Ringwood, Hampshire

Coordinates: 50°51′N 1°47′W / 50.85°N 1.78°W / 50.85; -1.78
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ringwood
The Original White Hart Pub, Market Place, Ringwood
Ringwood is located in Hampshire
Ringwood
Ringwood
Location within Hampshire
Population13,943 [1]
14,181 (2011 Census)[2]
OS grid referenceSU1505
Civil parish
  • Ringwood
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townRINGWOOD
Postcode districtBH24
Dialling code01425
PoliceHampshire and Isle of Wight
FireHampshire and Isle of Wight
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°51′N 1°47′W / 50.85°N 1.78°W / 50.85; -1.78
Market Place, Ringwood
Church of St Peter and St Paul
Old bridge over the River Avon
18th century Meeting House
Ringwood Brewery

Ringwood is a market town in south-west Hampshire, England, on the River Avon close to the New Forest, northeast of Bournemouth and southwest of Southampton. It was founded by the Anglo-Saxons, and has held a weekly market since the Middle Ages.

History[edit]

Ringwood is recorded in a charter of 961, in which King Edgar gave 22 hides of land in Rimecuda to Abingdon Abbey.[3] The name is also recorded in the 10th century as Runcwuda and Rimucwuda.[4] The second element wuda means a 'wood'; rimuc may be derived from rima meaning 'border' or 'rim', hence "border wood".[5] The name may refer to Ringwood's position on the fringe of Ringwood Forest, or on the border of Hampshire.[4] William Camden in 1607 gave a much more fanciful derivation, claiming that the original name was Regne-wood, the Regni being an ancient people of Britain.[6][7]

In the Domesday Book of 1086, Ringwood (Rincvede) had been appropriated by the Crown and all but six hides taken into the New Forest.[8] Prior to 1066 Ringwood had been held by Earl Tostig.[8] During the 12th and early 13th centuries Ringwood, like other manors of which John and Henry III had the immediate overlordship, frequently changed hands.[9] Thus it was held by Roland de Dinan, a Breton lord, in 1167; Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester before 1204; Theodoric the Teuton, a servant of King John, after 1204; William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, in 1217, and intermittently by the third and fourth Earls up to 1237; Simon de Steyland, the King's clerk, around 1237; John son of Geoffrey, described as "of the lands of the Bretons", from 1240; Nicholas of Ely, Bishop of Winchester, from about 1272; and then by three successive queens: Queen Eleanor, Queen Margaret, and Queen Isabella, from 1280 until 1331.[9]

In January 1331, Ringwood and other manors which Isabella had previously surrendered were granted to William Montagu, 1st Earl of Salisbury, whose descendants with some intermission held it for more than two centuries, until the death of Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury in 1541.[9] It was held by Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset until his execution in 1552, and then briefly by John Gates who was executed in 1553.[9] Queen Mary granted the lands to Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon, but by the middle of the 17th century the manor had passed to the Arundells of Wardour, and in 1728 was in the hands of Henry Arundell, 6th Baron Arundell of Wardour.[9] His grandson, the eighth Baron, sold it in 1794 to John Morant of Brockenhurst, and the Morant family held the manor throughout the 19th century.[9]

In 1108, it was recorded that the tenants of the "manor of Ringwood and Harbridge" had common rights in the New Forest, among the knights and esquires, for their farm beasts and plough beasts between "Teg att Brokelisford" and "Ostaven" and in the vill of Beaulieu for all their livestock except goats and geese: for this they paid the King an annual agistment.[9] A valuation of the manor made at the end of the 13th century records the tenants services included mowing the lord's meadow, haymaking on eight acres in "Muchelmershe," carting the hay and making a rick; they were to repair the mills and the houses within the court.[9]

A mill in Ringwood is mentioned in the Domesday Book and later there were two.[9] In March 1226 Henry III granted a weekly market in Ringwood on Wednesdays to Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke and Gervaise his wife to hold until the King should come of age.[9] In 1337 the Earl of Salisbury, as lord of Ringwood Manor, was granted a yearly fair on the feast-day of Saint Andrew (30 November).[9] There was also another fair held on the feast of Saint Peter (29 June) in the 16th century.[9]

After the Battle of Sedgemoor on 6 July 1685, James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth was arrested near Horton, Dorset. Monmouth is believed to have hidden in a ditch under an ash tree disguised as a shepherd, but was betrayed by a local woman who, according to legend, later killed herself in remorse. Monmouth was then taken to the house now named Monmouth House in West Street (between the Market Place and the Fish Inn). It was there that he wrote a letter to James II begging forgiveness. This was not granted, and he was brought to trial in the Tower of London by the infamous "Hanging Judge Jefferies".

