Ripon College Cuddesdon
|Ripon College Cuddesdon|
College viewed from the road
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Former name(s)||Cuddesdon College
Ripon Clergy College
|Functional status||Theological college|
|Heritage designation||Grade II listed|
|Architect(s)||G. E. Street|
|Style||English Gothic Revival|
|Diocese||Diocese of Oxford|
Ripon College Cuddesdon is a Church of England theological college in Cuddesdon, a village 5.5 miles (8.9 km) outside Oxford, England. It is the largest ministry training institution in the Church of England.
Ripon College Cuddesdon was formed from an amalgamation in 1975 of Cuddesdon College and Ripon Hall. The name of the college, which is incorporated by royal charter, deliberately contains no comma.
Samuel Wilberforce, Bishop of Oxford, founded Cuddesdon College in April 1853, as the Oxford Diocesan Seminary to train graduates from Oxford and Cambridge. Its original buildings, designed by the Diocesan Architect for Oxford G. E. Street, were built opposite the Cuddesdon Palace. The Neo-Gothic buildings are regarded as the first important design by Street and influenced much of his later work. The College opened in June 1854 and quickly became known as Cuddesdon College. A larger chapel, built at first-floor level and with decorations by Clayton and Bell, was added by Street in 1874–5. The northwest wing, and opposite the chapel, was built in 1904, the southeast wing in 1920 and the service wing in 1925. Traditionally, "Cuddesdon", as it is commonly known, was in the Anglo-Catholic tradition of the Church of England.
Ripon Hall was founded in Ripon, Yorkshire, in 1897 or 1898. It was originally a hostel for theological students, known as Bishop's College, founded by William Boyd Carpenter, Bishop of Ripon. In 1902, it was merged with Lightfoot Hall, Birmingham and became known as Ripon Clergy College. In 1919, the college moved from Ripon to a site in Parks Road in Oxford and was renamed Ripon Hall. There, it became known as a liberal Anglican college.
In 1933, Ripon Hall moved again, this time to a house then known as Berkeley House at Boars Hill, near Oxford, the former home of the 8th Earl of Berkeley. The college remained there until the merger with Cuddesdon in 1975, when the site, renamed Foxcombe Hall, became the regional headquarters of the Open University.
Currently, men and women who come with a range of previous experience, but are not necessarily graduates, take a two or three-year course of study incorporating pastoral and academic training. There are about seventy full-time students taking courses of study, either as matriculated students at Oxford University or on courses accredited by Durham University through the Church of England Common Awards Scheme which began in September 2014. Prior to this time, students not wishing to study at Oxford University were able to take courses of study accredited by Oxford Brookes University. With the introduction of the Common Awards Scheme, Cuddesdon also streamlined its Oxford University offerings. Where previously the college had offered three courses, the Bachelor of Theology (BTh), the Certificate in Theology (CTh) and the Batchelor of Arts (BA) in Theology, both the BTh and CTh are no longer offered and Cuddesdon students wishing to study at Oxford University must now take the BA.
Cuddesdon students come from across the spectrum of the Church of England but it retains a liturgical approach to worship and a broad approach to theology. It maintains a regular and disciplined approach to daily prayer and seeks to train students in a modern critical approach to the Christian tradition of the Church of England. From 2008 the part-time Oxford Ministry Course, with about fifty ordinands, has been integrated into the college, which now also incorporates the West of England Ministerial Training Course which trains clergy and readers principally in the dioceses of Hereford and Gloucester. The college also runs a fortnightly part-time programme for those interested in theology and ministry, the Cuddesdon School of Theology and Ministry. In 2011 a new programme of training for pioneer ministers has been set up in partnership with the Church Mission Society. The college also hosts a research centre for practical theology, the Oxford Centre for Ecclesiology and Practical Theology (OxCEPT). The college is currently the headquarters of the Bloxham Project, which aims to promote Christian education in schools. It is a sponsor of the Society for the Study of Anglicanism.
The current principal is Humphrey Southern, former Bishop of Repton; the Vice Principal is Mark Chapman, Dean of College and Reader in Modern Theology at the University of Oxford. Joanna Collicutt teaches psychology; David Heywood is Director of Pastoral Studies; Hywel Clifford teaches Old Testament and Hebrew; Grant Bayliss and Philip Tovey teach liturgy; Tim Naish teaches mission and is Dean of the Oxford Ministry Course. The college also incorporates the Oxford Centre for Ecclesiology and Practical Theology, headed by Cathy Ross, who also teaches contextual theology. In 2012 the college became the new home of the Sisters of the Community of St John Baptist and Companions of Jesus the Good Shepherd as part of a major building programme to provide more teaching and residential accommodation, named after Harriet Monsell, founder of CSJB, as well as a new chapel named in honour of Edward King (Bishop of Lincoln), sometime principal of Cuddesdon.
Since 2011, the college has hosted the biennial international "Christian Congregational Music: Local and Global Perspectives" conference, a gathering of scholars and practitioners across disciplines to discuss issues in contemporary congregational music.
Bishop Edward King Chapel
On 1 February 2013, the Bishop Edward King Chapel was dedicated by John Pritchard, Bishop of Oxford, at a celebration of the Eucharist for the Feast of the Presentation of Christ in the Temple. Michael Perham, Bishop of Gloucester, preached the sermon and Colin Fletcher, Bishop of Dorchester, assisted in the solemnities.
