T. Forster, 1817
There are six species. In taxonomic order, they are:
- R. paludicola (Vieillot, 1817) – brown-throated martin
- R. chinensis (J.E. Gray, 1830) – grey-throated martin
- R. congica (Reichenow, 1887) – Congo martin
- R. riparia (Linnaeus, 1758) – sand martin or bank swallow
- R. diluta (Sharpe & Wyatt, 1893) – pale martin or pale sand martin
- R. cincta (Boddaert, 1783) – banded martin
These are small or medium-sized swallows, ranging from 11–17 cm in length. They are brown above and mainly white below, and all have a dark breast band.
These species are closely associated with water. They nest in tunnels usually excavated by the birds themselves in a natural sand bank or earth mound. They lay white eggs, which are incubated by both parents, in a nest of straw, grass, and feathers in a chamber at the end of the burrow. Some species breed colonially.
Riparia martins, like other swallows, take insects in flight over water, grassland, or other open country.
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