Rio de Janeiro/Galeão International Airport

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Rio de Janeiro/Galeão – Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport

Aeroporto Internacional do Rio de Janeiro/Galeão – Antonio Carlos Jobim
Consórcio Rio Galeao logo 2.png
Riodejaneiro aerea aeroportogaleao-131864.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/Military
OperatorRIOGaleão
ServesRio de Janeiro
Hub for
Elevation AMSL9 m / 28 ft
Coordinates22°48′36″S 043°15′02″W / 22.81000°S 43.25056°W / -22.81000; -43.25056Coordinates: 22°48′36″S 043°15′02″W / 22.81000°S 43.25056°W / -22.81000; -43.25056
Websitewww.riogaleao.com/passageiros
Map
GIG is located in Rio de Janeiro
GIG
GIG
Location within greater Rio de Janeiro
GIG is located in Brazil
GIG
GIG
GIG (Brazil)
GIG is located in South America
GIG
GIG
GIG (South America)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 4,000 13,123 Concrete
15/33 3,180 10,433 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers13,507,881 Decrease 10.2%
Aircraft Operations104,832 Decrease 7.8%
Statistics: RIOGaleão[1]
Sources: Airport Website,[2] ANAC[3]

Rio de Janeiro/Galeão – Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport[4] (IATA: GIG, ICAO: SBGL), popularly known by its original name Galeão International Airport, is the main airport serving Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In 2019, it was the country's fourth-busiest airport by passenger traffic. It is named after Praia do Galeão (Galleon Beach), located in front of the original passenger terminal (the present passenger terminal of the Brazilian Air Force) and where in 1663 the galleon Padre Eterno was built;[5][6] and since January 5, 1999 also after the Brazilian musician Antonio Carlos Jobim.[7] Galeão Airport is explicitly mentioned in his composition Samba do avião. It is the largest airport site in terms of area in Brazil.

Since August 12, 2014[8] it has been operated by the concessionary Rio Galeão,[9] a consortium formed by the Brazilian investor Odebrecht and Changi Airport Group, with a minority participation of the government owned company Infraero, the previous operator.[10] The new concessionary has been using the brand name RIOgaleão – Aeroporto Internacional Tom Jobim.[11]

Some of its facilities are shared with the Galeão Air Force Base of the Brazilian Air Force.

History[edit]

Entry of the original Passenger Terminal Building used between 1952 and 1977

The history of the airport begins on May 10, 1923 when a School of Naval Aviation was established near Galeão beach on Governador Island.[12] On May 22, 1941 with the creation of the Brazilian Air Force Ministry, the school became the Galeão Air Force Base; a terminal and hangars were built and the runway extended. Those buildings still exist and Galeão Air Force Base is still active. When Brazil declared war against the Axis on August 22, 1942, the aerodrome began to be used intensely by the Allies for military operations related to the World War II.[13]

At the end of the war, Santos Dumont Airport was unable to handle the increased tonnage of aircraft flying on international routes and number of passengers. For this reason, international flights were gradually moved to the site of the Air Force Base. The services were however precarious and a decision was made to build a brand new passenger terminal, opposite to the Air Force Base, across the runway.

On February 1, 1952 the new passenger terminal was opened and remained in use with enlargements until 1977. This terminal is used presently by passenger flights operated by the Brazilian Air Force. The cargo terminal is also located in the area and all-cargo aircraft usually park at its adjoining apron. The whole complex is now informally known as the "old Galeão."

By 1970 the airport was Brazil's major international and domestic air-hub. In that year, its administration was taken over by Infraero, an agency then recently created by the Brazilian government.

As proof of the airport's prestige, the Concorde made its scheduled maiden flight with Air France on January 21, 1976, flying from Paris–Charles de Gaulle to Galeão via Dakar. Those twice-weekly flights were discontinued in 1982. Furthermore, the 007 – James Bond production Moonraker (1979) shows the Concorde touching down at Galeão.

