Coordinates: 45°53′40″N 3°06′48″E / 45.8944°N 3.1133°E / 45.8944; 3.1133
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Buildings of Riom
Buildings of Riom
Coat of arms of Riom
Location of Riom
Riom is located in France
Riom is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Coordinates: 45°53′40″N 3°06′48″E / 45.8944°N 3.1133°E / 45.8944; 3.1133
IntercommunalityCA Riom Limagne et Volcans
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Pierre Pécoul[1]
31.97 km2 (12.34 sq mi)
 • Density590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
63300 /63200
Elevation337 m (1,106 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Riom (French pronunciation: [ʁjɔ̃] ; Auvergnat Riam) is a commune in the Puy-de-Dôme department in Auvergne in central France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department.[3]


Riom in the Armorial d'Auvergne by Guillaume Revel, 15th century.

Until the French Revolution, Riom was the capital of the province of Auvergne, and the seat of the dukes of Auvergne.[4] The city was of Gaulish origin, the Roman Ricomagus. In the intensely feudalized Auvergne of the 10th century, the town grew up around the collegiate Church of Saint Amabilis (Saint Amable), the local saint, who was the object of pilgrimages. In the 14th century the city benefitted from the patronage of Jean, duc de Berry, who rebuilt the Ducal Palace and the Saint-Chapelle. In 1531, Riom and Auvergne reverted to the Crown of France.

In 1942, Riom was the site of the Vichy government's abortive war-guilt trials, called Riom Trials.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1968 15,467—    
1975 17,071+1.42%
1982 18,346+1.03%
1990 18,793+0.30%
1999 18,548−0.15%
2007 18,040−0.35%
2012 18,484+0.49%
2017 19,180+0.74%
Source: INSEE[5]


In 1985 Riom received the French classification of Ville d'Art et d'Histoire recognizing its sixteen classified historical monuments as well as another 57 on the supplementary listings. Several 17th- and 18th-century private houses (hôtels particuliers) are open to the public with collections of costumes and works of decorative art.

Riom's two major public squares are Place Jean-Baptiste Laurent and Place du pré-Madame in which stand two large fountains in homage to Louis Desaix.

Public library[edit]

The Bibliothèque Municipale de Riom (English: Riom Library), is a public library in Riom. Since 1968 it has been located on Avenue Mgr Martrou. The library was established after the French Revolution.[6]

The library collection began after the French Revolution and it has been housed in a number of buildings including a college and at Riom city hall. In 1905 the library was moved to a Carmelite convent building and in 1941 it was housed in a museum. The present home of the collection was opened in 1968.[6][7]

It contains approximately 90,000 items (books, journals, audio cassette tapes and video). The special part of the collection consists of 15 medieval manuscripts, which came from revolutionary confiscations made in religious communities. The Ministry of Culture and Communication digitized three illuminated manuscripts. Of the illuminated works five volumes are from the 15th - 16th centuries.

Notable people[edit]

Riom was the birthplace of:

International relations[edit]

Riom is twinned with:[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires"., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2021". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  3. ^ INSEE commune file
  4. ^ "Hidden Riom: 5 Things You Didn't Know About Auvergne's City of Art". Visit Auvergne. Retrieved 14 May 2024.
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  6. ^ a b Chronique des bibliothèques françaises at the Bulletin des Bibliothèques de France
  7. ^ Ehrard, Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Étienne, Institut Claude Longeon Renaissance, Age classique ... ; catalogues établis et présentés par John Renwick et Lucette Perol, avec la collab. de Jean (1999). Deux bibliothèques oratoriennes à la fin du XVIIIe siècle : Riom et Effiat. Saint Etienne: Publ. de l'Univ. de Saint Etienne. ISBN 2862721719.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ "Jumelage". (in French). Riom. Retrieved 2019-11-20.

External links[edit]