Location of Ripon in Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin.
|County||Fond du Lac|
|• Total||5.03 sq mi (13.02 km2)|
|• Land||4.97 sq mi (12.88 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.14 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,570.16/sq mi (606.30/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
Ripon was founded in 1849 by David P. Mapes, a former New York steamboat captain. Within two years the city had absorbed the nearby commune of Ceresco, established in 1844 by the Wisconsin Phalanx, a group of settlers inspired by the communitarian socialist philosophy of Charles Fourier. Mapes was a founder of Ripon College, originally incorporated as Brockway College in 1851.
The city was named for the English cathedral city of Ripon, North Yorkshire, by John S. Horner, one of the community's original settlers, because that was where his immigrant ancestors originated. Horner also named most of the streets. His house is still standing today.
Birthplace of the Republican Party
Meeting at a school house in Ripon on February 28, 1854, some 30 opponents of the Kansas–Nebraska Act called for the organization of a new political party (to link their cause with the Declaration of Independence). The group also took a leading role in the creation of the Republican Party in many northern states during the summer of 1854. While conservatives and many moderates were content merely to call for the restoration of the Missouri Compromise or a prohibition of slavery extension, the group insisted that no further political compromise with slavery was possible.
The February 1854 meeting was the first political meeting of the group that would become the Republican Party. The modern Ripon Society, a Republican think tank, takes its name from Ripon, Wisconsin.
Ripon is located in the northwest corner of Fond du Lac County.
Ripon lies in the Sinnipee Group, a geologic formation composed primarily of dolomite, with limestone as a secondary rock type. Ripon's bedrock is primarily limestone. The limestone indicates that Ripon's location was once a shallow sea. Since Ripon is on the Sinnipee Group, it is a Karst environment. Ripon also lies in an area that was affected by several glaciation periods. The area has relatively gentle relief and is part of the Fox River (Wisconsin) watershed.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 7,733 people, 3,053 households, and 1,769 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,555.9 inhabitants per square mile (600.7/km2). There were 3,306 housing units at an average density of 665.2 per square mile (256.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.7% White, 0.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 2.6% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.0% of the population.
There were 3,053 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.1% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the city was 37.2 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 17.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,828 people, 2,922 households, and 1,759 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,612.8 people per square mile (623.2/km²). There were 3,118 housing units at an average density of 736.5 per square mile (284.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.72% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.86% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. 2.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,922 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,399, and the median income for a family was $51,100. Males had a median income of $35,990 versus $25,053 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,313. About 4.4% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
Ripon is served by Wisconsin 23, Wisconsin 44 and Wisconsin 49 of the state highway system. Wis 23 West and Wis 49 North head to Green Lake. Wis 23 heads east to Rosendale and Fond du Lac. Wis 44 North heads northeast to Pickett and Oshkosh. Wis 44 and 49 South are cosigned exiting town for 6 miles. Wis 44 heads to Fairwater. Wis 49 heads to Brandon and Waupun. Fond du Lac County Hwy E also serves town.
Ripon is the starting point for the Fisk VFR arrival into EAA AirVenture Oshkosh.
- Frank L. Anders, Medal of Honor recipient, attended college and died in Ripon.
- Ezekiel Babcock, farmer and politician
- Jeanne Bice, entrepreneur, television personality and founder of the Quacker Factory clothing line
- Sarah Powers Bradish, writer and WCTU activist
- Carrie Chapman Catt, president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association
- Arthur F. Hinz, politician
- John S. Horner, acting Governor of Michigan Territory and Secretary of Wisconsin Territory
- Bruno E. Jacob, founder of the National Forensic League, though born in the nearby town of Valders, lived in Ripon most of his life
- Lewis G. Kellogg, politician
- Asa Kinney, pioneer and politician
- Oscar Hugh La Grange, Union Army general
- Alonzo A. Loper, politician
- Richard Maltby, Jr., theater director and producer, lyricist, screenwriter, cryptic crossword constructor for Harper's Magazine
- Gard Miller, Wisconsin State Representative
- George Mitchell, politician
- Roy E. Reed, politician and lawyer
- H. Gordon Selfridge, founder of London-based Selfridges department store, was born in Ripon
- Fred E. Soper, Wisconsin State Representative
- William Starr, Wisconsin State Representative
- Lyman Wellington Thayer, politician
- Clarissa Tucker Tracy American botanist, taught at Ripon College, studied the local flora for 30 years and died in Ripon
- William D. Turner, politician
- Otto Julius Zobel, inventor of the m-derived filter and the Zobel network, was born and raised in Ripon
Ripon sign looking east on WIS 23
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mar 28, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- History of Ripon, Wisconsin
- Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 118.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1882,' Biographical Sketch of Ezekiel Babcock, pg. 538
- Lyke, Tim (2011-06-13). "Ripon's hometown girl Jeanne Bice dies at 71". Ripon Press. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
- Clark A Elliott (1979). Biographical Dictionary of American Science: The Seventeenth Through the Nineteenth Centuries. Westport and London.: Greenwood Press. p. 252. ISBN 978-0-313-20419-7.
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