List of principals
- Ripon Hall
- Henry Dewsbury Alves Major (1919 to 1947)
- Douglas Richardson (1947 to 1952)
- Geoffrey Allen (1952 to 1959)
- Gordon Fallows (1959 to 1968)
- Anthony Dyson (1969 to 1974)
- Cuddesdon Theological College
- C. W. Furse (1854 to ?)
- John Johnston (1895 to 1913)
- James Seaton (1914 to 1928)
- Eric Graham (1928 to 1944)
- Kenneth Riches (1945 to 1952)
- Edward Knapp-Fisher (1952 to 1960)
- Robert Runcie (1960 to 1970)
- Ripon College Cuddesdon
- Leslie Houlden (1975 to 1977)
- David Wilcox (1977 to 1986)
- John Garton (1986 to 1996)
- John Clarke (1996 to 2000)
- Martyn Percy (2004 to 2014)
- Humphrey Southern (2015 to present)
Notable former staff
Among the college's previous staff members are:
- Edward King, later Bishop of Lincoln
- Allan Webb (vice-principal 1864–1867), later Bishop of Bloemfontein and of Grahamstown, subsequently Dean of Salisbury.
- John Johnston (principal 1895–1913)
- Charles Gore, successively Bishop of Worcester, Birmingham and Oxford and Founder of the Community of the Resurrection, Mirfield.
- Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury
- John Clarke, Dean of Wells Cathedral.
When Robert Runcie retired from the archbishopric his barony's territory was "of Cuddesdon in the County of Oxfordshire".
- Simon Aiken – Dean of Kimberley
- Walter Baddeley – Bishop of Melanesia, Whitby
- Timothy Bavin OSB – Bishop of Johannesburg, Bishop of Portsmouth and, later, monk of Alton Abbey.
- Steven Brookes - Chaplain at Royal Hospital Chelsea
- Chris Bryant – MP for Rhondda
- Richard Chartres – Bishop of London
- Owen Chadwick – Vice-Chancellor of University of Cambridge, Master of Selwyn Cambridge, Regius Professor of Modern History, Dixie Professor of Ecclesiastical History, Chancellor of University of Anglia, President of British Academy, Rugby Union International
- David Chillingworth Primus of the Scottish Episcipal Church
- Geoffrey Clayton – Archbishop of Cape Town
- Harold de Soysa - Bishop of Colombo
- Philip Egerton – founder of Bloxham School
- Austin Farrer – Warden of Keble College, Oxford
- Mark Fox – journalist
- Nicholas Frayling – Dean of Chichester
- Cyril Garbett – Archbishop of York (1942–1955)
- John Hall- Dean of Westminster Abbey
- David Hand – Archbishop of Papua New Guinea
- Richard Harries – formerly Bishop of Oxford (1987–2005)
- John Hind – Bishop of Chichester
- Graham James – Bishop of Norwich
- Keith Jones – Dean of York
- Cosmo Gordon Lang – Archbishop of York (1909–28), Archbishop of Canterbury (1928–1942)
- Diarmaid MacCulloch – Professor of church history at the University of Oxford
- Michael Mayne – Dean of Westminster Abbey (1986–1996)
- Frederick Molyneux – Bishop of Melanesia
- John Packer – Bishop of Ripon and Leeds
- Michael Perham – Bishop of Gloucester
- Stephen Platten – Bishop of Wakefield
- Anthony Priddis – Bishop of Hereford
- Michael Ramsey – Archbishop of Canterbury (1961–1974)
- Howard E. Root – Dean of Emmanuel College, Cambridge (1956–66), Professor of Theology, University of Southampton (1966–81) and Director of the Anglican Centre in Rome (1981–91)
- John Ruston – Bishop of St Helena (1957–1961)
- Michael Scott-Joynt – Bishop of Winchester
- David Stancliffe – Bishop of Salisbury
- Thomas Stanage – Bishop of Bloemfontein
- Tim Stevens – Bishop of Leicester
- Nigel Stock – Bishop of Stockport (2000–2007), Bishop of St Edmundsbury & Ipswich (2007–2013), Bishop at Lambeth (2013–present)
- Stephen Sykes – Bishop of Ely (1990–2000)
- Robert Willis – Dean of Canterbury
- David Hoyle – Dean of Bristol
Sources and further reading
- Chapman, Mark D. (ed.), Ambassadors of Christ: Commemorating 150 Years of Theological Education in Cuddesdon 1854–2004, Burlington (Ashgate) 2004.
- Chapman, Mark D., God's Holy Hill: A History of Christianity in Cuddesdon, Charlbury (The Wychwood Press) 2004.
- Sherwood & Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire (Penguin Books Ltd, 1974), p.564.
- Sherwood & Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire (Penguin Books Ltd, 1974), p. 564.
- "Seeking God – the Story of Ripon Hall" in Oxfordshire Limited Edition, supplement to the Oxford Times, May 2009
- Graham, Elaine (17 October 1998). "Obituary: The Revd Professor Anthony Dyson". The Independent. Retrieved 27 November 2014.