On June 6, 1967 in response to the growth of air traffic in Brazil, the Brazilian military government initiated studies concerning the renovation of the airport infrastructure in Brazil. As part of the conclusions of these studies, because of their location, strategic importance, and security issues, new passenger facilities would be constructed in the areas of Galeão Air Force Base in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo Air Force Base in São Paulo.[14]

On January 20, 1977, when the airport was receiving all of Brazil's major international flights, this new terminal was opened and all scheduled passenger flights were transferred to the new building. This building is known today as Passenger Terminal 1. One of the features dating from this time is the sultry PA system announcements made by Iris Lettieri, which were featured on National Public Radio.[15]

In 1985 the airport lost the title of the country's major international airport to São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport. At that time, a new runway allowing intercontinental flights with no weight restrictions was opened in São Paulo and Brazilian and foreign airlines increasingly used São Paulo as a national and international hub. As a consequence, the number of transiting passengers dropped. Constant efforts were made by the Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro to reverse the trend. As a result, after stagnating for years embittered by the loss of domestic flights to Santos Dumont Airport and international flights to São Paulo–Guarulhos Airport, Galeão has – since late 2004 – gradually recovered its importance in the national and international spheres with addition of flights and airlines.

Tribute to Tom Jobim at Rio de Janeiro International Airport

During the year 1991, Passenger Terminal 1 underwent its first major renovation in preparation for the United Nations Earth Summit held in 1992. Its annual capacity was increased to 7,5 million passengers/year. On July 20, 1999 Passenger Terminal 2 was opened. The airport has those two passenger terminals in elliptical format, each with twelve jetways and capable of handling 7,5 million passengers annually.

Terminal interior

On April 26, 2011 it was confirmed that in order to speed-up much needed renovation and up-grade works, private companies would be granted a concession to explore some Infraero airports among them, on a second phase, Galeão.[16] The plan was confirmed on May 31, 2011 and it was added that Infraero would retain 49% of the shares of each privatized airport.[17] On November 22, 2013 the Brazilian Government had a bidding process to determine the airport's private operator from 2014 until 2039. The Group Aeroporto Rio de Janeiro formed by Grupo Odebrecht (60%) and Changi Airport Group (40%) paid R$19 billion and won the competition.[18][19] The contract was signed on April 2, 2014.[20][21]

One day after the closure of the Games of the XXXI Olympiad Galeão handled an all-time record of passengers on a single day. It is estimated that on August 22, 2016, 85,000 passengers transited at the airport facilities.[22][23]

One of the two TAP Maintenance & Engineering centers in Brazil is located at Galeão International Airport.

Developments[edit]

Inside Terminal 2

On August 31, 2009, the previous operator, Infraero, unveiled a R$819 million (US$431 million; €302 million) investment plan to upgrade Galeão International Airport focusing on the preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup which was held in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro being one of the venue cities, and the 2016 Summer Olympics, which Rio de Janeiro would host. The investment was supposed to be distributed as follows:[24]

  • Renovation of Passenger Terminal 1. Completed: 2012
  • Completion and renovation of Passenger Terminal 2. Completed: June 2012
  • Construction of further parking. Value 220.0 million. Completed: Late-2013

The new concessionary Rio Galeão has revised, modified and upgraded those plans to include the construction of a new pier with 26 new bridges, a new apron for 97 aircraft, and 2,640 car-parking spaces have been added in 2016–17, which would sum up to R$2 billion reais.[25][26]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Since March 2020, the check-in and baggage claim areas of Terminal 1 are not in use. All passengers must use Terminal 2 to access the boarding gates of any terminal.[27]

AirlinesDestinations
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza (resumes 2 September 2020)[28]
Seasonal: Córdoba
Aerolíneas Argentinas
operated by Austral Líneas Aéreas
Seasonal: Rosario
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle[29]
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino
Amaszonas Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru
American Airlines Miami
Seasonal: New York–JFK
Avianca Bogotá
British Airways London–Heathrow (resumes 1 September 2020)[28]
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen (resumes 14 August 2020)[30]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta (resumes 2 August 2020)[31]
Seasonal: New York–JFK
Edelweiss Air Zürich (resumes 2 October 2020)[28]
Emirates Buenos Aires–Ezeiza (resumes 2 September 2020)[32], Dubai–International (resumes 1 September 2020)[32], Santiago de Chile (resumes 1 September 2020)[32]
Flybondi Buenos Aires–El Palomar (resumes 2 September 2020)[33]
Gol Transportes Aéreos Aracaju, Belo Horizonte–Confins, Brasília, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Campinas, Córdoba, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguaçu, João Pessoa, Maceió, Manaus, Montevideo, Natal, Navegantes, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rosario, Salvador da Bahia, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Vitória
Iberia Madrid
KLM Amsterdam[34]
LATAM Brasil Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Montevideo, Santiago de Chile
LATAM Chile Santiago de Chile
LATAM Paraguay Asunción, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
LATAM Perú Lima
Lufthansa Frankfurt (resumes 26 October 2020)[28]
Paranair Seasonal: Asunción
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca (resumes 1 September 2020)[35]
Sky Airline Santiago de Chile (resumes 7 September 2020)[28]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon[36]
United Airlines Houston–Intercontinental (resumes 8 September 2020)[37]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Cargolux Campinas, Luxembourg
LATAM Cargo Brasil Belo Horizonte–Confins, Cabo Frio, Campinas, Ciudad del Este, Curitiba, Manaus, Miami, Porto Alegre, São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Cargo Chile Amsterdam, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Frankfurt, Miami, Montevideo, Santiago de Chile
LATAM Cargo Colombia Bogotá, Lima, Miami, Quito
Rio Linhas Aéreas Recife, Salvador da Bahia, São Paulo–Guarulhos
Sky Lease Cargo Miami
Total Linhas Aéreas São Paulo–Guarulhos, Vitória

