Rio Sul Serviços Aéreos Regionais
|Hubs||Congonhas Domestic Airport|
Salgado Filho Int'l Airport
Santos Dumont Airport
|Headquarters||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
Rio-Sul Serviços Aéreos Regionais S/A was a regional airline headquartered in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, operating scheduled services to southern Brazil. Its main base was Congonhas Domestic Airport (CGH), São Paulo, with hubs at Porto Alegre Airport (POA) and Santos Dumont Airport, Rio de Janeiro.
On November 11, 1975 the Brazilian Federal Government created the Brazilian Integrated System of Regional Air Transportation and divided the country in five different regions, for which five newly created regional airlines received a concession to operate air services. RIO-SUL Serviços Aéreos Regionais S/A was the fourth of those regional airlines to be made operational. Founded on August 24, 1976, Rio Sul had its services start on September 8, 1976. Its operational area comprised roughly the Southern and parts of the Southeast regions of Brazil, specifically the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, and parts of São Paulo, and Espírito Santo.
In 2002 the administration of Rio Sul (which included its former subsidiary Nordeste) were merged with Varig. The brand Rio Sul was part of the assets sold as VRG Linhas Aéreas although its debts remained under the judicial entity Viação Aérea Rio-Grandense, which uses the brand name Flex Linhas Aéreas. As a result of accumulated debts around BRL10 billion (US$5,7 billion, EUR4,5 billion), on August 20, 2010, at the request of the administrator, the 1st Business Court of Rio de Janeiro declared Flex, which included remaining assets of Rio-Sul, bankrupt and initiated the process of liquidation.
Rio Sul Serviços Aéreos Regionais operated services to the following scheduled domestic destinations (at January 2005): Caxias do Sul, Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Londrina, Maringá, Passo Fundo, São Paulo and Vitória.
The Rio Sul Serviços Aéreos Regionais fleet consisted of the following aircraft:
|Boeing 737-300||4||2000 - 2005|
|Boeing 737-500||16||1992 - 2005|
|Boeing 737-700||5||2001 - 2005|
|Embraer EMB-110||7||1984 - 1992|
|Embraer EMB-120||12||1988 - 2001|
|Embraer ERJ-145||16||1997 - 2002|
|Fokker F27-200||5||1984 - 1988|
|Fokker F27-500||8||1986 - 1992|
|Fokker F50||10||1992 - 1999|
Incidents and accidents
- On May 22, 1982, an Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante (registration PT-GKC) crashed into a mangrove swamp short of Hercílio Luz International Airport, due to poor visibility. All four people on board survived. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair and written off.
- On August 6, 1984, a Fokker F27 Friendship (registration PT-LCZ) over shot the runway at Santos Dumont Airport. All seven occupants survived, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair and written off.
- On July 25, 1987, an Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante (registration PT-GKT) overshot the runway at Santo Angelo Airport. All 13 passengers and crew survived, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair and written off.
- On December 29, 1998, Rio Sul Flight 310, an Embraer ERJ-145 (registration PT-SPE), was damaged beyond repair when it made a hard landing at Afonso Pena International Airport. All 40 passengers and crew on board survived. Investigators determined that engine power had been reduced just before landing. The aircraft was written off.
- On December 17, 2001, a Boeing 737-500 (registration PT-SSI) operating a scheduled passenger flight from Rio de Janeiro to Belo Horizonte undershot runway 16 at Tancredo Neves International Airport by 70 metres (230 ft) as a result of adverse weather conditions. There were no fatalities. Despite substantial damage, the aircraft was repaired and returned to service. However, nearly 12 years later, exactly the same aircraft would crash in Russia, killing everyone on board.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 30, 1985. 112." Retrieved on July 23, 2009.
- Garófalo, Gílson de Lima (1982). O Mercado Brasileiro de Transporte Aéreo Regional [The Brazilian Regional Air Transport Market] (in Portuguese). São Paulo: Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas. pp. 103–107, 125–128.
- "Justiça decreta falência da Flex, antiga Varig" [Justice decrees bankruptcy of Flex, former Varig] (in Portuguese). O Estado de S. Paulo. 20 August 2010. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- Laguna, Eduardo (20 August 2010). "Justiça do Rio decreta a falência da antiga Varig" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Retrieved 24 August 2010.
- "Frota da Vasp - Aviação Comercial" [Vasp Fleet - Commercial Aviation]. www.fsdownload.kit.net (in Portuguese).
- Ranter, Harro. "Rio Sul Serviços Aéreos Regionais". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2019-01-16.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Embraer EMB-110P Bandeirante PT-GKC Florianópolis-Hercilio Luz International Airport, SC (FL)". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 200 PT-LCZ Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont Airport, RJ (SDU)". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Embraer EMB-110P Bandeirante PT-GKT Santo Angelo Airport, RS (GEL)". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Embraer EMB-145ER (ERJ-145ER) PT-SPE Curitiba-Afonso Pena Airport, PR (CWB)". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-53A PT-SSI Belo Horizonte-Tancredo Neves International Airport, MG (CNF)". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2019-01-09.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-53A VQ-BBN Kazan Airport (KZN)". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2019-01-09.
- Beting, Gianfranco; Beting, Joelmir (2009). Varig: Eterna Pioneira [Varig: Eternal Pioneer] (in Portuguese). Porto Alegre and São Paulo: EDIPUCRS and Beting Books. ISBN 978-85-7430-901-9.
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