Rigaud, Quebec

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Rigaud
Rigaud QC.JPG
Location within Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM
Location within Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM
Rigaud is located in Southern Quebec
Rigaud
Rigaud
Location in southern Quebec
Coordinates: 45°29′N 74°18′W / 45.483°N 74.300°W / 45.483; -74.300Coordinates: 45°29′N 74°18′W / 45.483°N 74.300°W / 45.483; -74.300[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontérégie
RCMVaudreuil-Soulanges
ConstitutedNovember 29, 1995
Government
 • MayorHans Gruenwald Jr
 • Federal ridingVaudreuil-Soulanges
 • Prov. ridingSoulanges
Area
 • Total114.00 km2 (44.02 sq mi)
 • Land99.12 km2 (38.27 sq mi)
Population
(2014)[4]
 • Total7,566
 • Density74.1/km2 (192/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 8.3%
 • Dwellings
3,254
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)450 and 579
Highways
A-40 (TCH)

Route 325
Route 342
Websitewww.ville.rigaud.qc.ca

Rigaud (French pronunciation: ​[ʁigo]) is a municipality in southwestern Quebec, Canada in the county of Vaudreuil-Soulanges in Vallée-du-Haut-Saint-Laurent region. The municipality is located at the junction of Ottawa River and Rigaud River. It is situated about 70 kilometres west of downtown Montreal and 130 kilometres east of Ottawa. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 7,346.

History[edit]

The town was named for Pierre François de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal, the last governor of New France.

Geography[edit]

Rigaud Bridge c. 1910
St. Pierre street, Rigaud, postcard

Rigaud is located at the northwestern part of the Suroît region, which is part of the Montérégie administrative region, on the Ontario-Quebec border. Across the Ottawa River lies the Laurentides region. Neighbouring municipalities are Hudson, Vaudreuil-Dorion (Hudson Acres), Sainte-Marthe, Très-Saint-Rédempteur, East Hawkesbury and Pointe-Fortune. The municipality located across Ottawa River is Saint-André-d'Argenteuil. The geographic location of Rigaud, at the head of the Ottawa River and then between the Montreal and Ottawa metropolitan areas, has contributed largely to its economic development throughout its history.

The land area of the municipality is 99 km². The relief is composed, on the North side, of the Ottawa River plain and, on the South side, of Mount Rigaud. The Ottawa River and Mount Rigaud are the main elements in the landscape. The plain is partly used for agricultural purposes and partly in bush. Mount Rigaud covers an area of 47 km². A lot of rock pieces scatter the woods all over the mountain. It is a moraine shaped by a glacier that, by moving, broke up from the bedrock of the Canadian Shield, fragments that it disaggregated and rounded by rolling over them, moving them and leaving them in this basin, some thousand years ago, at the end of the Wisconsin glaciation.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Canada census – Rigaud, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 7,346 (+8.3% from 2006) 6,780 (+11.2% from 2001)
Land area: 99.12 km2 (38.27 sq mi) 99.08 km2 (38.26 sq mi)
Population density: 74.1/km2 (192/sq mi) 68.4/km2 (177/sq mi)
Median age: 45.1 (M: 44.8, F: 45.4) 43.4 (M: 42.9, F: 43.8)
Total private dwellings: 3,254 2,923
Median household income: $56,775 $48,332
References: 2011[5] 2006[6] earlier[7]
Historical Census Data - Rigaud, Quebec[8]
YearPop.±%
1991 5,770—    
1996 6,057+5.0%
YearPop.±%
2001 6,095+0.6%
2006 6,780+11.2%
YearPop.±%
2011 7,346+8.3%
2016 7,777+5.9%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Rigaud, Quebec[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
7,260
5,615 Increase 9.7% 77.34% 1,225 Increase 5.6% 16.87% 125 Increase 127.3% 1.72% 295 Increase 9.3% 4.06%
2006
6,605
5,120 Increase 8.0% 77.52% 1,160 Increase 20.2% 17.56% 55 Decrease 8.3% 0.83% 270 Increase 54.3% 4.09%
2001
5,940
4,740 Decrease 1.4% 79.80% 965 Increase 14.2% 16.24% 60 Decrease 14.3% 1.01% 175 Decrease 16.7% 2.95%
1996
5,930
4,805 n/a 81.03% 845 n/a 14.25% 70 n/a 1.18% 210 n/a 3.54%

Attractions[edit]

Rigaud Mountain[edit]

Rigaud Mountain

The main attraction is Mont-Rigaud, a hill with downhill ski runs (at Ski Mont Rigaud), a private school (Collège Bourget), a monastery, and a shrine dedicated to the Virgin Mary (Sanctuaire Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes). The mountain is also home to an unusual, natural rock garden known as the "champs de patates", so named because of the local legend that it was once a potato field, turned to stone by God because the farmer worked on Sunday. On the opposite side of the mountain is a residential community known as "Mountain Ranches." The middle to upper-middle class community features large, mostly secluded building lots in a wooded setting that draws residents because of its isolated tranquility and privacy. As such, it was the hiding place for fugitive Charlie Wilson, one of the leaders of the notorious 1963 Great train robbery in England.

This area was also known for its "tree farms" in the 1960s and 1970s, providing a tax shelter for the well off, until the tax laws were later changed to require harvesting of those "tree farms". The "Pitcairn Tree Farm", was one such example.

Also located in Rigaud is the training center for the Canada Border Services Agency.

The communities of Dragon and Rigaud are found within the municipality.

Transportation[edit]

The Rigaud station was the former terminus of the AMT commuter train to downtown Montreal.

On July 1, 2010, service to Rigaud was discontinued, as the town was unable to pay the $300,000 annual fee to the AMT to allow service to continue to the town. After that date, the rail line ends at Hudson.[9]

The town is served by the 61 bus from the CIT La Presqu'Île.

Education[edit]

Commission Scolaire des Trois-Lacs operates Francophone schools.[10]

  • École de l'Épervière
  • Some areas are served by École Sainte-Marthe in Sainte-Marthe[11]

Lester B. Pearson School Board operates Anglophone schools.[12]

  • Soulanges Elementary School in Saint-Télesphore or Evergreen Elementary and Forest Hill Elementary (Junior Campus and Senior campus) in Saint-Lazare

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 311423 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Rigaud
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: VAUDREUIL--SOULANGES (Quebec)
  4. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Rigaud, Quebec
  5. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  9. ^ Montreal Gazette: "All aboard for the last train to Rigaud", April 23, 2010.
  10. ^ "Les écoles et les centres". Commission Scolaire des Trois-Lacs. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  11. ^ "Liste des bassins desservis par les écoles en 2017-2018." Commission Scolaire des Trois-Lacs. Retrieved on September 30, 2017.
  12. ^ "School Board Map." Lester B. Pearson School Board. Retrieved on September 28, 2017.

External links[edit]