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|Born||February 16, 1930|
Fort Pierce, Florida, USA
|Occupation||Film director, actor, producer, screenwriter, underwater cinematographer, stuntman|
Ricou Browning (born February 16, 1930) is an American film director, actor, producer, screenwriter, underwater cinematographer and stuntman. He is best known for his underwater stunt work, playing the Gill-man in Creature from the Black Lagoon, Revenge of the Creature and The Creature Walks Among Us. Other actors portrayed the creature on land. He is also the only actor to have portrayed the creature more than once. He is the only surviving Gill-man actor, and the last surviving original actor to portray any of the Universal Classic Monsters. Browning also co-created Flipper with Jack Cowden.
Browning made his feature film directorial debut with Salty (1973), which he also co-wrote with Cowden, and went on to direct Mr. No Legs (1978). Browning directed the underwater sequences in 1965's Thunderball, the fourth James Bond film by Eon Productions, as well as the Bond film Never Say Never Again (1983). He also directed the underwater scenes in the comedy films Hello Down There (1969) and Caddyshack (1980). A Florida native, Browning was inducted into the Florida Artists Hall of Fame in 2012.
Browning started a career in water shows, moving on to produce shows. Browning worked at Wakulla Springs in the 1940s and learned to perform in underwater newsreels conceived by Newt Perry, who later took Browning along when he opened Weeki Wachee Springs.
While working at Wakulla Springs in 1953, Browning was asked to show around a film crew scouting for shooting locations. According to Browning, "Their cameraman asked if I could swim in front of the cameras so they could get the perspective of the size of a human being against the fish and the grass. So I did." Days later, the crew offered Browning the role of the titular Gill-man in the film Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954). Browning accepted, and played the Gill-man in the film's underwater scenes, while actor Ben Chapman played the monster on land. Browning reprised his role as the underwater Gill-man in two sequels, Revenge of the Creature (1955) and The Creature Walks Among Us (1956).
He continued in movie production and joined Ivan Tors' studios in Florida, where he co-wrote and co-produced the 1963 film Flipper (about an intelligent bottlenose dolphin). Browning continued writing for the subsequent Flipper television series that debuted in 1964. He directed the underwater sequences in Hello Down There (1969), and directed the family film Salty (1973) and the cult film Mr. No Legs (1978). He also worked as second unit director, stunt coordinator and underwater sequence director on a number of features, including Thunderball (1965), Around the World Under the Sea (1966), Island of the Lost (1967), Caddyshack (1980), and Never Say Never Again (1983).
|1954||Creature from the Black Lagoon||Gill-man||Underwater scenes|||
|1954||20,000 Leagues Under the Sea||N/A||Stunt diver|||
|1955||Revenge of the Creature||Gill-man||Underwater scenes|||
|1956||The Creature Walks Among Us||Gill-man||Underwater scenes|||
|1964||Flipper's New Adventure||Dr. Burton|||
|1995||Behind the Scenes with Thunderball||Himself||Documentary film|
|2000||Back to the Black Lagoon: A Creature Chronicle||Himself||Documentary film|
|2006||The Witch's Dungeon: 40 Years of Chills||Himself||Documentary film|
|2010||Paws, Claws & Videotape||Himself||Documentary film|
|2010||Blob Town||Himself||Documentary film|
|2011||The Legend of Ivan Tors||Himself||Documentary film|
|1965||Thunderball||Second unit||Yes||Underwater scenes|||
|1966||Around the World Under the Sea||Second unit||Diving sequences|
|1967||Island of the Lost||Second unit||Underwater scenes|||
|1969||Hello Down There||Second unit||Underwater scenes|
|1973||Salty||Yes||Co-writer||Co-wrote with Jack Cowden|
|1978||Mr. No Legs||Yes|
|1979||Hot Stuff||Second unit|
|1981||Nobody's Perfekt||Second unit|
|1983||Never Say Never Again||Second unit||Underwater scenes|||
|1985||The Heavenly Kid||Yes|
|1986||Opposing Force||Yes||Stunt coordinator: Miami|
|1988||Police Academy 5: Assignment Miami Beach||Second unit|
|1958||Sea Hunt||Carlos||Episode: "Pressure Suit"|
|1965||Flipper||Water Skier/The Monster||2 episodes: "Lifeguard" and "Flipper's Monster"|
- Rizzo, Marian (July 18, 2013). "A Silver Springs story: Ricou Browning was the Creature". Star–Banner. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
- Paietta, Ann C.; Kauppila, Jean L. (1994). Animals on Screen and Radio. Scarecrow Press. p. 301. ISBN 978-0810829398.
- Voger, Mark (April 26, 2013). "Ricou Browning performed swimmingly as movie monster". NJ.com. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- "Ricou Browning | Florida Artists Hall of Fame". Florida Department of State. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
- Freese 2014, p. 30.
- "Wet and Wild: Ricou Browning Will Always Be The Creature from the Black Lagoon". People. Vol. 41 no. 12. April 4, 1994. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Dunne, Susan (August 23, 2016). "Creature From Black Lagoon Resurfacing For CT HorrorFest". Hartford Courant. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- Kinnard, Roy (1988). Beasts and Behemoths. Scarecrow Press. p. 68–69. ISBN 978-0810820623.
- Freese 2014, p. 31.
- "Marine Coordinator". Marine Coordinator. Archived from the original on January 26, 2021. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
- Warren, Bill (1997). Keep Watching the Skies! American Science Fiction Movies of the Fifties. McFarland & Company. p. 436. ISBN 9780786404797.
- "Flipper's New Adventure (1964) - Credits". TCM.com. Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- Maltin, Leonard (2012). Leonard Maltin's 2013 Movie Guide: The Modern Era. Plume. ISBN 978-0452298545.
- Freese, Gene Scott (2014). Hollywood Stunt Performers, 1910s–1970s: A Biographical Dictionary (second ed.). McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0786476435.
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