The stadium hosted another Heienken Cup Semi-Final in the same season when Saracens chose it as their venue to play Irish side Munster. It was a close encounter that saw Munster win by two points with a score of 18-16.
On 28 March 2009, the Ricoh Arena hosted the EDF Energy Cup semi-finals. The first semi-final saw Gloucester beat their Welsh opponents Ospreys with a score of 17-0. A total of 26,744 people turned up with them also witnessing Cardiff Blues beat Northampton Saints 11-5.
Following their purchase of a 50% stake in the stadium in October 2014, Wasps announced that they would move their home matches there in December 2014. After Wasps purchased the remaining 50% from the Alan Edward Higgs Charity in November 2014, the club announced that the north stand would be renamed "The Higgs Charity Stand", and added that 50 pence would be donated to the charity from each ticket sold in that stand.
Wasps played their first home match at the Ricoh Arena against London Irish on 21 December 2014. The match saw Coventry-born Andy Goode set a Rugby Premiership record with the most points scored in a single match with a total of 33. It was not the only record broken at the time as the attendance of 28,254 meant it was the largest attendance at a Rugby Premiership match at a recognised home ground.
The Rugby Premiership attendance record was broken again when Leicester Tigers came to the Ricoh Arena. The overall attendance was 32,019 meaning it was the highest attendance at the stadium for a sporting event as well as the largest attendance at a Rugby Premiership match at a recognised home ground. Leicester Tigers beat Wasps by a score of 26-21 on their first trip to the Ricoh Arena.
Other Sporting Events at the Ricoh
The arena was selected to host the Great Britain versus Russia Group One second round tie of the 2013 Davis Cup tennis competition on 5–7 April. Great Britain earned a shock 3–2 victory over Russia after they were trailing 2–0 in the tie. On Friday 5 April, Russia's Dmitry Tursunov beat Great Britain's Dan Evans and Evgeny Donskoy defeated James Ward, which meant Russia were 2–0 up after Friday's ties. On Saturday 6 April, Great Britain won the double pairs match as Colin Fleming and Jonny Marray won against Igor Kunitsyn and Victor Baluda. On Sunday 7 April, Great Britain completed the comeback when James Ward got the win against Dmitry Tursunov and Dan Evans achieved victory against Evgeny Donskoy.
After the revival of the Champion of Champions snooker tournament, the Ricoh Arena was chosen as the venue for its first tournament since 1980. After a successful event, the Ricoh Arena has become the annual venue for the competition after hosting it again in 2014 and scheduled to host it in 2015.
Premier League Darts was held at the Ricoh on two occasions with the first being on 21 February 2008 and the second being on 19 February 2009. Due to the rising demand for tickets in the PDC, it has not been a venue since. Although, the venue has other minor PDC tourenments.
The stadium hosted its first ever American football game on 6 May 2007, when the Coventry Cassidy Jets beat then British national champions London Olympians 27–20. The Jets had hoped to play their inaugural EFAF Cup game against Madrid Bears on 29 April but they were forced to change venue. The Heineken Cup the previous week to the Madrid game had led to CCFC objecting in case of damage to the pitch.
Other events at the Ricoh
- The first concert held at the arena was by Bryan Adams on 23 September 2005. The bar in the Eon Lounge, overlooking the pitch, was named 'The Bryan Adams Bar' after the Canadian rocker.
- Almost 40,000 people saw Oasis play a concert at the stadium on 7 July 2009.
- Scouting for Girls performed on 30 November 2008, in the Jaguar Exhibition Hall.
- Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band performed a concert to a sell-out crowd of 37,262 on 20 June 2013 as part of their Wrecking Ball Tour.
- Multiplay's Insomnia Festival is hosted at the Ricoh Stadium.
The stadium bowl has a seating capacity of 32,500 with the overall capacity rising to 40,000 for concerts and has easy access to refreshments for customers from the many bar and food outlets around the bowl. Access for production is accessible via two main tunnels on the pitch and the stadium bowl also has back of house facilities meeting artist and production standards.
The Stadium Bowl is the main venue for its Sporting events as it hosts Coventry City's and Wasps' home fixtures as well as hosting top sporting events such as 2012 Olympic Football matches and Heineken Cup semi-finals.
It has also hosted music concerts with Bon Jovi, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Take That, Oasis, Pink, Kings of Leon all performing on the outdoor pitch. Coldplay also performed there with tickets selling out in ninety minutes.
Jaguar Exhibition Hall
The Jaguar Exhibition Hall is 6,000 square metres and column-free. The first ever gig at the Ricoh Arena was held in the Exhibition hall when Bryan Adams played to a sell-out 8,000 crowd. However, the capacity has since increased to a 12,000 standing capacity. Florence and the Machine, Scouting for Girls, The Enemy as well as the Specials (twice) have all performed in the hall.
There is 121 hotel bedrooms with 50 of them with pitch-side views of the Stadium Bowl. All of the rooms are en-suite as well as coming with access to Satellite TV and WiFi. The Singers Bar & Bistro is available for hotel guest to use, which is divided into a restaurant, bar area and coffee lounge.
The Casino is built under the ground and has a standalone Show Bar, which has had live entertainment such as Rebecca Ferguson performing. There is a 120 seater poker room as well as other Casino games on offer such as Blackjack, Roulette and Slots. There is a Gaming Lounge, which shows the big televised sporting events.
