Rinkeby

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Rinkeby as seen from the air, 2014

Rinkeby (Swedish pronunciation: [²rɪŋːkɛˌbyː]) is a district in the Rinkeby-Kista borough, Stockholm, Sweden.[1] Rinkeby had 19,349 inhabitants in 2016.[2] The neighbourhood was part of the Million Programme.

The Stockholm metro station Rinkeby was also opened in 1975.

Rinkeby is noted for its high concentration of immigrants and people with immigrant ancestry. 89.1% of the suburb's population had a first- or second-generation immigrant background as of 2007.[2] In 2002, there was a murder at the Metro station, receiving much publicity in local press.

A sociolect called Rinkeby Swedish has been named after Rinkeby. But its used all over the suburbs in Stockholm and sweden

The district was a part of the Rinkeby borough until 1 January 2007, when it was merged with Kista borough to form the Rinkeby-Kista borough.

In the years preceding 2008, the state Social Insurance Agency, state Public Employment Service, banks and postal services vacated their offices in the area.[3]

In 2010, the official figures stated 15000 people lived in the area, but officials admitted 17000 were more likely though uncertainties meant the figure could be higher still. Of those, 90% had a migration background and 40% were from Africa.[4]

In its December 2015 report, Police in Sweden placed the district in the most severe category of urban areas with high crime rates.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Rinkeby is inhabited by a diverse array of immigrants. As of 2011, most were from Iraq (3,155), Iran (2,909), Somalia (2,878), Turkey (1,819), Finland (1,090), Eritrea (1,026), Ethiopia (914), Greece (768), Poland (757), Chile (711), Syria (631), China (589), Bosnia-Herzegovina (468), Pakistan (456), India (414), Bangladesh (414), Morocco (344), Yugoslavia (328), and Lebanon (289).[6]

In the 2011-13 period, about 53% of the population originated outside the EU and the Nordic Countries.[7]

Social unrest[edit]

According to the Swedish Defence University, since the 1970s, a number of residents of Rinkeby and other local areas have been implicated in providing logistical and financial support to or joining various foreign-based transnational militant groups. Among these organizations are Hezbollah, Hamas, the PKK, the GIA, the Abu Nidal Organization, the Japanese Red Army, the Red Army Faction, Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State, Al-Shabaab, Ansar al-Sunna and Ansar al-Islam.[8]

In June 2010 and again in 2014, the Rinkeby police station was attacked by rioting local youth; in 2014, it was shut down. (The "ref 7" presented in this paragraph links to an article that is not related to the attacks on the old police station or the reason for its closure) [9]

In 2016, an Australian news team from 60 Minutes along with Jan Sjunnesson, an editor of the Swedish right-wing publication Avpixlat (who has since changed their name to Samhällsnytt), had their camera man hit by a car when the team arrived at Rinkeby. After making journalistic contact with inhabitants, "the team gets surrounded by young, ill-tempered men. The police is present but disappear for unclear reasons immediately prior to the attack" that followed, which included hits and kicks.[10] In May of the same year, an interview team of the Norwegian public broadcaster NRK along with Swedish police and economist Tino Sanandaji were attacked.[11][12][13][14]

Riots also broke out among immigrant youth in Rinkeby in 2010, 2013 and 2017.[15] In 2017, fires were started by rioters, and at least seven cars were burned. Rioters threw rocks at police, who responded with warning shots, and later with "shots for effect" intended to hit their target.[16][17]

In 2017, the construction of a new more robust police station in the area was delayed due to construction companies being unwilling to tender for the contract over security concerns over attacks on equipment or threats towards employees.[9] Due to the threat level and that people in the area were resisting the building of a police station, the construction site received security guards.[18] In August 2018 the construction site for the new police station was attacked by unidentified assailants. They used a car to force the gate and threw rocks and bangers at security guards. The vehicle used to forced the gate was set afire by the assailants.[18]

Twinnings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Administrative divisions of the City districts". Stockholms stads utrednings- och statistikkontor AB. 2008-04-14. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  2. ^ a b "Områdesfakta Rinkeby stadsdel". Stockholms stads utrednings- och statistikkontor AB. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  3. ^ Radio, Sveriges. "Företag och myndigheter lämnar Rinkeby - P4 Stockholm". sverigesradio.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-08-11. 
  4. ^ Wyssuwa, Matthias; Stockholm. "Integrationsprobleme in Schweden: Leben und sterben im Norden". FAZ.NET (in German). ISSN 0174-4909. Retrieved 2018-09-14. 
  5. ^ Utsatta områden - sociala risker, kollektiv förmåga och oönskade händelser (PDF). Police in Sweden - Nationella Operativa Avdelningen - December 2015. p. 29. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "Welcome to Rinkeby-kista" (PDF). City District Council. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  7. ^ Statistics Sweden, Integration – focus on 15 municipal districts (PDF) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 2015. ISBN 9789161816323. Retrieved 9 December 2017. Diagram 1.10 
  8. ^ Linus Gustafsson Magnus Ranstorp (2017). Swedish Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq (PDF). Swedish Defence University. pp. 23–34. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 
  9. ^ a b "Källor till SVT: Ingen vill bygga ny polisstation i Rinkeby". Sveriges Television. 11 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017. 
  10. ^ "TV-team fra 60 Minutes angrepet i Sverige". 
  11. ^ "Attacker mot blåljus-personal ökar i landet". Expressen (in Swedish). 15 May 2016. 
  12. ^ "NRK-team truet og kastet stein etter i Sverige" (in Norwegian). NRK. 6 May 2016. 
  13. ^ "Svensk politi: – Vi er i ferd med å miste kontrollen" (in Norwegian). NRK. 8 May 2016. 
  14. ^ Newding, Paulina (13 March 2017). "The Truth About Sweden". Weekly Standard. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  15. ^ CNBC (21 February 2017). "Overnight riots in predominately immigrant suburb of Sweden's capital". 
  16. ^ "Våldsamt upplopp i Rinkeby – polisen sköt varningsskott". 
  17. ^ "Google Translate". 21 February 2017. Archived from the original on 21 February 2017. 
  18. ^ a b "Polisen: Attack mot polisstationen i Rinkeby - DN.SE". DN.SE (in Swedish). 2018-08-07. Retrieved 2018-08-11. 

Coordinates: 59°23′17″N 17°55′43″E / 59.38806°N 17.92861°E / 59.38806; 17.92861

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