Nicholas (komes)

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Inscription in the National Historical Museum of Bulgaria citing Nicholas and Ripsime as grandparents of Ivan Vladislav, the son of Aron.

The komes ("count") Nicholas Bulgarian: Никола was a local ruler in Bulgaria, probably of Armenian origin, and progenitor of the Cometopuli ("the sons of the count") dynasty.

Life[edit]

According to the Armenian chronicler Stephen of Taron, the family originated in the Armenian region of Derdjan.[1][2] He was married to Ripsime or Hripsime, possibly a daughter of King Ashot II of Armenia.[3][4][5] The couple had four sons, David, Moses and Aron, and Samuel, who are collectively known as the Cometopuli (from Greek Kometopouloi, "sons of the komes"; Armenian կոմսաձագ Komsajagk).[1][2] Sometime in the 970s—the exact date is unclear and disputed—the brothers launched a successful rebellion against the Byzantine Empire, that had recently subdued Bulgaria; after the early death of his brothers, Samuel remained as the undisputed leader of Bulgaria, ruling as Tsar from 996 until his death in 1014.[6]

Other than that, nothing is known of Nicholas.[1] He may have ruled Serdica[7] or, according to other sources, was a local count in the region of the modern Republic of Macedonia.[8]

In 992/3, Samuel erected at German, near Lake Prespa, an inscription commemorating his parents and his brother David.[1]

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Count
Nicholas
 
 
 
Ripsime
of Armenia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
David
 
Moses
 
Aron
 
Samuel
of Bulgaria

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d PmbZ, Nikolaos (#26038.
  2. ^ a b ODB, "Kometopouloi" (A. Kazhdan), pp. 1140–1141.
  3. ^ Adontz, Nicholas (1938). "Samuel l'Armenien, roi des Bulgares". MAR Bclsmp (in French) (39): 37.
  4. ^ David Marshall Lang, The Bulgarians: from pagan times to the Ottoman conquest, Westview Press, 1976, p. 67.
  5. ^ Tom Winnifrith, Badlands, Borderlands: A History of Northern Epirus/Southern Albania, Duckworth, 2002, p. 83.
  6. ^ ODB, "Kometopouloi" (A. Kazhdan), pp. 1140–1141; "Samuel of Bulgaria" (A. Kazhdan & C. M. Brand), p. 1838.
  7. ^ Prokić, Božidar (1906). Die Zusätze in der Handschrift des Johannes Scylitzes. Codex Vindobonensis hist. graec. LXXIV (in German). München. p. 28. OCLC 11193528.
  8. ^ Southeastern Europe in the early Middle Ages. Florin Curta. page 241

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]