Rimouski

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Rimouski
City
Skyline of Rimouski with the St. Lawrence River in the background
Skyline of Rimouski with the St. Lawrence River in the background
Official seal of Rimouski
Seal
Coat of arms of Rimouski
Coat of arms
Motto(s): Legi patrum fidelis (Fidèles à la loi de nos pères)
Location within Rimouski-Neigette RCM
Location within Rimouski-Neigette RCM
Rimouski is located in Eastern Quebec
Rimouski
Rimouski
Location in eastern Quebec
Coordinates: 48°27′N 68°32′W / 48.45°N 68.53°W / 48.45; -68.53Coordinates: 48°27′N 68°32′W / 48.45°N 68.53°W / 48.45; -68.53[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionBas-Saint-Laurent
RCMRimouski-Neigette
ConstitutedJanuary 1, 2002
Government[2]
 • MayorMarc Parent
 • Federal ridingRimouski-Neigette—Témiscouata—Les Basques
 • Prov. ridingRimouski
Area[2][3]
 • City529.50 km2 (204.44 sq mi)
 • Land339.84 km2 (131.21 sq mi)
 • Urban[4]40.82 km2 (15.76 sq mi)
 • Metro[5]631.22 km2 (243.72 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • City46,860
 • Density137.9/km2 (357/sq mi)
 • Urban[4]37,664
 • Urban density922.6/km2 (2,390/sq mi)
 • Metro[5]50,912 (62nd)
 • Metro density80.7/km2 (209/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011Increase 3.7%
 • Dwellings22,703
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)G5L to G5N
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways
A-20

Route 132
Route 232
Geocode24 10043
PeopleRimouskois, Rimouskoises
Websitewww.ville.rimouski.qc.ca

Rimouski (/ˌrɪmu'ski/) is a city in Quebec, Canada. Rimouski is located in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region, at the mouth of the Rimouski River. It has a population of 46,860 (as of 2011). Rimouski is the site of Université du Québec à Rimouski, the Cégep de Rimouski (which includes the Institut maritime du Québec) and the Music Conservatory. It is also the home of some ocean sciences research centres (see below).

History[edit]

The city was founded by Sir René Lepage de Ste-Claire in 1696. Originally from Ouanne in the Burgundy region, he exchanged property he owned on the Île d'Orléans with Augustin Rouer de la Cardonnière for the Seigneurie of Rimouski, which extended along the St. Lawrence River from the Hâtée River at Le Bic to the Métis River. De la Cardonnière had been the owner of Rimouski since 1688, but had never lived there. René Lepage moved his family to Rimouski, where it held the seigneurie until 1790, when it was sold to the Quebec City businessman Joseph Drapeau.

"Maison Lamontagne"

The "Maison Lamontagne" was built in 1750 per Marie-Agnès Lepage, granddaughter of René Lepage de Ste-Claire. It carries now the surname of the family that resided at it in 1844. It is one of the oldest half-timbered houses in Quebec and is within what is now called the District of Rimouski-Est.

Today, a boulevard, park and monument at the western entrance of Rimouski bear the name of René Lepage.

The "Red Night"[edit]

On May 6, 1950 Rimouski suffered a severe fire, in which 319 houses burned to the ground. This event is known as La nuit rouge (French for Red Night). The fire originated in the Price Brothers Company yard on the left shore of the Rimouski River and quickly crossed the river and spread throughout the city pushed by strong winds, destroying half of the city. No one died in the blaze. Legend has it that a priest sprinkled holy water around the city's cathedral and that the fire would not cross the line.

Economy[edit]

Health[edit]

Regional Hospital of Rimouski

The largest employer in Rimouski and the region is the Regional Hospital of Rimouski with 2200 employees and 170 doctors. It handles a budget of more than 150 million dollars. Since 2004 the hospital is known as CSSS Rimouski-Neigette. The hospital serves the large majority of patients in the region as far as Gaspé. Several medical specialties are present at the hospital such as cardiology, endocrinology, fertility, gastroenterology, hematology, obstetric-gynecology, neurology, oncology, otorhinolaryngology, orthopedic, pediatric, rheumatology, surgery, and urology. The hospital also has several departments such as emergency, intensive care, and pharmacy. Several medical clinics surround the hospital located on Rouleau Avenue. The CLSC however is located in front of the obstetrics and gynecology clinic on du Gouverneur Street.

