Riley, Indiana

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Riley, Indiana
Town
Riley, Indiana.jpg
Location of Riley in the state of Indiana
Location of Riley in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 39°23′23″N 87°18′2″W / 39.38972°N 87.30056°W / 39.38972; -87.30056Coordinates: 39°23′23″N 87°18′2″W / 39.38972°N 87.30056°W / 39.38972; -87.30056
Country United States
State Indiana
County Vigo
Township Riley
Area[1]
 • Total 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
 • Land 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 564 ft (172 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 221
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 221
 • Density 2,455.6/sq mi (948.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 47871
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-64512[5]
GNIS feature ID 442015

Riley, once known as Lockport, is a town in Riley Township, Vigo County, in the U.S. state of Indiana.[6] The population was 221 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Terre Haute Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The original town of Lockport was platted on November 23, 1836, by Nathaniel Donham. It was known as Lockport due to its importance during the building of the Wabash and Erie Canal from 1847-1850. The canal town became a significant trading point along the waterway. Though the canal closed in 1873, the building of several different railroads kept the community as a place for trade.[7] The town originally had various mills, sawmills and tanneries, but all were burned at different times. It was also notable in the grain market.[8]

In 1911, the town took the name of its post office and became Riley. For several decades, Riley sustained a healthy coal mining industry including a strip mine just south of town, operated by the Maumee Colleries Company as late as 1936. In the second half of the twentieth century, Riley included a small suburban residential community.[7]

Geography[edit]

Riley is located at 39°23′23″N 87°18′2″W / 39.38972°N 87.30056°W / 39.38972; -87.30056 (39.389838, -87.300420).[9]

At one time, the Wabash and Erie Canal ran through Riley and there are remnants of locks and the canal in several places.

According to the 2010 census, Riley has a total area of 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2), all land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 260
1940 287 10.4%
1950 251 −12.5%
1960 248 −1.2%
1970 257 3.6%
1980 269 4.7%
1990 232 −13.8%
2000 160 −31.0%
2010 221 38.1%
Est. 2015 218 [10] −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census,[3] there were 221 people, 93 households and 57 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,455.6 inhabitants per square mile (948.1/km2). There were 103 housing units at an average density of 1,144.4 per square mile (441.9/km2). The racial make-up of the town was 97.7% White, 0.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.

There were 93 households of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.7% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the town was 32.8 years. 27.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.4% were from 25 to 44; 18.1% were from 45 to 64; and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older. The sex make-up of the town was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[5] there were 160 people, 76 households and 44 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,747.7 per square mile (686.4/km²). There were 83 housing units at an average density of 906.6 per square mile (356.1/km²). The racial make-up of the town was 99.38% White, and 0.62% from two or more races.

There were 76 households of which 21.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.76.

21.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 26.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 83.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.

The median household income was $28,333 and the median family income was $35,833. Males had a median income of $31,667 and females $23,750. The per capita income for the town was $13,616. About 15.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 22.2% of those sixty five or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2015. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Riley, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2016-07-13. 
  7. ^ a b Vigo County, Indiana. (1984). Vigo County Interim Report. Indiana. pp. 67–68. 
  8. ^ Bradsby, H.C. (1891). History of Vigo County, Indiana, with Biographical Selections. Chicago: S. B. Nelson & Co. pp. 475–476. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.