Rigvedic deities

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There are 1,028 hymns ('sūkta's) in the Rigveda, most of them dedicated to specific deities. The most prominent deity is Indra, slayer of Vritra and destroyer of the Vala, liberator of the cows and the rivers; Agni the sacrificial fire and messenger of the gods; and Soma, the ritual drink dedicated to Indra, are additional principal deities. These deities were part of the historical Vedic religion, which existed from 1500–500 BCE [1]

Deities by prominence[edit]

List of Rigvedic deities by a number of dedicated hymns, after Griffith (1888). Some dedications are to paired deities, such as Indra-Agni, Mitra-Varuna, Soma-Rudra, here counted double. Vishvadevas (all gods together) have been invoked 70 times.

Minor deities (one single or no dedicated hymn)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Vedic religion". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  2. ^ Noel Seth,"Man's Relation to God in the Varuna Hymns," in the St. Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India, Ed. George Menachery, Vol.III, 2010, pp.4 ff.

External links[edit]