Ridder, Kazakhstan

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Ridder
Риддер
Official seal of Ridder
Seal
Ridder is located in Kazakhstan
Ridder
Ridder
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 50°21′N 83°31′E / 50.350°N 83.517°E / 50.350; 83.517Coordinates: 50°21′N 83°31′E / 50.350°N 83.517°E / 50.350; 83.517
Country Kazakhstan
Region East Kazakhstan Region
Founded May 31, 1786
Incorporated (city) February 10, 1934
Government
 • Akim (mayor) Zhomart Muratov
Elevation 730 m (2,400 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 50,500
Time zone UTC+6
Area code(s) +7 72336

Ridder (Kazakh and Russian: Риддер), formerly known as Leninogorsk (Russian: Лениногорск, 1941–2002) is a city in the East Kazakhstan Region in north-eastern Kazakhstan. Its population is approximately 50,500 (2009 Census results).[1] The city is situated in the south-western Altai Mountains and north-eastern of the region's capital, Oskemen, along the Ulba River, at an elevation higher than 700 metres.[2]

History[edit]

The fact that Altai Krai is rich in natural deposits was discovered during Empress Catherine the Great's reign. The history of Ridder started in 1786 when 9 troops of men were sent to the Altai region to search for natural resource deposits. One of these troops was headed by an officer, Philip Ridder. On May 31, 1786, he found a very rich deposit containing gold, silver and other metals.[3]

The same year, in summer, the settlement was founded there and it was named Riddersky pit. This was how the city was founded. The unique ores of the Riddersky deposit were noted by specialists of various levels and commissions. The deposit became known far beyond Russia. In 1850, Riddersky ores received the highest appreciation at the The Great Exhibition in London. In 1879 the samples were included into the museum collection of the Stockholm Royal Technical Institute.

During the early 20th century Ridder experienced a number of foreign concessions, revolution and Civil war. On February 10, 1934, the settlement of Ridder was designated a town.[4] In 1941, just before World War II, the town of Ridder was renamed to Leninogorsk (in honour of Lenin).

During the Soviet period, Leninogorsk saw significant industrial growth. Several plants were constructed - the lead plant was one of the first plants for the non-ferrous industry in Kazakhstan, while Leninogorsky cascade hydro power station was the only one in Kazakhstan and the second one in Soviet Union. Several other mines and factories, including the zinc plant, were built and the college of mining and metallurgy was opened in this period.

During World War II Leninogorsk produced about 50% of the high-quality lead in the whole Soviet Union. In 2002 the city received back its original name - Ridder.[5]

Economy[edit]

Ridder is a center of mining operations and processing of nonferrous metals. Other branches of industry include wood and textile industry, food production, and mechanical engineering.

Transport[edit]

The European route E40, originating in Calais, France, has its eastern terminus in Ridder. Over 8,000 kilometres (5,000 mi) long, it is the longest European route.

Ethnic Composition[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

Points of interest include a local museum and a botanical garden.

Sports[edit]

In March 2013, Ridder hosted the World Ski Orienteering Championships.

References[edit]

External links[edit]