Rio Cobre Dam
|Rio Cobre Dam|
Location of Rio Cobre Dam in Jamaica
|Location||Spanish Town, Saint Catherine Parish|
|Owner(s)||National Irrigation Commission|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Gravity, diversion|
|Height||9 m (30 ft)|
The Rio Cobre Dam is a diversion dam on the Rio Cobre near Spanish Town in Saint Catherine Parish, Jamaica. It is owned by the National Irrigation Commission. The primary purpose of the dam is to divert water into a canal on its right bank for the irrigation of up to 12,000 ha (30,000 acres) to the south. It also provides municipal water to Spanish Town. The scheme contains more than 48 km (30 mi) of canals and waters sugar cane, bananas and cattle.
In the late 1800s the West India Electric Company constructed a 900 kW hydroelectric power station upstream at Bog Walk to power a tram system in Kingston. On 24 June 1904, while workers were cleaning the station's penstock, water was accidentally released down it killing 33 of them. The power station was closed in 1966, 62 years after the accident but, the dam, the ruins of the turbine house and some of the concrete supports of the penstock still exist today.
- Aitken-Soux, Percy (1981). Overview of Agricultural Development in Jamaica. Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture. p. 0. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- The Handbook of Jamaica. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1886. pp. 293–294. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- "Bog Walk Tube". Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
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