Riein

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Riein
Former municipality of Switzerland
Riein 2011.jpg
Coat of arms of Riein
Coat of arms
Riein is located in Switzerland
Riein
Riein
Riein is located in Canton of Graubünden
Riein
Riein
Coordinates: 46°44′N 9°13′E / 46.733°N 9.217°E / 46.733; 9.217Coordinates: 46°44′N 9°13′E / 46.733°N 9.217°E / 46.733; 9.217
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Surselva
Area
 • Total 15.82 km2 (6.11 sq mi)
Elevation 1,270 m (4,170 ft)
Population (Dec 2011)
 • Total 67
 • Density 4.2/km2 (11/sq mi)
Postal code 7128
SFOS number 3579
Surrounded by Castrisch, Duvin, Pitasch, Safien, Sevgein, Tenna, Valendas
Website
SFSO statistics

Riein is a village and a former municipality in the district of Surselva in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. On 1 January 2014 the former municipalities of Riein, Castrisch, Ilanz, Ladir, Luven, Pitasch, Ruschein, Schnaus, Sevgein, Duvin, Pigniu, Rueun and Siat merged into the new municipality of Ilanz/Glion.[1]

History[edit]

Riein is first mentioned in 765 as Renino. In 960 it was mentioned as Raine.[2]

Geography[edit]

Riein in May 2009

Before the merger, Riein had a total area of 15.8 km2 (6.1 sq mi).[3] Of this area, 21.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 37.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (39.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Ilanz sub-district of the Surselva district. It is located at the entrance to the Lumnezia on a terrace east of the Glenner. It consists of the haufendorf village (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Riein and the hamlet of Signina, which joined Riein in 1904-05. Signina is separated from Reien by the Val da Riein.

Demographics[edit]

Riein had a population (as of 2011) of 67.[3] As of 2008, 1.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -22.2%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Romansh(63.4%), with German being second most common (35.2%) and Italian being third ( 1.4%).[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 45.7% male and 54.3% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Riein is; 6 children or 8.5% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 7 teenagers or 9.9% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 5 people or 7.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 9 people or 12.7% are between 30 and 39, 9 people or 12.7% are between 40 and 49, and 13 people or 18.3% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 8 people or 11.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 11 people or 15.5% are between 70 and 79, there are 2 people or 2.8% who are between 80 and 89 there is 1 person who is between 90 and 99.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 68.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (23%), the CVP (4.4%) and the SP (3.7%).[3]

In Riein about 50% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Riein has an unemployment rate of 0.54%. As of 2005, there were 15 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 6 businesses involved in this sector. people are employed in the secondary sector and there are businesses in this sector. 3 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 1 business in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][5]

year population
1850 218
1930 118
1950 126
1960 104
1970 91
1980 92
1990 89
2000 71

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (in German) accessed 13 December 2014
  2. ^ a b Riein in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 23 January 2014 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "SFSO" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics Archived August 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers Archived September 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links[edit]