|Subdivision:||City of Belgrade,
Ripanj (Serbian Cyrillic: Рипањ) is a suburban settlement of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Voždovac. It has a distinction of being "the largest village of Serbia" taking in account its number of population, but also because it has the largest area of all rural settlements in the country.
Ripanj is located some 25 kilometers south of Belgrade, on the southern slopes of the Avala mountain, in the valley of the Topčiderka river. It is the southernmost settlement in the municipality, on the northern side of the Lipovica woods, near the tripoint of the municipalities of Voždovac, Barajevo and Sopot.
Ripanj is statistically classified as a rural settlement (village). Population has been stagnating for the last several decades, according to the official censuses of population:
- 1863 - 1,839
- 1921 - 5,012
- 1948 - 7,475
- 1953 - 8,255
- 1961 - 10,533
- 1971 - 10,673
- 1981 - 10,463
- 1991 - 10,571 (de jure)
- 1991 - 10,320 (de facto)
- 2002 - 11,020 (de jure)
- 2002 - 10,741 (de facto)
- 2010 - 22,360 (de jure)
It is believed that settlement got its name from the large rock in the vicinity, called Ripa. Slopes of the Avala were already inhabioted in Neolithic. The location is an old mining area as it is known that already Romans were extracting mercury and silver and the tradition was later continued by the medieval Saxon miners. One of the major Serbian industrialists in the early 20th century, Đorđe Vajfert, also owned several mining fields. The mercury extraction from the Avala mountain ended in the second half of the 20th century.
The village got its first school in 1824, the same year when the first church was built. The small, wooden church (crkva-brvanara) was later replaced with the large Church of the Holy Trinity in 1892.
Ripanj is still largely agricultural settlement. The electrotechnics factory "Elektrosrbija" is located in Ripanj, so as the three "Minel" factory departments.
Ripanj is located in the northern, low Šumadija and the neighboring plateau is named after the settlement (Ripanj plateau), south of the Pinosava plateau. A railway Belgrade-Niš (both parallel lines) passes next to the settlement and the tunnel south of Ripanj is named the "Ripanj tunnel".
As a large and elongated settlement, stretched along the road and railway (there are five railway stations within the Ripanj area), it developed outer boroughs or comprised the formerly separate settlements. Some of the largest are:
- Bela Zemlja , east of downtown Ripanj;
- Brđani , south-west;
- Čaršija , on the foothills of the Avala, it is a location of an archeological site  The most important artefact from this Neolithic find is the "Ripanj statuette", a female deity, dated to 4th or 3rd millennium B.C., represented as sitting on a throne. Figurine is made of terra cotta, 16 centimeters high and missing head, arms and feet.
- Kablar, informal settlement, mostly inhabited by the Romani people. In June 2008 old shacks were replaced with the new mobile homes and water and sewage systems were introduced;
- Kolonija; The Minel factory is stationed here.The football club FC Minel is also located here.
- Prnjavor , east of Bela Zemlja;
- Stražarija ;
- Trešnja , an easternmost settlement of Ripanj, a popular picnic area located north of the Ralja river, on the northern slopes of the 310 meter-high Koviona hill, along the Belgrade-Kragujevac road. It is 32 kilometers south-east of Belgrade and closer to Vrčin in the municipality of Grocka than to Ripanj and the village of Mala Ivanča is just south of it. It is located in the afforested valley, rich in big game. The surrounding area comprises a small artificial pond, two cold water springs, a restaurant, weekend-settlement and a car camping park.
- Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
- Turističko područje Beograda, "Geokarta", 2007, ISBN 86-459-0099-8
- Bratislav Stojić. "Izveštaj iz Ripnja "Report from Ripanj"". B92 Kulturna laboratorija (in Serbian). Retrieved 2008-07-28. External link in
- Uporedni pregled broja stanovnika 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991 i 2002 - podaci po naseljima (in Serbian). Belgrade: Republički zavod za statistiku. 2004. ISBN 86-84433-14-9.
- "Kulturna dobra na opštini Voždovac "Cultural properties of Voždovac municipality"". Municipality of Voždovac (in Serbian). Retrieved 2008-07-28. External link in
- Prof.dr. Branko Vujović. "Istorija umetnosti "History of arts"" (PDF). Ljubisa Bojic Portal (in Serbian). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 5, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-28. External link in
- "Uređeno romsko naselje u Ripnju". Politika (in Serbian). 2008-06-14. p. 24.
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