Arena Shopping Park
The Arena Shopping Park is also on the same site of the Ricoh Arena but is not operated by Arena Coventry Limited. It is instead owned by Tesco with a large Tesco Extra store available to customers. Other stores such as Next, New Look, Boots, Marks and Spencer and Decathlon are also at the shopping park with other smaller unit shops like Game, Clinton Cards and Thomson Holidays inside the mall where Tesco Extra is situated.
The stadium is situated on the northern side of Coventry, less than 1 mile south of junction 3 of the M6 motorway, on the A444 road from Coventry to Nuneaton. The railway line between Coventry and Nuneaton is immediately adjacent and plans for a station are advanced with a forecast opening date of 2015. Although officially designated as being situated in the Foleshill district, it is in fact located in the small suburb of Rowleys Green, between two larger suburbs, namely Holbrooks to the west, and Longford to the east. However, the stadium was constructed on the former site of the 'Foleshill' gasworks complex, although the Foleshill district itself begins more than a mile to the south east. The stadium is located within a quarter-mile of the boundary with Nuneaton and Bedworth and the county of Warwickshire. It is next to the Arena Park Shopping Centre.
From the City Centre, the Number 4 or 5 bus goes from the Coventry Transport Museum to the Arena Park Shopping Centre. When arriving by train to Coventry, the number 8 bus can be caught at the train station to the transport museum. The main railway station is six miles away from the stadium but there are plans for a Coventry Arena railway station with a forecast opening date of 2015 as the railway line between Coventry and Nuneaton is immediately adjacent. However, it was announced in August 2015 that the new station will be closed following major events at the stadium.
There is car parking available on Match days and concert days. Car Park A has 565 spaces and Car Park B has 555 spaces. Car Park C is accessible from the A444 Phoenix Way dual carriageway, which is just a short walk to the venue by footbridge or under the subway. There is no car parking available in side streets near the venue due to a strict residents' parking scheme enforced within two kilometres of the Ricoh Arena.
In December 2012, Coventry City owners SISU Capital became embroiled in a high-profile dispute with ACL over the rent arrangement and a lack of access to matchday revenue. The previously agreed rent amounted to £1.2 million per year, but did not give Coventry City access to matchday revenue. A deadline of 27 December 2012 was given by ACL for unpaid rent. After the deadline passed, a winding up order was enforced through the High Court. Subsequently, after ACL planned to place Coventry City FC Ltd into administration, the club itself entered administration, accepting a 10-point penalty from the Football League as a consequence. A further 10-point penalty was incurred when ACL refused to accept the terms of a CVA proposed by the administrator. Coventry City Football Club has since been bought by Otium Entertainment Group, but is still facing liquidation.
On 23 March 2013, Coventry City moved all its staff and club shop stock from the Ricoh Arena after a long dispute over rent and access to matchday revenue with the club.
Coventry City agreed to play their home games at Northampton Town's Sixfields Stadium to ensure that they fulfill their fixtures. This resulted in ACL threatening to sue Northampton Town if they decided to carry on hosting Coventry City's home games. Northampton Town released a club statement saying that they "will not be bullied or threatened".
ACL has since withdrawn its legal action against Northampton Town, but the latter said it intends to take action to recover legal costs already incurred. Northampton also demanded a public apology from ACL.
ACL and Sisu agreed a two-year deal to bring Coventry City back to the Ricoh Arena in 2014. The club also has the option to play at the Ricoh Arena for a further two years; they played their first match back at the Ricoh Arena on 5 September 2014 against Gillingham.
The table shows the highest attendances at the Ricoh Arena for sporting events, in order of attendance.
|Wasps 21–26 Leicester Tigers||Aviva Premiership||9 May 2015||32,019|||
|Coventry City 0–2 Chelsea||FA Cup quarter-final||7 March 2009||31,407|||
|Coventry City 0-3 Crewe Alexandra||Football League Trophy area-final||5 February 2013||31,054|||
|England U21 1–0 Germany U21||UEFA European U21 Championship qualifier||6 October 2006||30,919|||
|Saracens 16–18 Munster||Heineken Cup semi-final||27 April 2008||30,325|||
|Great Britain 0–2 Canada||Olympics Games women's quarter-final||3 August 2012||28,828|||
|Wasps 48–16 London Irish||Aviva Premiership||21 December 2014||28,254|||
|Coventry City 2–3 Leeds United||Football League Championship||6 November 2010||28,184|||
|Mexico 2–0 Gabon
South Korea 2–1 Switzerland
|Olympic Games men's group stage||29 July 2012||28,171|||
|Coventry City 0–5 West Bromwich Albion||FA Cup Fifth Round||16 February 2008||28,163|||
|Coventry City 1–1 Middlesbrough||FA Cup Fourth Round||28 January 2006||28,120|||
|Coventry City 1–1 Wolverhampton||Football League Championship||26 April 2008||27,992|||
|Coventry City 1–0 Gillingham||Football League One||5 September 2014||27,306|||
This table shows the average attendances for Coventry City's matches for each season played at the Ricoh Arena. In the 2013-14 season, the Sky Blues played their "home" fixtures at Sixfields Stadium in Northampton.
Please note that the Average Attendance for the 2014-15 season does not include home matches at Sixfields Stadium.
This table shows Wasps' average attendances for their league fixtures in each season at the Ricoh Arena.
Please note that the Average Attendance for the 2014-15 season does not include home matches played at Adams Park.
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- Welcome to the Cassidy Jets Website! – News[dead link]
- Welcome to the Cassidy Jets Website! – News[dead link]
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- Wasps. Wasps. 9 May 2015 http://www.wasps.co.uk/fixtures-results/match-report/fixture222897. Retrieved 9 May 2015. Missing or empty
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