Rihards Zariņš

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Rihards Zarins
Rihards Zariņš
Rihards Zariņš
Born27 June 1869
Kocēni, Latvia
Died21 April 1939 (1939-04-22) (aged 69)
Riga, Latvia
Other namesZarriņš, Richards; Sarrinsch, Richard [1]
OccupationLatvian graphic artist
Zariņš on a 2019 stamp of Latvia

Rihards Zariņš (also Richards Zarriņš or Richard Sarrinsch in German; 27 June 1869 – 21 April 1939) was a prominent Latvian graphic artist.[2]

Life[edit]

He was born in Kocēni and grew up in Līgatne and later in Grīva. He pursued his studies in St. Petersburg, where he graduated in 1895 from the Stieglitz Central School for Technical Drawing. He then went on to further studies in Berlin, Munich, Vienna, where he studied lithography, and Paris, where he honed his skills in watercolour and pastels.

He returned to Russia where he was employed by the Russian Imperial Printing Office in St. Petersburg for 20 years, acting as technical director. From 1905 he was in charge of designing state papers. In 1919, he returned to newly independent Latvia where he was appointed director of the government printing house. He held that position for over 14 years and retired at the beginning of 1934. After a stroke, he lost his ability to speak; however, he continued to draw until the last day of his life.

Œuvre[edit]

Zariņš was one of the best-known Latvian graphic artists. His first works appeared in the early 1890s on the pages of the then-popular Latvian-language magazine, Austrums (The East), when he was still a student at the Stieglitz art school. He dedicated a great amount of time in the study of folk ornamentation, and under his leadership, the state publishers produced a monumental work on Latvian decorative arts.

During his career, the artist designed many stamps of the Russian Empire, Soviet Russia, Belarusian People’s Republic, and Latvia. He is an author of the very first Soviet stamps issued in 1918.

Zariņš was a prolific artist who produced many book illustrations, engravings and lithographs. His oeuvre also contains drawings, water-colour painting, and caricatures. Among his works of applied art are the design of the Latvian coat of arms as well as several designs for bank notes issued by the Printing Office,[3] and several coins of the Latvian lats.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rihards Zariņš (Biographical details) in: The British Museum, retrieved 28 February 2015.
  2. ^ Rihards Zariņš, Biography, retrieved 28 February 2015, Latvian.
  3. ^ a b Martuzāns, B.: Paper money used in Latvia, 1999–2002. URL last accessed 5 January 2007.
  4. ^ LATVIAN MONEY in: LATVIAN CULTURAL CANON Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 28 February 2015.