Rio Hotel Ltd v New Brunswick (Liquor Licensing Board)

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Rio Hotel Ltd v New Brunswick (Liquor Licensing Board)
Supreme Court of Canada
Hearing: October 6, 1986
Judgment: July 29, 1987
Full case name Rio Hotel Limited v. Liquor Licensing Board, established pursuant to the Liquor Control Act'
Citations [1987] 2 S.C.R. 59
Docket No. 19949
Ruling Ruling in favour of Board
Holding
A provincial licensing scheme may be valid even where overlap with federal matters.
Court Membership
Chief Justice: Brian Dickson
Puisne Justices: Jean Beetz, Willard Estey, William McIntyre, Julien Chouinard, Antonio Lamer, Bertha Wilson, Gerald Le Dain, Gérard La Forest
Reasons given
Majority Dickson C.J., joined by McIntyre, Wilson and Le Dain JJ.
Concurrence Estey J., joined by Lamer J.
Concurrence Beetz J.
Chouinard and La Forest JJ. took no part in the consideration or decision of the case.

Rio Hotel Ltd v New Brunswick (Liquor Licensing Board) [1987] 2 S.C.R. 59 is a leading Supreme Court of Canada decision on the Constitution's criminal law power. The Court held that, despite overlapping with valid federal law, the provincial law that restricted the amount of nudity in bars was constitutionally valid.

Background[edit]

The New Brunswick Liquor Control Act required that all liquor licences be accompanied by an entertainment licence that limited the degree of nudity allowed within the establishment. Rio Hotel decided to challenge the constitutionality of the law on the grounds that it related to public morality which is a matter of federal criminal law.

The issue before the Supreme Court was whether "a provincial prohibition of nude entertainment attached to a liquor licensing scheme operates notwithstanding the more general but related prohibitions contained in the Code". The unanimous Court held that it did.

Reasons of the court[edit]

Chief Justice Dickson, writing for McIntyre, Wilson, and Le Dain, held that the law was valid. Dickson characterized the law as regulating entertainment as a means to boost alcohol sales. Presumptively this matter is both of a local nature and relating to property and civil rights. Though there are provisions within the Criminal Code dealing with nudity, they do not conflict with the provincial law.

Furthermore, the law did not possess any penal consequences required for all valid criminal law.

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