Rio Group

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Rio Group
Rio group countries.PNG
Membership 24 Latin American and Caribbean states
Establishment 1986

The Rio Group (Portuguese: Grupo do Rio [ˈɡɾupu du ˈʁi.u]; Spanish: Grupo de Río [ˈɡɾupo ðe ˈri.o]) was an international organization of Latin American and some Caribbean states. It was created on 18 December 1986 in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro by means of the Declaration of Rio de Janeiro, signed by Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela (the members of the Contadora Group and the Contadora Support Group). To some extent it was perceived by some observers as an alternative body to the Organization of American States during the Cold War, since that body was dominated by the United States.[citation needed] The Rio Group did not have a secretariat or permanent body, and instead relied on yearly summits of heads of states.

It was succeeded in 2010 by the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States.

Member states[edit]

Member states/organizations in alphabetical order by column:

List of summit meetings[edit]

Summit Year City Seat country
I 1987 Acapulco  Mexico
II 1988 Montevideo  Uruguay
III 1989 Ica  Peru
IV 1990 Caracas  Venezuela
V 1991 Cartagena  Colombia
VI 1992 Buenos Aires  Argentina
VII 1993 Santiago  Chile
VIII 1994 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil
IX 1995 Quito  Ecuador
X 1996 Cochabamba  Bolivia
XI 1997 Asunción  Paraguay
XII 1998 Panama City  Panama
XIII 1999 Veracruz  Mexico
XIV 2000 Cartagena  Colombia
XV 2001 Santiago  Chile
XVI 2002 San José  Costa Rica
XVII 2003 Cusco  Peru
XVIII 2004 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil
XIX 2007 Georgetown  Guyana
XX 2008 Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic
I Extraordinaria 2009 Zacatecas  Mexico
II Extraordinaria 2009 Managua  Nicaragua
XXI 2010 Cancún  Mexico

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rio Group, Nuclear Threat Initiative (last updated April 25, 2012).