Also after the Battle of Sedgemoor, an elderly local lady, Alice Lisle, gave refuge to two wanted men who were escaping the battle. When her home, Moyles Court, (now a private school — Moyles Court School) was raided, the men were found and Alice was arrested. She was sentenced by the same Judge Jefferies to be burned at the stake; she received a late reprieve, and the sentence was reduced to beheading. She is buried at St Mary's Church, Ellingham, one mile from her Moyles Court home. Her tomb can be found to the right of the church entrance; it is easily spotted as the lid has been left unfinished with rough edges. There is now a pub called the Alice Lisle near Moyles Court.

The Town Hall was erected by John Morant in 1868[9] to designs by the distinguished architect, future president of the Royal Institute of British Architects and future winner of the Royal Gold Medal; Thomas Henry Wyatt.[10][11] The town was famous in the 19th century for its "Ringwood" woollen gloves, and there was also a large linen collar and cuff factory here.[9]

The site of Royal Air Force Station Ibsley, in use during World War II, is located on the outskirts of the Ringwood hamlet of Poulner. This site has later been used for motor-racing as Ibsley Circuit and today is a quarry lake area.

Geography[edit]

Ringwood is a town on the east bank of the River Avon in Hampshire. The parish includes the hamlets of Poulner, Hangersley, Hightown, Crow, Kingston, and Bisterne.

Economy[edit]

Ringwood has a weekly market in the traditional market place. A cattle market ran until 1989 in the Furlong, which is now home to a Waitrose supermarket, coffee shops and fashion outlets. Ringwood was noted as the second most expensive market town in England in July 2008 with average property prices of over £380,000.[12]

Ringwood is the home of the Ringwood Brewery, which produces a variety of cask ales and runs five pubs in the local area, such as the Inn on the Furlong in Ringwood. Ringwood brewery also produces a variety of wines. It was taken over by Marston's Brewery, who plan to keep the brewery and all its brands, but lease out its tied public houses.

Politics[edit]

Ringwood is within the New Forest West parliamentary constituency. The current Member of Parliament (MP) is Sir Desmond Swayne who represents the Conservative Party. Ringwood is represented by one councillor on Hampshire County Council and six councillors on New Forest District Council (although four of these are shared with neighbouring areas). Currently Ringwood's county councillor is Conservative, and the district councillors feature three Conservative, one Labour, one Green and one Independent.

Ringwood Town Council formed in 1974 and serves an estimated 14,000 people. The town is divided into three wards. The Councillors elect a Mayor every two years who is also the chairman of the council. The current Mayor of Ringwood is Gareth Deboos.[13] The council, which is elected every four years, has 14 councillors: six Independent, four Labour, three Conservative and one Liberal Democrat. Ringwood Town Council provide a variety of services and amenities for the town, including allotments, the cemetery, recreation grounds[14] some public open spaces, the running of events, and a youth service.[15] The council is based in the Ringwood Gateway building on The Furlong in the town centre.

Ringwood was the birthplace of British communist leader and anti-fascist Bill Alexander, who was present at the Battle of Cable Street and commanded the British Battalion near the end of the Spanish Civil War.

Education[edit]

The senior school is Ringwood School, a national teaching academy. The state primary schools are Ringwood Junior, Poulner Junior, Ringwood CofE Infants and Poulner Infants. There is also a Waldorf school, the Ringwood Waldorf School a centre for Steiner Education for ages 3 to 18 years with around 260 pupils. The Ringwood Waldorf school is near a Camphill community. Ringwood also has an independent 3–16-day and boarding school called Moyles Court School.