Gallery[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Year Number of passengers[38][39]
2018 15,035,083
2017 16,242,767
2016 16,103,352
2015 16,942,229
2014 17,303,340
2013 17,109,590
2012 17,491,744
2011 14,926,615
2010 12,229,513
2009 11,828,656
2008 10,754,689
2007 10,352,616
2006 8,856,527
2005 8,657,139
2004 6,024,930
2003 4,619,229
Estatisticas Infraero[40]
Rank Country Number of passengers
1  Argentina 249,305
2  United States 171,124
3  France 80,478
4  Chile 80,001
5  United Kingdom 66,447
6  Italy 57,061
7  Germany 55,865
8  Portugal 43,380
9  Spain 35,135
10  Colombia 23,563
Busiest international routes by seat capacity (2015)[41]
Ranking City Seats
1 Argentina Buenos Aires 891,818
2 United States Miami 422,153
2 France Paris 379,694
4 Chile Santiago 364,570
Busiest intercontinental routes at Rio de Janeiro International Airport (2014) – ANAC[42]
Rank City Passengers
1 France Paris 363,254
2 Portugal Lisbon 267,417
3 Germany Frankfurt 193,082
4 United Kingdom London 188,737
5 Spain Madrid 172,263
6 Netherlands Amsterdam 145,070
7 Italy Rome 125,782
8 United Arab Emirates Dubai 119,193
9 Portugal Porto 48,292
10 Angola Luanda 45,308

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • July 27, 1952: a Pan Am Boeing 377 Stratocruiser 10–26 registration N1030V operating flight 201 en route from Rio de Janeiro–Galeão to Buenos Aires–Ezeiza following pressurization problems during climb, a door blew open, a passenger was blown out and the cabin considerably damaged. One passenger died.[43]
  • January 11, 1959: a Lufthansa Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation registration D-ALAK operating flight 502 flying from Hamburg to Rio de Janeiro–Galeão via Frankfurt, Paris–Orly and Dakar crashed during approach under heavy rain at Galeão. The crew descended below minimums. Of the 39 passengers and crew aboard, 3 survived. This was the first accident of Lufthansa after it was re-established.[44]
  • December 22, 1959: a VASP Vickers Viscount 827 registration PP-SRG while on approach to land at Rio de Janeiro–Galeão was involved in a mid-air collision with the Brazilian Air Force Fokker S-11 (T-21) registration FAB0742 in the vicinity of Manguinhos Airport. All 32 people on board the Viscount were killed, as were a further ten on the ground. The T-21 pilot parachuted to safety. This accident eventually led to the closure of Manguinhos Airport.[45][46][47]
  • August 20, 1962: a Panair do Brasil Douglas DC-8-33 registration PP-PDT taking-off from Rio de Janeiro–Galeão to Lisbon overran the runway into the ocean during an aborted operation. Of the 120 passengers and crew aboard 14 died.[48][49]
  • January 1, 1970: a Cruzeiro do Sul Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle VI R en route from Montevideo to Rio de Janeiro–Galeão with 33 occupants aboard was hijacked by 6 persons who demanded to be flown to Cuba. The flight was diverted to Lima, Panama City and arrived in Havana two days later. There were no victims.[50]
  • July 1, 1970: a Cruzeiro do Sul Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle VI R registration PP-PDX en route from Rio de Janeiro–Galeão to São Paulo with 31 occupants aboard was hijacked by 4 persons who demanded the release of political prisoners that were to be taken to Cuba. The aircraft was stormed and the hijackers arrested. There were no victims and the hijacking lasted less than a day.[51]
  • June 9, 1973: a Varig cargo Boeing 707-327C registration PP-VJL flying from Campinas to Rio de Janeiro–Galeão while making an instrument approach to Rio de Janeiro–Galeão had technical problems with the spoilers which eventually caused the aircraft to pitch down, descended fast, struck approach lights and ditch. All 6 occupants died.[52]
  • July 26, 1979: a Lufthansa cargo Boeing 707-330C registration D-ABUY operating flight 527 from Rio de Janeiro–Galeão to Frankfurt via Dakar collided with a mountain 5 minutes after take-off from Galeão. The crew of 3 died.[53]
  • December 12, 1985: an Air France Boeing 747-228B, registration F-GCBC, arriving from Paris–Charles de Gaulle with 273 passengers and crew, veered off the right side of runway 15 on landing, crossed a ditch and collided with a concrete wall in the cargo apron. There was a fire that totally destroyed the aircraft, but all occupants had been safely evacuated before that, with no victims or serious injuries. The accident was later traced to a ruptured power control cable in engine #1, which made the engine accelerate beyond maximum takeoff power, destabilizing the plane.[54]

