|Former names||Kingsland Picture Palace, Kingsland Empire, Classic, Tatler|
|Location||Kingsland, East London|
|Address||107 Kingsland High Street, London, E8 2PB|
|Seating capacity||402 (screen 1), 28 (screen 2)|
The Rio Cinema is a Grade II listed independent Art Deco cinema in Dalston, east London. It is a popular independent cinema located on Kingsland High Street, with a history stretching back over 100 years. The Rio added a second screen in the unused basement space in December 2017.
Programming and events
The programme usually includes one main feature film each week, chosen by Executive Director Oliver Meek and head projectionist Peter Howden. These range from arthouse to blockbusters. There is usually a Saturday late show, Bargain Mondays, Tuesday discounts for Hackney Library Card holders, and regular Parents and Babies screenings. The Rio also works with programming partners such as the East End Film Festival, The London Feminist Film Festival, Doc'n Roll and the Fringe! Gay Film Fest.
It also hosts film festivals including the annual Turkish Film Festival, which began at the cinema in 1994.
As a charity, the cinema undertakes cultural outreach through cut-price tickets for the children's and community screenings, schools events, and a monthly classic matinee for over-60s. Every year hundreds of school children attend film screenings and educational events at the Rio Cinema.
The building is open 364 days a year, with over 1300 screenings annually. The stalls on the ground floor seat 188, and the circle (open on busy days) seats 214, the new second screen in the basement seats 28 with a wheelchair space.
Kingsland Palace & Kingsland Empire
The building was originally an auctioneer's shop, converted into the Kingsland Palace in 1909 by owner Clara Ludski. It was one of five cinemas in Dalston and an immediate hit.
Its success led to properties either side being bought up, and the architect George Coles was commissioned to design a new single-screen picturehouse. Construction began in 1913, and the Kingsland Empire opened in 1915.
The Kingsland Empire's style was 'late Edwardian neo-classical'. There was a two-level tea room, domed tower, and an elaborate auditorium featuring five side arches and a proscenium with double Ionic columns either side, topped by a frieze. English Heritage say that the original Kingsland Empire was "more theatrical in planning and decoration than most cinemas of that date".
1930s Art Deco
In 1933 the cinema was purchased from Clara Ludski by London & Southern Cinemas Ltd, and in 1936 by Capital & Provincial News Theatres (who became at that time the Classic Cinema chain..
The building was refurbished in Art Deco style by cult architect FE Bromige in 1937 and reopened as the Classic Cinema Dalston, within the shell of the earlier cinema. The ceiling and upper walls of the earlier auditorium survive, only accessible from the roof. As many cinemas were remodelled with the arrival of sound in the 1930s, nowhere else are two very different auditoria found one within the other. According to English Heritage, this is "an exceptionally rare survival". The exterior has remained almost unchanged since the thirties.
F E Bromige achieved a remarkable sense of rhythm and movement through simple means in his few cinemas, all in North London, and he has emerged as a specialist cinema architect of rare originality.— English Heritage
1940s to early 1970s
The Classic sustained bomb blast damage during the Blitz in 1941 when a high explosive bomb fell across the street in Birkbeck Mews. In the early 1950s the cinema received a makeover with simplified signage and neon, in 1958 it became the Classic Cartoon Theatre, and in 1960 it became the Classic Continental showing foreign language films, and its next guise was as a Tatler Cinema Club in 1971 screening uncensored adult films with live striptease burlesque acts on stage.
1976 to present day
In 1976 the cinema came under independent cooperative management. Since 1979 it has been run as a not-for-profit registered charity with an elected board of local people who act as volunteer trustees. The current chairman of the board is Patrick Lyons.
The blue and pink Art Deco interior was restored in 1997, remaining faithful to Bromige's design, and the building became Grade II listed in 1999. Elain Harwood of English Heritage called the cinema a 'remarkable' work of ‘sweeping curves’.
In August 2016 it was announced that a second screen would be added in the basement space of the Rio, opening in summer 2017.
In 2017 the cinema successfully raised £125,000 to restore the art deco exterior and build a second screen in the large basement space, the second screen seating 28 opened in December 2017.
In May 2019, the cinema opened a new bar in the basement space, next to the second screen. The bar was named the Ludski Bar, in tribute to Clara Ludski, the original owner of the cinema.
- Historic England, "Details from listed building database (1244939)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 September 2014
- Peter Beech, Cine-files: Rio, Dalston, London, theguardian.com, 21 June 2011, retrieved 9 September 2014
- Oliver Smith, London's best cinemas and filming locations, telegraph.co.uk, 21 August 2014, retrieved 9 September 2014
- Phoebe Luckhurst, London's best cinema bars, Evening Standard, 10 January 2014, retrieved 9 September 2014
- Richard Welbirg, A grand history of the Rio, Hackney Citizen, 26 October 2009, retrieved 9 September 2014
- Emma Bartholomew, Rio cinema call to arms: warning it can’t keep operating at a loss, Hackney Gazette, 10 October 2013, retrieved 9 September 2014
- Anna Prokova, Good news for Hackney: Rio Cinema is not closing down, eastlondonlines.co.uk, 18 October 2013, retrieved 9 September 2014
- "Dalston's Rio Cinema smashes £125,000 fundraising target to secure future". 19 September 2017.
- "Rio Cinema - Cinema Treasures". cinematreasures.org.
- "High Explosive Bomb dropped near Birkbeck Mews during the London Blitz".
- "Rio Cinema". www.riocinema.org.uk.
- Kingsland Empire, Theatres Trust, retrieved 9 September 2014
- Design, Lozi. "Lozi launches The Ludski Bar at the Rio cinema, as part of the RIO-generation fundraising campaign". London Design Festival.