Media[edit]

Local news and television programmes are provided by BBC South and ITV Meridian. Television signals are received from the Rowridge TV transmitter [16] and the local relay transmitter situated in the Poulner area of the town. [17]

Local radio stations are BBC Radio Solent, Heart South, Capital South, Easy Radio South Coast, Nation Radio South Coast, and Forest FM, a community based station. [18]

The town is served by the local newspaper, Lymington Times and New Milton Advertiser.[19]

Sport and leisure[edit]

Ringwood has a Non-League football club Ringwood Town F.C., which plays at Long Lane.

Ringwood is home to Ellingham and Ringwood Rugby Club who play at Parsonage Barn Lane. They run 3 senior sides, a women's side and all mini and junior ages. There are also two Cricket clubs, Ringwood Cricket Club who play at Carvers Recreation Ground and Ellingham Cricket Club who play at Picket Post.

Until 2022, Speedway has been staged at nearby Ringwood Raceway at Matchams Park. The team, known as the Ringwood Turfs, featured in the Southern Area League in the mid-1950s. There is also a long-standing and active Judo club

Ringwood has a Sailing Club, the Spinnaker Club, based on Blashford Lake in Ivy Lane, about 1 mile North from the town centre. A number of academic institutions (3 Universities, 3 Schools) and Sailability are affiliated. The club has a racing programme for several classes of sailing dinghy, for adults and children, and a programme for training for various levels of competence and experience. Many sailors from this Club have had championship success, nationally and internationally, and the club has been successful in Teams Sailing, winning the National Champs, and The British Open many times.[citation needed]

Millstream Model Centre & Raceway is the UK's largest slotcar racing centre.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

The main road through Ringwood is the A31, which runs west to Dorchester and east to Southampton via the New Forest. A bypass of the town was completed in two stages; the first to the west in the 1940s[20] and the second to the east in 1975.[21] The other significant road is the A338, which goes north to Salisbury and south to Bournemouth.

Rail[edit]

Ringwood railway station opened in 1847. It lay on the Southampton and Dorchester Railway. In 1862 the Ringwood, Christchurch and Bournemouth Railway created a new link with Christchurch. The line to Christchurch was closed in 1935, and the station ceased operating when the Southampton and Dorchester Railway line was closed in 1964. A report (Connecting Communities: Expanding Access to the Rail Network) from the Association of Train Operating Companies in 2009 recommended rebuilding part of the line from Brockenhurst to Ringwood.[22]

Bus and coach[edit]

Several bus stands are located at Meeting House Lane next to The Furlong Car Park. National Express Coaches provide twice-daily services to and from London Victoria, Heathrow Airport and Gatwick Airport. Morebus route X3 between Salisbury and Bournemouth calls at Ringwood twice an hour. There are also less-frequent services to Brockenhurst and Poulner.

Church of St Peter and St Paul[edit]

A church in Ringwood is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086.[9] It was rebuilt in the 13th century and survived until 1853, when it was completely knocked down and rebuilt.[9] The church contains a 15th-century monumental brass of John Prophete, Dean of Hereford and York.[9]

Filming Location[edit]

The swimming pool, sports hall and exterior scenes of the BBC television comedy series The Brittas Empire were filmed at Ringwood Health and Leisure Centre, at the time known as Ringwood Recreation Centre. Mr and Mrs Brittas' house was filmed at 47 Northfield Road, and Laura Lancing's house was filmed at 1 Highfield Road. Various other buildings in the town featured including 1 High Street which appeared as Le Jollie Chocolaties, Church Hatch in the Market Place appeared as ‘Archdeacon’s Residence, Romsey’ in Series 9 and the flash forward in Series 5 of Gavin is campaigning for election was filmed on Kingsfield.[23]

Some scenes from some episodes of Not the Nine O'Clock News were also filmed in the town.