Access[edit]

TransCarioca BRT station at GIG, during the official opening ceremony.

The airport is located 20 km (12 mi) north of downtown Rio de Janeiro.

There are executive (blue) and ordinary (yellow) taxis available and bookable on company booths at arrival halls of both terminals.

TransCarioca line of the BRT integrated public transportation system links Terminals 1 and 2 with Terminal Alvorada in Barra da Tijuca with an intermediate stop at the Line 2 subway Vicente de Carvalho station, where one can access the entire subway system. At Alvorada one can transfer between the TransCarioca and TransOeste lines. The system operates 24 hours a day and tickets are sold in the BRT booths on the arrivals level.[55]

Premium Auto Ônibus operates executive bus 2018, that runs half-hourly between 05:30 and 23:30 hours from the airport to Central Bus Station, Rio de Janeiro downtown, Santos Dumont Airport, and the southern parts of the city along the shore, with final stop at Alvorada Bus Terminal in Barra da Tijuca. Bus 2918 follows a similar schedule to Alvorada Bus Terminal, but using a different and more direct route via the Linha Amarela ("Yellow Line") expressway. Bus 2101 is an express link between Galeão and Santos Dumont airports, and bus 2145 is a normal city bus service to the Central Bus Station, downtown, and Santos Dumont Airport. It runs every 20 minutes between 05:30 and 22:30 hours.[56] Ticket counters for these bus services are located at the arrivals area of both terminals.

Viação 1001 operates the urban bus line 761-D from the airport to Niterói.[57] Furthermore, the same company operates an executive service to Armação dos Búzios four times a day. Departure is from the arrivals level of Terminal 1.[58]