Maritime sector[edit]

One of Rimouski's primary economic fields is its maritime sector. Around 1900 the port was important for operating mail tenders such as HMCS Lady Evelyn for transatlantic liners. These could take mail from an arriving ship in the mouth of the St Lawrence, then speed it by rail to Quebec, arriving long before the ship. The town welcomes students at the Institut Maritime du Québec, which offers exclusively marine-related programs of studies. Rimouski is also the home of many marine research centres, such as the Institut des sciences de la mer (ISMER), the Centre de recherche sur les biotechnologies marines and the Centre interdisciplinaire de développement en cartographie des océans.

Rimouski is also home to the headquarters of the St. Lawrence Global Observatory,[2] an inter-institutional group seeking to provide, through its Internet portal, an integrated and rapid access to data and information concerning the global ecosystem of the St. Lawrence, in order to promote sustainable management.

A ferry named the CNM Evolution traverses to Forestville twice daily from May to September.[6][7]

The port operates five berths ranging from 130 to 213 metres in length, with a water depth of 7.3 metres, and is mainly used for the transshipment of salt.[8]

Transportation and tourism[edit]

The Walk of the Sea at Rimouski.

The city is served by the municipal Rimouski Airport (IATA airport code YXK), which caters to general aviation and cargo aircraft, and by the regional Mont-Joli Airport (YYY), 35 km to the east of Rimouski, which caters to commercial passenger aircraft. There are daily passenger flights to destinations in Quebec (Quebec City, Montreal, and others) and Newfoundland and Labrador.

Between April and October, the CNM Evolution, a ferry service, operates across the Saint Lawrence River between Rimouski and Forestville, Quebec. This ferry is the fastest in the province of Quebec, crossing the river in only 55 minutes.[citation needed]

One end of the Nordik-Express line is in Rimouski; other stops (on the North Shore) of this weekly 1150km-long line are in Sept-Îles, Port-Menier, Havre-Saint-Pierre, Natashquan, Kegaska, La Romaine, Harrington Harbour, Tête-à-la-Baleine, La Tabatière, Pointe-a-la-truite, Blanc Sablon and St. Barbe.[9] All stops are in the Quebec, except St. Barbe, which is in Newfoundland and Labrador.

The Canadian National south shore railway passes through town, and there is a VIA Rail service three times weekly, which transits just after midnight to Quebec City.[citation needed]

The Orleans Express bus service also serves Rimouski; Rimouski station is on the main thoroughfare from Quebec City to the maritime provinces.

One of the town's main tourist attractions is the Site historique maritime de la Pointe-au-Père, which features an exhibit on the RMS Empress of Ireland disaster and the Pointe-au-Père lighthouse. The museum's exhibit on the RMS Empress of Ireland disaster commemorates the loss of 1,012 persons in the most fatal shipwreck in the 20th century, after the infamous Titanic tragedy.

Culture[edit]

Rimouski has an active cultural life, being the host of the festivals like Festi Jazz International since 1982, the Grandes fêtes du St-Laurent, a familial musical event taking place the first week-end of July and an international films festival, the Carrousel international du film de Rimouski.

In November, the town is the host of the yearly Salon du Livre de Rimouski, the oldest event of the kind in the province of Quebec. It was created in 1964 by a group of women with a passion for literature, who wished to make literature more accessible to young readers. Every year, more than 125 authors from the region and its surroundings participate in the event, and over 300 Quebec Publishers distribute about 75 stands among themselves. Supported by Canada Heritage, the Canada Council of the Arts, the Society of development of the cultural companies of Quebec and the city of Rimouski, the event attracts more than 8000 visitors per year.

Sports[edit]

The town is also enthusiastic about sporting events. The town hosted the Jeux du Québec in 2001 and was the host of the Memorial Cup Tournament in 2009.

Since 1995, the town has been home to a QMJHL team, the Rimouski Océanic. Former Océanic players include Sidney Crosby, Vincent Lecavalier, Michel Ouellet and Brad Richards.

Climate[edit]

Rimouski has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with cold, snowy winters and warm summers.

