Riihimäki

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Riihimäki
Town
Riihimäen kaupunki
Riihimäki stad
Riihimäki railway station
Riihimäki railway station
Coat of arms of Riihimäki
Location of Riihimäki in Finland
Location of Riihimäki in Finland
Coordinates: 60°44′N 024°46′E / 60.733°N 24.767°E / 60.733; 24.767Coordinates: 60°44′N 024°46′E / 60.733°N 24.767°E / 60.733; 24.767
Country Finland
RegionTavastia Proper
Sub-regionRiihimäki sub-region
Charter1922
City rights1960
Government
 • City managerSami Sulkko[1]
Area
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total125.56 km2 (48.48 sq mi)
 • Land121.02 km2 (46.73 sq mi)
 • Water4.54 km2 (1.75 sq mi)
Area rank290th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[3]
 • Total28,757
 • Rank38th largest in Finland
 • Density237.62/km2 (615.4/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish97% (official)
 • Swedish0.4%
 • Others2.6%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1415.4%
 • 15 to 6461.8%
 • 65 or older22.8%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[6]20.5%
Websitewww.riihimaki.fi

Riihimäki (literally "Drying barn hill") is a town and municipality in the south of Finland, about 69 kilometres (43 mi) north of Helsinki and 109 kilometres (68 miles) southeast of Tampere. An important railway junction is located in Riihimäki, since railway tracks from Riihimäki lead to Helsinki, Tampere and Lahti. Several businesses also operate in Riihimäki. Notably, Würth Oy has its Finnish headquarters and logistics center in Riihimäki. Valio has a major dairy in the Herajoki part of Riihimäki. The famous Sako rifles are also produced in Riihimäki. Riihimäki also has the second-highest flagpole in Finland.

Travel Centre

The town is located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the Tavastia Proper region. The town has a population of 28,757 (31 March 2021)[3] and covers an area of 125.56 square kilometres (48.48 sq mi) of which 4.54 km2 (1.75 sq mi) is water.[2] The population density is 237.62 inhabitants per square kilometre (615.4/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Riihimäki is home to the Riihimäki Prison, which is, alongside Turku Prison, one of the prisons in the country with the highest security rating (A+), and is home to the country's most dangerous prisoners.[7][8]

History[edit]

Riihimäki was established around the Riihimäki railway station by the Helsinki–Riihimäki railway, and is one of the original stations on Finland's first railway between Helsinki and Hämeenlinna, which opened in 1862. It became the first railway junction in Finland when the Riihimäki – Saint Petersburg track's first section from Riihimäki to Lahti was opened in 1869. In 1907-1952 a narrow-gauge railway also operated between Riihimäki and Loppi. Today, the quickest way to travel between Riihimäki and Loppi is by car along the national road 54, which runs between Tammela and Hollola.

In 1910, a cavalry regiment was also established in the city.

In 1922, Riihimäki separated from Hausjärvi and became an independent market-town. Riihimäki got its city rights in 1960. It was home to the reputed Riihimäki Glass company that remained in business from 1910 through 1990.

The Finnish Glass Museum with its permanent display created by famous designer Tapio Wirkkala was opened in 1981.

A VR Class Hv1 steam locomotive#554 'Heikki' near Riihimäki Railway Station in Riihimäki

Sports[edit]

Notable individuals[edit]

Athletes[edit]

Politicians[edit]

The arts[edit]

Other[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Riihimäki is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Sami Sulkko on uusi kaupunginjohtaja - Riihimäen kaupunki". 15 August 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-08-15. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  5. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  6. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  7. ^ YLE: Huumeita ujutetaan vankiloihin yllätyssuklaamunien muovikoteloissa (in Finnish)
  8. ^ IL: Tältä näyttää Suomen korkeimman turvaluokituksen vankila - elinkautisvanki: ”Kai sitä ihminen tottuu joka paikkaan” (in Finnish)
  9. ^ "Aalborg Twin Towns". Europeprize.net. Archived from the original on 7 September 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013.

External links[edit]

Media related to Riihimäki at Wikimedia Commons