Ringgold identifier

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Ringgold ID
Ringgold logo
Ringgold logo
SubjectOrganizations in the publishing industry supply chain
Full nameRinggold Identifier
  • Ringgold, Inc.
  • Ringgold, Ltd.
Introduced2003 (2003)
No. issued>480,000
ExampleRIN 5072 (Wellcome Trust)
Websitewww.ringgold.com/ringgold-identifier/ Edit this at Wikidata

A Ringgold Identifier (Ringgold ID or RIN) is a persistent numeric unique identifier for organizations in the publishing industry supply chain.[1][2] Ringgold's Identify Database includes almost 500,000 Ringgold IDs representing organizations and consortia who acquire scholarly publications and content.[3]

The Ringgold ID was introduced in 2003. Ringgold developed it in response to an issue raised by Oxford University Press, namely how to identify institutional subscribers unambiguously.[4] The system is owned and administered by Ringgold, Inc. and Ringgold, Ltd., who also publish a taxonomy for classifying the subject interests of the listed organizations.[1][5]

Ringgold is an International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) registration agency,[6] and as such the US National Information Standards Organization (NISO) recommended that Ringgold IDs be used to identify organizations involved in scholarly communications. Ringgold Identifiers are used by ORCID, to record the institutional affiliation of individual researchers.[6][7]


  1. ^ a b "Ringgold Inc". Ringgold Inc. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Institutional Identifiers (I2)". National Information Standards Organization. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Solutions - Identify Database". Ringgold Inc. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Ringgold Identifier". Ringgold Inc. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  5. ^ "UKSG eNews". JISC. 2013-03-12. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  6. ^ a b "ORCID to begin using Ringgold as Registration Agency". ISNI. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  7. ^ "How are organizations identified in ORCID? – FAQs about the ORCID API". ORCID. Retrieved 29 January 2018.

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