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Towpath (Jaagpad)
Flag of Rijswijk
Coat of arms of Rijswijk
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Rijswijk in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 52°2′N 4°19′E / 52.033°N 4.317°E / 52.033; 4.317Coordinates: 52°2′N 4°19′E / 52.033°N 4.317°E / 52.033; 4.317
ProvinceSouth Holland
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorMichel Bezuijen (VVD)
 • Total14.49 km2 (5.59 sq mi)
 • Land14.05 km2 (5.42 sq mi)
 • Water0.44 km2 (0.17 sq mi)
Elevation0 m (0 ft)
 (January 2019)[4]
 • Total53,467
 • Density3,805/km2 (9,850/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code070

Rijswijk (/ˈrsvk/ RYSSE-vyke, Dutch: [ˈrɛisʋɛik] (About this soundlisten)), formerly known as Ryswick (/ˈrɪzwɪk/ RIZ-wik) in English, is a town and municipality in the Western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. Its population was 53,467 in 2019, and it has an area of 14.49 km2 (5.59 sq mi), 0.44 km2 (0.17 sq mi) of which is water.

The municipality also includes the villages 't Haantje and Sion.


Rijswijk in 1867.
Dutch Topographic map of Rijswijk, June 2015

Archeological excavations indicate that this area of the coastal dunes was already inhabited some 5500 years ago. The formation of the village Rijswijk took place in the 13th century, and its history was dominated by presence of mansions and estates of the nobility and affluent. Among the many country estates known to have been in Rijswijk are:

  • Arentsburg
  • Burchvliet
  • Cromvliet
  • Den Burgh
  • De Voorde
  • Drievliet
  • 's-Gravenmade
  • Haag- en Delftzicht
  • Hilvoorde
  • Hoekenburg
  • Hofrust
  • Hoornwijk
  • Huis te Werve
  • Huis ter Nieuwburg
  • Oversteen
  • Overvoorde
  • Schoonoord
  • Sion
  • Steenvoorde
  • Te Blotinghe
  • Tollenshuis
  • Vredenoord
  • Welgelegen
  • Zuidhoorn

The Treaty of Ryswick was signed at the Huis ter Nieuwburg in 1697, ending the Nine Years' War. A monument, the Needle of Rijswijk (1792), was erected to commemorate the treaty in the Rijswijk Forest.

Rijswijk, church (de Oude Kerk) in the street

Until 1900 Rijswijk remained a relative small community but it became urbanized during the 20th century when it expanded rapidly. Today, Rijswijk's area has almost been completely built-up. The last major development is the new Ypenburg neighbourhood, built on the lands of the former Ypenburg Airfield but this part of Rijswijk was annexed by The Hague in 2002. Rijswijk is part of the Haaglanden conurbation. During the years its built-up area has grown to the point where it has effectively merged with The Hague, even though it is still a separate municipality.

Up until 2009 Rijswijk had a polytechnic college for applied sciences; TH Rijswijk (Technische Hogeschool Rijswijk). After a merger with the Haagse Hogeschool, this was moved to the campus of the TUDelft in Delft. The building still remains.

Istana Negara, one of the six presidential palaces of Indonesia, in the Jakarta neighbourhood of Harmoni (formerly Rijswijk-Molenvliet), was called Palais te Rijswijk during Dutch colonial times.


Station Rijswijk


Rijswijk is home to:


  • Wilhelminapark [nl]
  • The Von Fisenne [nl] Park has a petting zoo.
  • Sports park 'De Schilp' has an indoor swimming pool.
  • Museum Rijswijk located at Herenstraat 67, 2282 BR Rijswijk has many works of art

The largest shopping center is called 'In de Bogaard' and smaller shops are located in the old town center (Herenstraat). There is the old Schaapweimolen (windmill). De Broodfabriek holds many fairs and events.

Notable residents[edit]

Dionysius Koolen, 1925
Sigrid Kaag, 2018

Public thinking & Public Service[edit]

The Arts[edit]

Piet van der Touw, 1963



  1. ^ "Burgemeester" [Mayor] (in Dutch). Gemeente Rijswijk. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 2284DP". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.

External links[edit]