Ordinary city busses 924 and 925 operate to the neighborhood of Ilha do Governador, and 915 to Bonsucesso. From both neighborhoods there are connections to the North and South Sides of the city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Movimentação aeroportuária". RIOgaleão (in Portuguese). Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  2. ^ "RIOgaleão". RIOGaleão (in Portuguese). Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  3. ^ "Lista de aeródromos públicos". ANAC (in Portuguese). Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  4. ^ "Law 9778/1999". Presidência da República (in Portuguese). January 5, 1999. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  5. ^ Enders, Armelle (2008). A História do Rio de Janeiro (in Portuguese) (2nd ed.). Rio de Janeiro: Gryphus. p. 54. ISBN 978-85-60610-09-9.
  6. ^ Doria, Pedro (2012). 1565: Enquanto o Brasil nascia: A aventura de portugueses, franceses, índios e negros na fundação do país (in Portuguese) (1st ed.). Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira. pp. 240–241. ISBN 978-85-2093114-1.
  7. ^ "Lei n˚9.778, de 5 de janeiro de 1999" (in Portuguese). Lei Direto. January 5, 1999. Archived from the original on June 21, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  8. ^ "Projeto Rio Galeão" (in Portuguese). Rio Galeão. Archived from the original on August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  9. ^ "Rio Galeão – Institucional" (in Portuguese). Rio Galeão. Archived from the original on August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  10. ^ "How the Transition Will Take Place". Concessionária Aeroporto do Rio de Janeiro S/A. Archived from the original on July 29, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
  11. ^ "O Aeroporto" (in Portuguese). RIOgaleão – Aeroporto Internacional Tom Jobim. Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
  12. ^ Instituto Histórico-Cultural da Aeronáutica (1990). História Geral da Aeronáutica Brasileira: de 1921 às vésperas da criação do Ministério da Aeronáutica (in Portuguese). 2. Belo Horizonte and Rio de Janeiro: Itatiaia and Instituto Histórico-Cultural da Aeronáutica. pp. 58, 66, 558.
  13. ^ Pereira, Aldo (1987). Breve história da aviação comercial brasileira (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Europa Empresa Gráfica e Editora. pp. 403–405.
  14. ^ "Decreto nº 69.784 de 14 de dezembro de 1971" (in Portuguese). Senado federal. December 14, 1971. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  15. ^ McCarthy, Julie (March 17, 2007). "The Most Captivating Voice in the World". NPR. Archived from the original on October 8, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
  16. ^ Bitencourt, Rafael (April 26, 2011). "Governo define concessão de obras em 3 aeroportos, diz Palocci" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
  17. ^ Salomon, Marta; Monteiro, Tânia (June 1, 2011). "Governo pretende privatizar três aeroportos e abrir o capital da Infraero" (in Portuguese). O Estado de S. Paulo: Economia. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
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  24. ^ Rittner, Daniel; Braga, Paulo Victor (August 31, 2009). "Infraero vai gastar R$5 bi em reforma de aeroportos". Valor Econômico (in Portuguese). pp. A4. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2011.
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  27. ^ Galeão's Terminal 1 will be deactivated next month Archived October 22, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, O Globo, 26 October 2016. (in Portuguese)
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  29. ^ "KLM volta ao Rio dia 18 e aumenta operação em São Paulo". Panrotas (in Portuguese). May 13, 2020. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
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  32. ^ a b c "Emirates July – October 2020 operations as of 0830GMT 10JUN2". Routesonline. June 10, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
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  35. ^ "Royal Air Maroc July/August 2020 International operations as of 03JUL20". Routes Online. July 7, 2020. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
  36. ^ "TAP Air Portugal June – August 2020 operations as of 31MAY20". Routesonline. June 1, 2020. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  37. ^ Liu, Jim. "United extends International / Guam / Micronesia Island Hopper interim schedule to Sep 2020". Airlineroute. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
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  39. ^ "Airport Figures". RIOgaleão. Archived from the original on August 14, 2019. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  40. ^ "Estatisitcas Infraero 2014" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Archived from the original on May 3, 2018. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  41. ^ https://alta.aero/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/capacity-analysis-2016_9943-1.pdf
  42. ^ "ANAC". ANAC. Archived from the original on January 14, 2016. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
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  48. ^ "Accident description PP-PDT". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on June 25, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
  49. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Rejeição tardia na decolagem". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928–1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 208–213. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2.
  50. ^ "Incident description 1 January 1970". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on August 6, 2011. Retrieved July 18, 2011.
  51. ^ "Incident description PP-PDX". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
  52. ^ "Accident description PP-VJL". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on July 19, 2012. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
  53. ^ "Accident description D-ABUY". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on July 19, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  54. ^ "Galeão. O aeroporto abençoado por Deus" [Galeão. The airport blessed by God.]. Desastres Aéreos (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on June 15, 2017. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
  55. ^ "Trecho da Transcarioca que liga Barra ao Galeão é inaugurado nesta quarta" (in Portuguese). G1 Rio. June 4, 2014. Archived from the original on June 6, 2014. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  56. ^ "Itinerários" (in Portuguese). Real Auto Ônibus. Archived from the original on January 10, 2013. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  57. ^ "Linhas Metropolitanas Charitas x Galeão" (in Portuguese). Autoviação 1001. Archived from the original on July 6, 2015. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  58. ^ "Linha aeroporto do Galeão x Búzios" (in Portuguese). Autovialçao 1001. July 11, 2016. Archived from the original on July 24, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Rio de Janeiro/Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport at Wikimedia Commons