Areas[edit]

Northbound

Southbound

Twin towns[edit]

Ringwood is twinned with:[24]

Ringwood and Pont-Audemer in Normandy were first twinned in 1986.[25]

Ringwood also has three 'sister' towns:

The mayor of the borough of Ringwood, New Jersey approached Ringwood Town Council in September 1976, advising that the borough had, in recognition of the 750th anniversary of the Ringwood, Hampshire's market carter, resolved that the Hampshire town would become their Sister City. A laminated copy of the resolution was sent and several visits were subsequently exchanged on an official basis.[26]

In the Silver Jubilee year of 1977 the city of Ringwood, Victoria approached Ringwood Town Council and subsequently became the town's second sister town. Visits were later exhanged and correspondence ensued.[26]

The third sister town was contacted in late 1978.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations". www.lovemytown.co.uk.
  2. ^ "Town Population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  3. ^ "Before attempting to explain this name, a note must be made on B.1066, a charter which Birch identifies with Ringwood. The VCH. Hants, points out that this charter professes to record a grant of the lands concerned to Abingdon Abbey, but that there is no other record of the abbey holding lands at Ringwood. It also mentions that in the Rolls Series Rimecuda is identified with Ruscombe, Berks. With regard to the last identification it may be said without further ado that the survey renders it quite impossible. Whether the grant be genuine or not, the survey attached to it is almost certainly that of the bounds of the lands of Ringwood as they were in early times. The survey mentions the Avon, Linford and Fulford, and, possibly, Sandford, all of them names connected with Ringwood. The agreement is too marked for it to be taken as a mere coincidence. Birch's identification is almost certainly correct." — The Archaeological Journal, (1930), Volume 84, page 192
  4. ^ a b "Ringwood, Old Hampshire Gazetteer".
  5. ^ "The second element of the name is Wuda, a 'wood.' ... Rimuc may be a diminutive. If so, it is a diminutive of Rima, 'border.' Then the meaning of the name would be 'the Wood of the Little Border.' Later experience has led me to suspect that Rimuc is one of a class of pre-Saxon stream names in -uc and -ic. – The Archaeological Journal, (1930), Volume 84, page 193
  6. ^ William Camden’s Britannia (1607) in Latin and English – The Philological Museum Library of Humanistic Texts
  7. ^ Edmund Gibson’s Edition 2, 1722 University of Adelaide Online Books
  8. ^ a b "Domesday Map – Ringwood".
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Parishes: Ringwood – British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk.
  10. ^ "Thomas Henry Wyatt, Architect". The Builder. London: Building (Publishers) Ltd. 39 (1958): 193–194. 14 August 1880. Retrieved 30 December 2023.
  11. ^ "The Late Mr. Thomas H. Wyatt". The Building News and Engineering Journal. London: The Building News. 39: 204–205. 20 August 1880. Retrieved 30 December 2023.
  12. ^ Britten, Nick (18 July 2008). "Market towns 'most likely to beat housing slump'". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  13. ^ "Ringwood Town Council |". www.ringwood.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 March 2022.
  14. ^ Goldman, Andrew (8 December 2021). "'This is needed for the future': Football ground redevelopment edges closer". Bournemouth Echo. Retrieved 30 March 2022.
  15. ^ Luckhurst, Greg (28 December 2021). "How new youth service aims to help youngsters in New Forest town". Bournemouth Echo. Retrieved 30 March 2022.
  16. ^ "Full Freeview on the Rowridge (Isle Of Wight, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. 1 May 2004. Retrieved 21 December 2023.
  17. ^ "Freeview Light on the Poulner (Hampshire, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. 1 May 2004. Retrieved 21 December 2023.
  18. ^ "Forest FM". Retrieved 21 December 2023.
  19. ^ "Lymington Times". British Papers. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2023.
  20. ^ "New Popular Edition one inch map". Ordnance Survey. 1945. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  21. ^ Anthony Crosland (21 July 1975). "Wallingford Castle". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  22. ^ "Connecting Communities – Expanding Access to the Rail Network" (PDF). London: Association of Train Operating Companies. June 2009. p. 19. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  23. ^ Harding, James. "Brittas Empire BBC Filming Locations". James Harding - Filming Locations. Retrieved 25 February 2024.
  24. ^ a b "Ringwood Twinning Association List". Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  25. ^ "Home". Ringwood Twinning Association Website. Ringwood Twinning Association. Retrieved 19 January 2024.
  26. ^ a b c Ringwood Official Guide. Forward Publicity Ltd. n.d.

External links[edit]