Climate data for Rimouski (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
12.5
(54.5)
21.1
(70)
29.0
(84.2)
32.8
(91)
35.0
(95)
36.0
(96.8)
33.9
(93)
33.0
(91.4)
26.5
(79.7)
21.5
(70.7)
15.0
(59)
36.0
(96.8)
Average high °C (°F) −7.4
(18.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.0
(32)
7.3
(45.1)
14.8
(58.6)
20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
22.1
(71.8)
17.2
(63)
10.0
(50)
3.2
(37.8)
−3.3
(26.1)
8.5
(47.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.4
(11.5)
−9.4
(15.1)
−4.1
(24.6)
3.3
(37.9)
9.9
(49.8)
15.4
(59.7)
18.3
(64.9)
17.3
(63.1)
12.9
(55.2)
6.6
(43.9)
0.3
(32.5)
−6.7
(19.9)
4.4
(39.9)
Average low °C (°F) −15.4
(4.3)
−13.5
(7.7)
−8.1
(17.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.9
(40.8)
10.2
(50.4)
13.3
(55.9)
12.6
(54.7)
8.5
(47.3)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
−10
(14)
0.2
(32.4)
Record low °C (°F) −33
(−27)
−32
(−26)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−22
(−8)
−7.2
(19)
0.0
(32)
3.0
(37.4)
0.0
(32)
−1.1
(30)
−7.8
(18)
−16.5
(2.3)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−33
(−27)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.1
(2.799)
64.7
(2.547)
60.4
(2.378)
65.4
(2.575)
84.8
(3.339)
84.9
(3.343)
91.3
(3.594)
85.5
(3.366)
87.9
(3.461)
91.5
(3.602)
83.5
(3.287)
87.6
(3.449)
958.5
(37.736)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 8.0
(0.315)
8.2
(0.323)
14.6
(0.575)
50.8
(2)
83.5
(3.287)
84.9
(3.343)
91.3
(3.594)
85.5
(3.366)
87.9
(3.461)
89.7
(3.531)
56.7
(2.232)
25.4
(1)
686.5
(27.028)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 63.1
(24.84)
56.4
(22.2)
45.8
(18.03)
16.1
(6.34)
1.3
(0.51)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.8
(0.71)
26.8
(10.55)
62.2
(24.49)
273.5
(107.68)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 15.1 12.3 11.5 12.7 14.4 14.6 15.3 13.8 14.2 15.4 13.3 14.2 166.7
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 1.4 1.6 3.4 10.1 14.3 14.6 15.3 13.8 14.2 15.3 8.6 3.0 115.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 14.2 11.2 8.4 3.4 0.46 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.43 6.0 11.9 56.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 52.8 89.3 134.3 155.4 192.2 217.2 231.5 221.1 157.7 95.8 55.3 51.9 1,654.5
Percent possible sunshine 19.4 31.3 36.5 38.0 40.8 45.1 47.7 49.8 41.6 28.5 19.9 19.9 34.9
Source: Environment Canada[10][11]

Municipal council[edit]

The city is divided into 11 districts. Six of those districts (Pointe-au-Père, Sainte-Blandine, Rimouski-Est, Sainte-Odile-sur-Rimouski and Le Bic) were small communities but were merged within Rimouski in 2002, except for Le Bic, which was merged in 2009. The municipal council is composed of the mayor and eleven councillors, each one representing a district. The municipality is not twinned with any other.[12]

mandate fonctions name(s)
2009–2013 Mayor Marc Parent
Districts
#1 Sacré-Coeur Sébastien Bolduc
#2 Nazareth Rodrigue Joncas
#3 Saint-Germain Jennifer Murray
#4 Rimouski-Est Cécilia Michaud
#5 Pointe-au-Père Jacques Lévesque
#6 Sainte-Odile Gregory Thorez
#7 Saint-Robert Jocelyn Pelletier
#8 Terrasse Arthur-Buies Karol Francis
#9 Saint-Pie X Simon St-Pierre
#10 Sainte-Blandine/Mont-Lebel Dave Dumas
#11 Le Bic Virginie Proulx

Notable residents[edit]

The artist Philomène Belliveau lived and died in Rimouski.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 98682 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 10043 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ a b "Rimouski Quebec (Ville)". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-26.
  4. ^ a b "Rimouski Quebec (Population centre)". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-26.
  5. ^ a b "Rimouski Quebec (Census agglomeration)". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-26.. The census agglomeration consists of Rimouski, Saint-Anaclet-de-Lessard, Saint-Narcisse-de-Rimouski. In the 2006 census, the census agglomeration had also included Saint-Valérien.
  6. ^ quebecmaritime.com: "Rimouski - Forestville Ferry"
  7. ^ Traverse Rimouski-Forestville: "Accueil"
  8. ^ Arrimage Quebec: "Port of Rimouski"
  9. ^ gouv.qc.ca: "Traverses et dessertes maritimes du Quebec"[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Rimouski, Quebec". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "Rimouski, Quebec". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  12. ^ annuaire-mairie.fr: "La ville de Rimouski"
  13. ^ "Philomène Belliveau" (in French). Société Culturelle de la Vallée de Memramcook.

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]