|Native name: 利尻島, Rishiri-tō|
Rishiri Island (Japan)
|Area||183 km2 (71 sq mi)|
|Length||19 km (11.8 mi)|
|Width||14 km (8.7 mi)|
|Coastline||63 km (39.1 mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,721 m (5,646 ft)|
|Highest point||Mount Rishiri|
|Pop. density||30.81 /km2 (79.8 /sq mi)|
|Ethnic groups||Ainu, Japanese|
Rishiri Island (利尻島 Rishiri-tō?) is an island in the Sea of Japan off the coast of Hokkaido, Japan. Administratively the island is part of Hokkaido Prefecture, and is divided between two towns, Rishiri and Rishirifuji. The island is formed by the cone-shaped extinct volcanic peak of Mount Rishiri. Along with Rebun Island and the coastal area of the Sarobetsu Plain, Rishiri forms the Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park. The main industries of Rishiri are tourism and fishing. The island is about 63 kilometres (39 mi) in circumference and covers 183 square kilometres (71 sq mi). The island has a population of 5,102 residents.
Rishiri Island is located roughly 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Hokkaido; Rebun Island is a further 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the northwest. Rishiri is nearly perfectly circular with a coastline of 63 kilometres (39 mi). The island spans 19 kilometres (12 mi) from north to south and 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from east to west. Mount Rishiri rises to an altitude of 1,721 metres (5,646 ft) above the island. Mount Rishiri provides a good source of fresh water; numerous small ponds and springs are located at the foot of the mountain.
The residents of Rishiri Island live on the coastal areas of the island, which are connected by bus service which circumnavigates the island.
The island is divided between two towns, Rishiri (population, 2,304), which belongs to Rishiri District on south-west half of island, and Rishirifuji (population 2,798) on north-east half of island, both which belong to Rishiri District, Sōya Subprefecture.
These towns include the following communities, listed from the north side of the island, clockwise around:
- Oshidomari (ferry port)
- Misaki, Rishiri
- Kutsugata (ferry port)
- Shinminato, Rishiri
A bus runs the circuit route around the island.
- 1807-1808 Failed military expedition to Sakhalin, part of deceased buried at cape Peshi.
- Ranald MacDonald (1824-1894), first native English teacher in Japan, landed on Rishiri in 1848.
- On February 7, 2013, the Japanese government claimed that Russian SU-27 fighter jets had been spotted above Japanese waters off Rishiri Island. Russia denies the claim.
- Pon`yama (444m) - a mountain top near north coast, nearby a site of non-coastal hiking camp on island
Other features of Rishiri Island include:
- Cape Peshi on the East side of the port Oshidomari
- Cape Senhoshi
- Neguma (Sleeping Bear) Rock
- Jimmen Rock
- Ponmoshiri Island
- Hime Marsh
- Menūshoro Marsh
- Otatomari Marsh
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Rishiri-tō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 791.
- "利尻島" [Rishiri Island]. Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 173191044. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
- "利尻島" [Rishiri Island]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
- 人口 [Population] (in Japanese). Rishiri, Hokkaido: Town of Rishiri. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- 人口 [Population] (in Japanese). Rishirifuji, Hokkaido: Town of Rishirifuji. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- "利尻島" [Rishiri Island]. Nihon Kokugo Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2013-09-10.
- "利尻島" [Rishiri Island]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2013-12-14.
- Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park travel guide from Wikivoyage
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